United Airlines Raises Full Year 2019 Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share Guidance - United Hub

United Airlines Raises Full Year 2019 Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share Guidance

Expects to meet or exceed $11 to $13 adjusted diluted earnings per share(1) target for 2020
October 15, 2019

CHICAGO, Oct. 15, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- United Airlines (UAL) today announced that it has achieved third quarter diluted earnings per share (EPS) of $3.99 and adjusted diluted EPS2 of $4.07, and raised its full year 2019 adjusted diluted EPS1 guidance, with a new range of $11.25 to $12.25.

"Thanks to the outstanding efforts of our employees, United extended our streak of expanding pre-tax margin on a quarterly basis. It provides us further confidence to raise our full year 2019 adjusted diluted EPS guidance, putting us ahead of pace to achieve our goal of $11 to $13 in adjusted diluted EPS by the end of 2020," said Oscar Munoz, CEO of United Airlines. "While headwinds affected the sector as a whole this quarter, United's team once again demonstrated a robust ability to overcome adverse cost pressure, managing to continue growing our network while investing in winning our customers' loyalty through smart enhancements to the United experience."

  • Reported third quarter net income of $1.0 billion, diluted earnings per share of $3.99, pre-tax earnings of $1.3 billion and pre-tax margin of 11.9 percent, expanding pre-tax margin 2.3 points versus the third quarter of 2018.
  • Reported third quarter adjusted net income of $1.0 billion, adjusted diluted EPS of $4.07, adjusted pre-tax earnings of $1.4 billion and adjusted pre-tax margin of 12.1 percent, expanding adjusted pre-tax margin 2.5 points versus the third quarter of 2018.²
  • Consolidated third quarter passenger revenue per available seat mile (PRASM) increased 1.7 percent year-over-year.
  • Consolidated third quarter unit cost per available seat mile (CASM) decreased 0.9 percent year-over-year.
  • Consolidated third quarter CASM, excluding special charges, third party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing, increased 2.1 percent year-over-year.
  • Repurchased $363 million of its common shares in the third quarter of 2019 at an average purchase price of $88.22 per share.
  • Raised $1.2 billion in Enhanced Equipment Trust Certificates at a record low blended interest rate of 2.8% in connection with the financing of certain aircraft.

1 Excludes special charges and the mark-to-market impact of financial instruments, the nature of which are not determined at this time, and imputed interest on certain finance leases. Accordingly, UAL is not providing earnings guidance on a GAAP basis.

2 Excludes special charges, the mark-to-market impact of financial instruments and imputed interest on certain finance leases. Reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are included in the tables accompanying this release.

For more information on UAL's fourth quarter and full year 2019 guidance, please visit ir.united.com for the company's investor update.

Third Quarter 2019 Highlights
Customer Experience

  • Announced MileagePlus award miles never expire, giving members a lifetime to use miles on flights, experiences, hotels and more.
  • Announced partnership with CLEAR which includes a free or discounted CLEAR membership for U.S. based MileagePlus members.
  • MileagePlus members between the ages of 18 to 22 receive a 10% discount on domestic flights when booked through the United mobile app by Dec. 31, 2019.
  • Announced improvements to United PassPlus, the airline's prepaid program that offers discounts, fixed fares and amenities to both individual and corporate customers.
  • Customers are now provided three inflight snack options on domestic flights regardless of departure time, including the Stroopwafel.
  • Customers can now pre pay for bags as soon as their ticket is issued. Previously customers had to wait until check-in to pay for their bags.
  • MileagePlus loyalty program was awarded Favorite Frequent-Flyer Program for the fourth time by Trazee Awards and the United Explorer Card from Chase was awarded Favorite Credit Card for the second consecutive year.

Operations

  • Achieved No. 1 in on-time departures in all hubs where United faces large hub competitors: Denver, Chicago and Los Angeles.
  • Completed introduction of ConnectionSaver to all of seven domestic hubs, saving over 35,000 connections in the quarter.

Employees

  • Honored with being recognized by search site indeed.com as a "Top 50 Workplace" for 2019.
  • Recognized for fourth consecutive year as a top-scoring company and best place to work for disability and inclusion with a perfect score of 100% on the 2019 Disability Equality Index.
  • Expects to hire about 8,000 people by the end of 2019.

Network

  • Announced 12 new and expanded international routes from Chicago, Denver, New York/Newark and San Francisco including Nice, France; Palermo, Italy; and Curacao.
  • Announced nonstop service to Tokyo Haneda with routes from Chicago, Los Angeles, New York/Newark and Washington, D.C., beginning March 28, 2020.
  • Resumed daily nonstop service between New York/Newark and Delhi and Mumbai on September 6.

Fleet

  • Launched Boeing 767-300ER ultra-premium United Polaris business class configuration on all flights between New York/Newark and London-Heathrow starting Sept. 15, 2019.
  • Took delivery of six used Airbus A319 aircraft and nine new Embraer E175 aircraft.

Community

  • Launched Crowdrise fundraising campaign for those affected by Hurricane Dorian.
  • Operated a Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner crewed exclusively by women to the largest airshow in the world, EAA AirVenture in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, to symbolize the airline's commitment to supporting women in aviation.

Investor Day

On March 5, 2020 United will host an investor event in New York. More details will be provided at a later date.

Earnings Call

UAL will hold a conference call to discuss its third-quarter 2019 financial results and its financial and operational outlook for fourth-quarter and full-year 2019 on Wednesday, October 16, 2019, at 9:30 a.m. Central time /10:30 a.m. Eastern time. A live, listen-only webcast of the conference call will be available at ir.united.com. The webcast will be available for replay within 24 hours of the conference call and then archived on the website for three months.

Every customer. Every flight. Every day.

In 2019, United is focusing more than ever on its commitment to its customers, looking at every aspect of its business to ensure that the carrier keeps customers' best interests at the heart of its service. In addition to today's announcement, this year United:

  • Announced that MileagePlus award miles will never expire
  • Gave Economy customers a choice of complimentary snacks on domestic flights
  • Made DIRECTV free for every customer on more than 200 aircraft
  • Released a new version of the award-winning, most downloaded app in the airline industry
  • Launched a new tool called ConnectionSaver, dedicated to improving the experience for customers with connecting flights
  • Partnered with CLEAR on free or discounted memberships for MileagePlus members
  • Announced PlusPoints, new upgrade benefits for MileagePlus Premier members
  • And introduced products in its amenity kits made exclusively for the airline by luxury skincare line Sunday Riley

About United

United's shared purpose is "Connecting People. Uniting the World." We are more focused than ever on our commitment to customers through a series of innovations and improvements designed to help build a great experience: Every customer. Every flight. Every day. Together, United Airlines and United Express operate approximately 4,900 flights a day to 358 airports across five continents. In 2018, United and United Express operated more than 1.7 million flights carrying more than 158 million customers. United is proud to have the world's most comprehensive route network, including U.S. mainland hubs in Chicago, Denver, Houston, Los Angeles, New York/Newark, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. United operates 788 mainline aircraft and the airline's United Express carriers operate 560 regional aircraft. United is a founding member of Star Alliance, which provides service to 195 countries via 26 member airlines. For more information, visit united.com, follow @United on Twitter and Instagram or connect on Facebook. The common stock of United's parent, United Airlines Holdings, Inc., is traded on the Nasdaq under the symbol "UAL".

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: Certain statements included in this release are forward-looking and thus reflect our current expectations and beliefs with respect to certain current and future events and anticipated financial and operating performance. Such forward-looking statements are and will be subject to many risks and uncertainties relating to our operations and business environment that may cause actual results to differ materially from any future results expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. Words such as "expects," "will," "plans," "anticipates," "indicates," "believes," "estimates," "forecast," "guidance," "outlook," "goals," "targets" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Additionally, forward-looking statements include statements that do not relate solely to historical facts, such as statements which identify uncertainties or trends, discuss the possible future effects of current known trends or uncertainties, or which indicate that the future effects of known trends or uncertainties cannot be predicted, guaranteed or assured. All forward-looking statements in this release are based upon information available to us on the date of this release. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. Our actual results could differ materially from these forward-looking statements due to numerous factors including, without limitation, the following: our ability to execute our strategic operating plan, including our growth, revenue-generating and cost-control initiatives; general economic conditions (including interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, investment or credit market conditions, crude oil prices, costs of aircraft fuel and energy refining capacity in relevant markets); risks of doing business globally, including instability and political developments that may impact our operations in certain countries; demand for travel and the impact that global economic and political conditions have on customer travel patterns; our capacity decisions and the capacity decisions of our competitors; competitive pressures on pricing and on demand; changes in aircraft fuel prices; disruptions in our supply of aircraft fuel; our ability to cost-effectively hedge against increases in the price of aircraft fuel, if we decide to do so; the effects of any technology failures or cybersecurity breaches; disruptions to services provided by third-party service providers; potential reputational or other impact from adverse events involving our aircraft or operations, the aircraft or operations of our regional carriers or our code share partners or the aircraft or operations of another airline; our ability to attract and retain customers; the effects of any terrorist attacks, international hostilities or other security events, or the fear of such events; the mandatory grounding of aircraft in our fleet; disruptions to our regional network; the impact of regulatory, investigative and legal proceedings and legal compliance risks; the success of our investments in other airlines, including in other parts of the world; industry consolidation or changes in airline alliances; the ability of other air carriers with whom we have alliances or partnerships to provide the services contemplated by the respective arrangements with such carriers; costs associated with any modification or termination of our aircraft orders; disruptions in the availability of aircraft, parts or support from our suppliers; our ability to maintain satisfactory labor relations and the results of any collective bargaining agreement process with our union groups; any disruptions to operations due to any potential actions by our labor groups; labor costs; an outbreak of a disease that affects travel demand or travel behavior; the impact of any management changes; extended interruptions or disruptions in service at major airports where we operate; U.S. or foreign governmental legislation, regulation and other actions (including Open Skies agreements, environmental regulations and the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union); the seasonality of the airline industry; weather conditions; the costs and availability of aviation and other insurance; the costs and availability of financing; our ability to maintain adequate liquidity; our ability to comply with the terms of our various financing arrangements; our ability to realize the full value of our intangible assets and long-lived assets; and other risks and uncertainties set forth under Part I, Item 1A., "Risk Factors," of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2019, as well as other risks and uncertainties set forth from time to time in the reports we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

-tables attached-

On January 1, 2019, United Airlines Holdings, Inc. ("UAL") adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases ("Topic 842"). As such, certain previously reported 2018 figures are adjusted in this report on a basis consistent with Topic 842.

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)



Three Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/



Nine Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/


(In millions, except per share data)

2019


2018


(Decrease)



2019


2018


(Decrease)


Operating revenue:














Passenger

$

10,481



$

10,120



3.6




$

29,692



$

28,150



5.5



Cargo

282



296



(4.7)




863



903



(4.4)



Other operating revenue

617



587



5.1




1,816



1,759



3.2



Total operating revenue

11,380



11,003



3.4




32,371



30,812



5.1

















Operating expense:














Salaries and related costs

3,063



2,930



4.5




8,993



8,534



5.4



Aircraft fuel

2,296



2,572



(10.7)




6,704



6,927



(3.2)



Regional capacity purchase

721



676



6.7




2,124



1,999



6.3



Landing fees and other rent

645



618



4.4




1,893



1,822



3.9



Depreciation and amortization

575



545



5.5




1,682



1,607



4.7



Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs

490



455



7.7




1,319



1,333



(1.1)



Distribution expenses

432



427



1.2




1,234



1,162



6.2



Aircraft rent

67



109



(38.5)




221



355



(37.7)



Special charges (B)

27



17



NM




116



186



NM



Other operating expenses

1,591



1,467



8.5




4,645



4,293



8.2



Total operating expense

9,907



9,816



0.9




28,931



28,218



2.5

















Operating income

1,473



1,187



24.1




3,440



2,594



32.6

















Operating margin

12.9

%


10.8

%


2.1


pts.


10.6

%


8.4

%


2.2


pts.

Adjusted operating margin (Non-GAAP) (A)

13.2

%


10.9

%


2.3


pts.


11.0

%


9.0

%


2.0


pts.















Nonoperating income (expense):














Interest expense

(191)



(172)



11.0




(570)



(497)



14.7



Interest capitalized

22



16



37.5




65



46



41.3



Interest income

36



28



28.6




103



70



47.1



Miscellaneous, net (B)

9



(1)



NM




32



(118)



NM



Total nonoperating expense

(124)



(129)



(3.9)




(370)



(499)



(25.9)

















Income before income taxes

1,349



1,058



27.5




3,070



2,095



46.5

















Pre-tax margin

11.9

%


9.6

%


2.3


pts.


9.5

%


6.8

%


2.7


pts.

Adjusted pre-tax margin (Non-GAAP) (A)

12.1

%


9.6

%


2.5


pts.


9.8

%


7.6

%


2.2


pts.















Income tax expense (D)

325



225



44.4




702



434



61.8



Net income

$

1,024



$

833



22.9




$

2,368



$

1,661



42.6

















Diluted earnings per share

$

3.99



$

3.05



30.8




$

9.04



$

5.98



51.2



Diluted weighted average shares

256.4



273.6



(6.3)




262.0



278.0



(5.8)




NM Not meaningful

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

PASSENGER REVENUE INFORMATION AND STATISTICS


Passenger revenue information is as follows (in millions, except for percentage changes):



3Q 2019

Passenger

Revenue


3Q 2018

Passenger

Revenue (a)


Reporting
Adjustments
(b)


3Q 2018

Passenger

Revenue
(b)


Passenger

Revenue

vs.

3Q 2018
(b)


PRASM
vs.
3Q 2018
(b)


Yield vs.
3Q 2018
(b)


Available

Seat Miles

vs.

3Q 2018


3Q 2019
Available
Seat
Miles


3Q 2019
Revenue
Passenger
Miles

Domestic

$

6,554



$

6,253



$

56



$

6,309



3.9%


2.1%


2.3%


1.7%


42,670


36,940





















Atlantic

1,963



1,933



(38)



1,895



3.6%


0.8%


1.0%


2.8%


15,219


13,216

Pacific

1,121



1,163



(30)



1,133



(1.1)%


(3.4)%


(4.0)%


2.3%


10,858


9,038

Latin America

843



771



12



783



7.7%


7.2%


5.9%


0.4%


6,329


5,435

International

3,927



3,867



(56)



3,811



3.0%


0.9%


0.5%


2.2%


32,406


27,689





















Consolidated

$

10,481



$

10,120



$



$

10,120



3.6%


1.7%


1.6%


1.9%


75,076


64,629


(a) As previously reported.

(b) During the third quarter of 2019, United implemented a new revenue accounting software system which allowed it to more precisely determine the geographic regions associated with certain ancillary passenger revenue items. Prior to July 2019, those ancillary revenue items were determined using an allocation method that was based on revenue from passenger travel. While the total passenger revenue is not impacted, the geographic totals for each period are not comparable year-over-year due to the change. The third quarter 2018 passenger revenue presented in the table above, and utilized in the year-over-year comparisons displayed, was adjusted using the third quarter 2019 percentages.

Select operating statistics are as follows:



Three Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/

(Decrease)



Nine Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/

(Decrease)



2019


2018





2019


2018




Passengers (thousands)

43,091



42,886



0.5




122,137



118,439



3.1



Revenue passenger miles (millions)

64,629



63,393



1.9




180,727



173,187



4.4



Available seat miles (millions)

75,076



73,681



1.9




213,961



206,360



3.7



Passenger load factor:














Consolidated

86.1

%


86.0

%


0.1


pts.


84.5

%


83.9

%


0.6


pts.

Domestic

86.6

%


86.7

%


(0.1)


pts.


85.7

%


85.7

%



pts.

International

85.4

%


85.2

%


0.2


pts.


82.9

%


81.6

%


1.3


pts.

Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents)

13.96



13.73



1.7




13.88



13.64



1.8



Total revenue per available seat mile (cents)

15.16



14.93



1.5




15.13



14.93



1.3



Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents)

16.22



15.96



1.6




16.43



16.25



1.1



Cargo ton miles

804



851



(5.5)




2,440



2,523



(3.3)



Aircraft in fleet at end of period

1,348



1,306



3.2




1,348



1,306



3.2



Average stage length (miles)

1,473



1,454



1.3




1,464



1,453



0.8



Average full-time equivalent employees

90,591



89,022



1.8




90,071



87,112



3.4



Average aircraft fuel price per gallon

$

2.02



$

2.32



(12.9)




$

2.08



$

2.23



(6.7)



Fuel gallons consumed (millions)

1,134



1,111



2.1




3,221



3,101



3.9




Note: See Part II, Item 6, Selected Financial Data, of UAL's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, for definitions of these statistics.

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)


(In millions)

September 30, 2019


December 31, 2018

ASSETS




Current assets:




Cash and cash equivalents

$

2,959



$

1,694


Short-term investments

2,167



2,256


Receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts

1,617



1,426


Aircraft fuel, spare parts and supplies, less obsolescence allowance

1,065



985


Prepaid expenses and other

725



733


Total current assets

8,533



7,094






Total operating property and equipment, net

29,332



27,399


Operating lease right-of-use assets

4,937



5,262






Other assets:




Goodwill

4,523



4,523


Intangibles, less accumulated amortization

3,114



3,159


Restricted cash

100



105


Notes receivable, net

529



516


Investments in affiliates and other, net

1,131



966


Total other assets

9,397



9,269


Total assets

$

52,199



$

49,024






LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY




Current liabilities:




Advance ticket sales

$

5,515



$

4,381


Accounts payable

2,848



2,363


Frequent flyer deferred revenue

2,537



2,286


Accrued salaries and benefits

2,104



2,184


Current maturities of long-term debt

1,243



1,230


Current maturities of finance leases

92



123


Current maturities of operating leases

778



719


Other

574



553


Total current liabilities

15,691



13,839






Other long-term liabilities and deferred credits:




Long-term debt

12,900



12,215


Long-term obligations under finance leases

186



224


Long-term obligations under operating leases

4,941



5,276


Frequent flyer deferred revenue

2,682



2,719


Postretirement benefit liability

836



1,295


Pension liability

1,087



1,576


Deferred income taxes

1,594



828


Other

981



1,010


Total other long-term liabilities and deferred credits

25,207



25,143


Stockholders' equity

11,301



10,042


Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

52,199



$

49,024


UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)


(In millions)

Nine Months Ended

September 30,


2019


2018

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:




Net cash provided by operating activities

$

5,728



$

5,035






Cash Flows from Investing Activities:




Capital expenditures

(3,336)



(2,496)


Purchases of short-term and other investments

(2,168)



(1,975)


Proceeds from sale of short-term and other investments

2,282



1,979


Investment in affiliates

(36)



(139)


Proceeds from sale of property and equipment

47



30


Loans made to others

(10)



(10)


Other, net

(10)



104


Net cash used in investing activities

(3,231)



(2,507)






Cash Flows from Financing Activities:




Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

1,109



1,241


Payments of long-term debt

(726)



(1,519)


Repurchases of common stock

(1,431)



(1,010)


Principal payments under finance leases

(105)



(57)


Capitalized financing costs

(51)



(31)


Other, net

(29)



(17)


Net cash used in financing activities

(1,233)



(1,393)


Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

1,264



1,135


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of the period

1,799



1,591


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of the period

$

3,063



$

2,726






Investing and Financing Activities Not Affecting Cash:




Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt

$

306



$

125


Operating lease conversions to finance lease

36



52


Right-of-use assets acquired through operating leases

344



537


Property and equipment acquired through finance leases

8




UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

RETURN ON INVESTED CAPITAL (ROIC)—Non-GAAP


ROIC is a non-GAAP financial measure that UAL believes provides useful supplemental information for management and investors by measuring the effectiveness of the company's operations' use of invested capital to generate profits.


(in millions)

Twelve Months Ended

September 30, 2019

Net Operating Profit After Tax ("NOPAT")


Pre-tax income

$

3,623


Adjustments:


Special charges and mark-to-market ("MTM") gains on financial instruments:


Impairment of assets

301


Termination of a maintenance service agreement

64


Severance and benefit costs

21


MTM gains on financial instruments

(128)


(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges

31


Pre-tax income excluding special charges and MTM gains on financial instruments (Non-GAAP)

3,912


add: Interest expense (net of income tax benefit) (a)

739


add: Interest component of capitalized aircraft rent (net of income tax benefit) (a)

163


add: Net interest on pension (net of income tax benefit) (a)

(14)


less: Income taxes paid

(22)


NOPAT (Non-GAAP)

$

4,778






Average Invested Capital (five-quarter average)


Total assets

$

50,642


less: Non-interest bearing liabilities (b)

(17,823)


Average invested capital (Non-GAAP)

$

32,819




ROIC (Non-GAAP)

14.6

%



(a)

Income tax benefit measured based on the effective cash tax rate. The effective cash tax rate is calculated by dividing cash taxes paid by pre-tax income excluding special charges and MTM gains on financial instruments. For the twelve months ended September 30, 2019, the effective cash tax rate was 0.6%.

(b)

Non-interest bearing liabilities include advance ticket sales, frequent flyer deferred revenue, deferred income taxes and other non-interest bearing liabilities.

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION


(A) UAL evaluates its financial performance utilizing various accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and Non-GAAP financial measures, including adjusted operating income (loss), adjusted operating margin, adjusted pre-tax income (loss), adjusted pre-tax margin, adjusted net income (loss), adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share and CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing, among others. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL believes that adjusting for MTM gains and losses on financial instruments is useful to investors because those unrealized gains or losses may not ultimately be realized on a cash basis. UAL believes that adjusting for interest expense related to finance leases of Embraer ERJ 145 aircraft is useful to investors because of the accelerated recognition of interest expense.


CASM is a common metric used in the airline industry to measure an airline's cost structure and efficiency. UAL reports CASM excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL also believes that excluding third-party business expenses, such as maintenance, ground handling and catering services for third parties and fuel sales, provides more meaningful disclosure because these expenses are not directly related to UAL's core business. UAL also believes that excluding fuel costs from certain measures is useful to investors because it provides an additional measure of management's performance excluding the effects of a significant cost item over which management has limited influence. UAL excludes profit sharing because this exclusion allows investors to better understand and analyze our operating cost performance and provides a more meaningful comparison of our core operating costs to the airline industry.


Reconciliations of reported non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are included below.



Three Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/


Nine Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/


2019


2018


(Decrease)


2019


2018


(Decrease)

CASM (cents)












Cost per available seat mile (CASM) (GAAP)

13.20



13.32



(0.9)



13.52



13.67



(1.1)


Special charges (B)

0.04



0.02



NM



0.05



0.09



NM


Third-party business expenses

0.07



0.04



75.0



0.06



0.04



50.0


Fuel expense

3.05



3.49



(12.6)



3.13



3.36



(6.8)


Profit sharing, including taxes

0.24



0.17



41.2



0.17



0.12



41.7


CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing (Non-GAAP)

9.80



9.60



2.1



10.11



10.06



0.5



NM Not Meaningful

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)



Three Months Ended

September 30,


$

Increase/


%

Increase/


Nine Months Ended

September 30,


$

Increase/


%

Increase/

(in millions)

2019


2018


(Decrease)


(Decrease)


2019


2018


(Decrease)


(Decrease)

Operating expenses (GAAP)

$

9,907



$

9,816



$

91



0.9



$

28,931



$

28,218



$

713



2.5


Special charges (B)

27



17



10



NM



116



186



(70)



NM


Operating expenses, excluding special charges

9,880



9,799



81



0.8



28,815



28,032



783



2.8


Adjusted to exclude:
















Third-party business expenses

49



29



20



69.0



120



89



31



34.8


Fuel expense

2,296



2,572



(276)



(10.7)



6,704



6,927



(223)



(3.2)


Profit sharing, including taxes

174



127



47



37.0



368



252



116



46.0


Adjusted operating expenses (Non-GAAP)

$

7,361



$

7,071



$

290



4.1



$

21,623



$

20,764



$

859



4.1


















Operating income (GAAP)

$

1,473



$

1,187



$

286



24.1



$

3,440



$

2,594



$

846



32.6


Adjusted to exclude:
















Special charges (B)

27



17



10



NM



116



186



(70)



NM


Adjusted operating income (Non-GAAP)

$

1,500



$

1,204



$

296



24.6



$

3,556



$

2,780



$

776



27.9


















Pre-tax income (GAAP)

$

1,349



$

1,058



$

291



27.5



$

3,070



$

2,095



$

975



46.5


Adjusted to exclude:
















Special charges (B)

27



17



10



NM



116



186



(70)



NM


MTM (gains) losses on financial instruments (B)

(21)



(29)



8



NM



(72)



61



(133)



NM


Interest expense on ERJ 145 finance leases (C)

22



13



9



NM



68



13



55



NM


Adjusted pre-tax income (Non-GAAP)

$

1,377



$

1,059



$

318



30.0



$

3,182



$

2,355



$

827



35.1


















Net income (GAAP)

$

1,024



$

833



$

191



22.9



$

2,368



$

1,661



$

707.0



42.6


Adjusted to exclude:
















Special charges (B)

27



17



10



NM



116



186



(70)



NM


MTM (gains) losses on financial instruments (B)

(21)



(29)



8



NM



(72)



61



(133)



NM


Interest expense on ERJ 145 finance leases (C)

22



13



9



NM



68



13



55



NM


Income tax expense (benefit) related to adjustments above

(6)





(6)



NM



(25)



(58)



33



NM


Adjusted net income (Non-GAAP)

$

1,046



$

834



$

212



25.4



$

2,455



$

1,863



$

592



31.8


















Diluted earnings per share (GAAP)

$

3.99



$

3.05



$

0.94



30.8



$

9.04



$

5.98



$

3.06



51.2


Adjusted to exclude:
















Special charges (B)

0.10



0.06



0.04



NM



0.44



0.67



(0.23)



NM


MTM (gains) losses on financial instruments (B)

(0.08)



(0.11)



0.03



NM



(0.27)



0.22



(0.49)



NM


Interest expense on ERJ 145 finance leases (C)

0.08



0.05



0.03



NM



0.26



0.05



0.21



NM


Income tax benefit related to adjustments

(0.02)





(0.02)



NM



(0.10)



(0.22)



0.12



NM


Adjusted diluted earnings per share (Non-GAAP)

$

4.07



$

3.05



$

1.02



33.4



$

9.37



$

6.70



$

2.67



39.9



NM Not Meaningful

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)


UAL believes that adjusting capital expenditures for assets acquired through the issuance of debt and finance leases is useful to investors in order to appropriately reflect the total amounts spent on capital expenditures. UAL also believes that adjusting net cash provided by operating activities for capital expenditures and adjusted capital expenditures is useful to allow investors to evaluate the company's ability to generate cash that is available for debt service or general corporate initiatives.



Three Months Ended

September 30,


Nine Months Ended

September 30,

Capital Expenditures (in millions)

2019


2018


2019


2018

Capital expenditures (GAAP)

$

869



$

825



$

3,336



$

2,496


Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt

86





306



125


Property and equipment acquired through finance leases





8




Adjusted capital expenditures (Non-GAAP)

$

955



$

825



$

3,650



$

2,621










Free Cash Flow (in millions)








Net cash provided by operating activities (GAAP)

$

1,103



$

883



$

5,728



$

5,035


Less capital expenditures

869



825



3,336



2,496


Free cash flow, net of financings (Non-GAAP)

$

234



$

58



$

2,392



$

2,539










Net cash provided by operating activities (GAAP)

$

1,103



$

883



$

5,728



$

5,035


Less adjusted capital expenditures (Non-GAAP)

955



825



3,650



2,621


Free cash flow (Non-GAAP)

$

148



$

58



$

2,078



$

2,414


UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

NOTES (UNAUDITED)


(B) Special charges and MTM gains and losses on financial instruments include the following:



Three Months Ended

September 30,


Nine Months Ended

September 30,

(In millions)

2019


2018


2019


2018

Operating:








Severance and benefit costs

$

2



$

9



$

14



$

34


Impairment of assets



11



69



145


(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges

25



(3)



33



7


Total special charges

27



17



116



186


Nonoperating MTM (gains) losses on financial instruments

(21)



(29)



(72)



61


Total special charges and MTM (gains) losses on financial instruments

6



(12)



44



247


Income tax expense (benefit) related to special charges and MTM (gains) losses on financial instruments

(2)



3



(10)



(55)


Total special charges and MTM (gains) losses on financial instruments, net of income taxes

$

4



$

(9)



$

34



$

192



Severance and benefit costs: During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the company recorded $2 million and $12 million, respectively, of management severance. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the company recorded $2 million of severance and benefit costs related to a voluntary early-out program for its technicians and related employees represented by the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. In the first quarter of 2017, approximately 1,000 technicians and related employees elected to voluntarily separate from the company and received a severance payment, with a maximum value of $100,000 per participant, based on years of service, with retirement dates through early 2019.


During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the company recorded $5 million and $19 million, respectively, of severance and benefit costs related to the voluntary early-out program for its technicians and related employees, and $4 million and $15 million, respectively, of management severance.


Impairment of assets: During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the company recorded a $47 million impairment for aircraft engines removed from operations, an $8 million fair value adjustment for aircraft purchased off lease, a $6 million charge for the early termination of several regional aircraft finance leases and $8 million in other miscellaneous impairments.


In May 2018, the Brazil–United States open skies agreement was ratified, which provides air carriers with unrestricted access between the United States and Brazil. The company determined that the approval of the open skies agreement impaired the entire value of its Brazil route authorities because the agreement removed all limitations or reciprocity requirements for flights between the United States and Brazil. Accordingly, the company recorded a $105 million special charge to write off the entire value of the intangible asset associated with its Brazil routes. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the company also recorded $11 million and $40 million, respectively, of fair value adjustments related to aircraft purchased off lease, write-off of unexercised aircraft purchase options and other impairments related to certain fleet types and international slots no longer in use.


(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges. During the three months ended September 30, 2019, the company recorded charges of $18 million for the settlement of certain legal matters and $15 million related to a contract termination, as well as an $8 million gain primarily related to the sale and disposition of certain assets. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the company recorded $8 million of losses on the sale of assets.


During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the company recorded $3 million of gains primarily related to the sale of aircraft engines and $7 million of losses primarily related to contract termination of regional aircraft operations in Guam, respectively.


MTM gains and losses on financial instruments: During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the company recorded gains of $25 million and $77 million, respectively, for the change in market value of certain of its equity investments, primarily Azul Linhas Aéreas Brasileiras S.A.. Also, during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the company recorded losses of $4 million and $5 million, respectively, for the change in fair value of certain derivative assets related to equity of Avianca Holdings S.A. For equity investments and derivative assets subject to MTM accounting, the company records gains and losses as part of Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net in its statements of consolidated operations.


During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the company recorded gains of $29 million and losses of $61 million, respectively, for the change in market value of certain of its equity investments.


(C) Interest expense related to finance leases of Embraer ERJ 145 aircraft


During the third quarter of 2018, United entered into an agreement with the lessor of 54 Embraer ERJ 145 aircraft to purchase those aircraft in 2019. The provisions of the new lease agreement resulted in a change in accounting classification of these new leases from operating leases to finance leases up until the purchase date. As a result of this change, the company recognized $22 million and $68 million, respectively, of additional interest expense in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, and $13 million of additional interest expense in the third quarter of 2018.


(D) Effective tax rate


The company's effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 was 24.1% and 22.9%, respectively. The effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 was 21.3% and 20.7%, respectively. The effective tax rate represents a blend of federal, state and foreign taxes and includes the impact of certain nondeductible items and the impact of a change in the company's mix of domestic and foreign earnings.

SOURCE United Airlines

For further information: United Airlines Worldwide Media Relations, +1-872-825-8640, media.relations@united.com

United Releases Second-Quarter Financial Results; Expects Profitability* in the Third Quarter and Beyond

Airline projects positive adjusted pre-tax income(1) in second half of 2021
July 20, 2021

CHICAGO, July 20, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- United Airlines (UAL) today announced second-quarter 2021 financial results. The company now expects positive adjusted pre-tax income¹ in the third and fourth quarters of 2021 as travel demand rebounds.

The company's second quarter performance largely exceeded original expectations as international long haul and business travel accelerated even faster than anticipated, together with continued yield improvement. Looking ahead, the company expects continued gains as more businesses return by end of summer and into 2022, with a full recovery in demand anticipated by 2023.

"Thanks to the professionalism and perseverance of the United employees who have worked so hard to take care of our customers through the pandemic, our airline has reached a meaningful turning point: we're expecting to be back to making a profit once again," said United Airlines CEO Scott Kirby. "As we emerge from the most disruptive crisis our company has faced, we're now focused squarely on our United Next strategy that will transform our customers' onboard experience and help fulfill United's incredible potential."

*For purposes of this release, profitability refers to positive adjusted pre-tax income, which is a non-GAAP financial measure calculated as pre-tax income excluding special charges (credits), unrealized gains and losses on investments, net. We are not providing a target for or a reconciliation to pre-tax income, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, because we are unable to predict certain items contained in the GAAP measure without unreasonable efforts.

Second Quarter Financial Results

  • Reported second quarter 2021 capacity down 46% compared to second quarter 2019.
  • Reported second quarter 2021 net loss of $0.4 billion, adjusted net loss3 of $1.3 billion.
  • Reported second quarter 2021 total operating revenue of $5.5 billion, down 52% compared to second quarter 2019.
  • Reported second quarter 2021 Total Revenue per Available Seat Mile (TRASM) of down 11.3% compared to second quarter 2019.
  • Reported second quarter 2021 operating expenses down 42%, down 32% excluding special charges (credits)4, compared to second quarter 2019.
  • Reported second quarter 2021 pre-tax margin of negative 10.3%, negative 29.2% on an adjusted5 basis.
  • Reported second quarter 2021 adjusted Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA) margin6 of negative 10.7%.
  • Raised secured financing collateralized by substantially all of United's network of slots, routes, and gates — made up of $4 billion in a private offering of bonds, a $5 billion term loan, and a $1.75 billion revolving credit facility. This is a first of its kind financing and the largest non-merger financing transaction in airline history.
  • Reported second quarter 2021 ending available liquidity7 of approximately $23 billion.

Outlook

  • Expects third quarter 2021 capacity to be down around 26% compared to third quarter 2019, up 39% quarter over quarter.
  • Based on current trends, the company expects third quarter 2021 TRASM growth to be positive compared to the third quarter 2019, the first quarter of positive TRASM growth since the second quarter of 2020.
  • Expects third quarter 2021 cost per available seat mile, excluding fuel, profit sharing, third-party business expenses, and special charges (CASM-ex)2 to be up approximately 17% compared to third quarter 2019 (includes a 6-point headwind largely driven by lower stage length and lower gauge of our network, including the temporary grounding of 52 Boeing Pratt & Whitney powered 777 widebody aircraft).
  • Third quarter 2021 estimated fuel price of approximately $2.17 per gallon.
  • Expects third quarter 2021 adjusted pre-tax income1 to be positive, the first quarter of positive adjusted pre-tax income since fourth quarter 2019. Additionally, expects fourth quarter 2021 adjusted pre-tax income1 to be positive.
  • Expects 2022 cost per available seat mile, excluding fuel, profit sharing, third-party business expenses, and special charges (CASM-ex)2 to be lower than 2019.

Key Highlights

  • Announced the purchase of 270 new Boeing and Airbus aircraft – the largest combined order in the airline's history and the biggest by an individual carrier in the last decade.
  • As part of "United Next" announced plans to retrofit 100% of the mainline, narrow-body fleet to transform the customer experience and create a new signature interior with a roughly 75% increase in premium seats per departure, larger overhead bins, seatback entertainment in every seat and the industry's fastest available WiFi.
  • Established a new diversity goal by striving to have 50% of students at the new United Aviate Academy be women and people of color.
  • Launched the first-of-its-kind Eco-Skies Alliance℠ program through which corporate customers contributed to the purchase of approximately 3.4 million gallons of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) in 2021.
  • Entered into a commercial agreement with Denver-based aerospace company Boom Supersonic to add aircraft to United's global fleet as well as a cooperative sustainability initiative — a move that facilitates a leap forward in returning supersonic speeds to aviation.
  • Provided customers the ability to schedule COVID-19 tests and have results reviewed in advance through United's industry-leading Travel-Ready Center.
  • Teamed up with more than a dozen new environmental, nonprofit partners to strengthen the company's sustainability commitment to become 100% green by reducing its greenhouse gas emissions 100% by 2050.
  • Launched a new, corporate venture fund – United Airlines Ventures – which will allow the airline to continue investing in emerging companies that have the potential to influence the future of travel.
  • Offered loyalty program members the chance to win free flights for a year's worth of travel through "Your Shot to Fly" sweepstakes to encourage COVID-19 vaccinations in support of the Biden administration's national effort to encourage people to get vaccinated.
  • Announced a first-of-its-kind collaboration to use Abbott's BinaxNOW™ COVID-19 Home Test and Abbott's NAVICA app to help make the international travel experience more seamless.

Taking Care of Our Customers

  • Introduced three new promotions that let eligible MileagePlus® Premier® members "Pick Your Path" depending on their upcoming travel plan giving members the chance to fast track their Premier status or earn bonus miles.
  • Expanded beer, wine, and snacks to nearly all flights over two hours including new options like White Claw® Hard Seltzer, Breckenridge Brewery Juice Drop Hazy IPA, and Kona Brewing Co. Big Wave Golden Ale.

Reimagining the Route Network

  • Announced seven new domestic routes and three new international routes and launched 39 domestic routes and five international routes, with 10 more international routes planned to launch in 2021.
  • New route announcements included Dubrovnik, Croatia to Newark/New York; Athens, Greece to Washington, D.C.; and Reykjavik, Iceland to Chicago.
  • New route launches included two new long-haul international routes from Accra, Ghana to Washington, DC, and Johannesburg, South Africa to Newark/New York, and three new routes to Hawaii including Maui/Kahului to Newark/New York, Honolulu to Orange County, and Kona to Chicago.
  • Resumed nonstop service on 33 domestic routes and 14 international routes compared to the first quarter of 2021.
  • Compared to March 2021, United had nonstop service in 55 more domestic and 24 more international routes in June 2021.
  • Announced plans to fly roughly 80% of its full schedule in July 2021 compared to July 2019.

Assisting the Communities We Serve

  • Announced a program with the Golden State Warriors to launch the Franchise Fund, a program designed to support minority-owned Bay Area small businesses.
  • More than 5 million miles donated from United's customers to charities in need of travel through United's Miles on a Mission program.
  • Over 18,200 pounds of food and beverages ($66,400 value) donated to local food banks.
  • Over $326,000 raised for Airlink, World Central Kitchen, Americares, and Global Giving via CrowdRising to support COVID-19 relief efforts in India, including a $40,000 donation by United Airlines.

Additional Noteworthy Accomplishments

  • Celebrated the 40th anniversary of the MileagePlus program by giving away 4 million miles to essential healthcare workers.
  • Recently redesigned United mobile app was voted the Best Travel App in the 25th annual Webby Awards.
  • Joined forces with Chase and Visa to offer eligible United MileagePlus Visa cardmembers the ability to earn five total miles for every dollar donated to select charities supporting the LGBTQ+ community.
  • Became the first corporation in at least five years to be presented with the "Volunteer Group of the Year" award from Food Bank of the Rockies. Also, helped Food Bank of the Rockies raise the equivalent of 30,400 meals via a fundraiser.
  • In the second quarter of 2021, through a combination of cargo-only flights and passenger flights, United has transported nearly 298 million pounds of freight, which includes nearly 48 million pounds of vital shipments, such as medical kits, PPE, pharmaceuticals, and medical equipment, and more than 765,000 pounds of military mail and packages.
  • In the second quarter of 2021, there was an uptick in COVID-19 vaccine shipments, where United shipped 225,000 pounds of vaccines.

_________________________________________________________________________

1. Adjusted pre-tax income is a non-GAAP financial measure calculated as pre-tax income excluding special charges (credits), unrealized (gains) losses on investments, net. We are not providing a target for or a reconciliation to pre-tax income, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, because we are unable to predict certain items contained in the GAAP measure without unreasonable efforts.

2. CASM-ex (adjusted operating expense per available seat mile) is a non-GAAP measure that excludes fuel, profit sharing, third-party business expense and special charges. We are not providing a target or reconciliation to CASM, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, because we are unable to predict certain items contained in the GAAP measure without unreasonable efforts.

3. Excludes special charges (credits), unrealized (gains) losses on investments, net, debt extinguishment and modification fees and special termination benefits. Reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are included in the tables accompanying this release.

4. Excludes operating special charges (credits). Reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are included in the tables accompanying this release. Second quarter 2019 operating expenses were $9.859 billion, excluding $71 million of special charges. 

5. Adjusted to exclude special charges (credits), unrealized (gains) losses on investments, net, debt extinguishment and modification fees and special termination benefits. Reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are included in the tables accompanying this release.

6. Adjusted EBITDA margin is a non-GAAP financial measure calculated as Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA), excluding special charges and unrealized (gains) losses on investments, divided by total operating revenue. Reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are included in the tables accompanying this release.

7. Includes cash, cash equivalents, short-term investments and undrawn credit facilities.

Earnings Call

UAL will hold a conference call to discuss second-quarter 2021 financial results as well as its financial and operational outlook for the third-quarter 2021 and beyond, on Wednesday, July 21, at 9:30 a.m. CT/10:30 a.m. ET. A live, listen-only webcast of the conference call will be available at ir.united.com.

The webcast will be available for replay within 24 hours of the conference call and then archived on the website for three months.

About United

United's shared purpose is "Connecting People. Uniting the World." For more information, visit united.com, follow @United on Twitter and Instagram or connect on Facebook. The common stock of United's parent, United Airlines Holdings, Inc., is traded on the Nasdaq under the symbol "UAL".

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: Certain statements in this release, including statements regarding our outlook for the remainder of 2021, 2022 and 2023, are forward-looking and thus reflect our current expectations and beliefs with respect to certain current and future events and anticipated financial and operating performance. Such forward-looking statements are and will be subject to many risks and uncertainties relating to our operations and business environment that may cause actual results to differ materially from any future results expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. Words such as "expects," "will," "plans," "intends," "anticipates," "indicates," "remains," "believes," "estimates," "forecast," "guidance," "outlook," "goals," "targets" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Additionally, forward-looking statements include statements that do not relate solely to historical facts, such as conditional statements, statements which identify uncertainties or trends, discuss the possible future effects of current known trends or uncertainties, or which indicate that the future effects of known trends or uncertainties cannot be predicted, guaranteed or assured. All forward-looking statements in this release are based upon information available to us on the date of this release. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. Our actual results could differ materially from these forward-looking statements due to numerous factors including, without limitation, the following: the adverse impacts of the ongoing COVID-19 global pandemic, and possible outbreaks of another disease or similar public health threat in the future, on our business, operating results, financial condition, liquidity and near-term and long-term strategic operating plan, including possible additional adverse impacts resulting from the duration and spread of the pandemic; unfavorable economic and political conditions in the United States and globally; the highly competitive nature of the global airline industry and susceptibility of the industry to price discounting and changes in capacity; high and/or volatile fuel prices or significant disruptions in the supply of aircraft fuel; our reliance on technology and automated systems to operate our business and the impact of any significant failure or disruption of, or failure to effectively integrate and implement, the technology or systems; our reliance on third-party service providers and the impact of any significant failure of these parties to perform as expected, or interruptions in our relationships with these providers or their provision of services; adverse publicity, harm to our brand; reduced travel demand, potential tort liability and voluntary or mandatory operational restrictions as a result of an accident, catastrophe or incident involving us, our regional carriers, our codeshare partners, or another airline; terrorist attacks, international hostilities or other security events, or the fear of terrorist attacks or hostilities, even if not made directly on the airline industry; increasing privacy and data security obligations or a significant data breach; disruptions to our regional network and United Express flights provided by third-party regional carriers; the failure of our significant investments in other airlines, equipment manufacturers and other aviation industry participants to produce the returns or results we expect; further changes to the airline industry with respect to alliances and joint business arrangements or due to consolidations; changes in our network strategy or other factors outside our control resulting in less economic aircraft orders, costs related to modification or termination of aircraft orders or entry into less favorable aircraft orders, as well as any inability to accept or integrate new aircraft into our fleet as planned; our reliance on single suppliers to source a majority of our aircraft and certain parts, and the impact of any failure to obtain timely deliveries, additional equipment or support from any of these suppliers; the impacts of union disputes, employee strikes or slowdowns, and other labor-related disruptions on our operations; extended interruptions or disruptions in service at major airports where we operate; the impacts of seasonality and other factors associated with the airline industry; our failure to realize the full value of our intangible assets or our long-lived assets, causing us to record impairments; any damage to our reputation or brand image; the limitation of our ability to use our net operating loss carryforwards and certain other tax attributes to offset future taxable income for U.S. federal income tax purposes; the costs of compliance with extensive government regulation of the airline industry; costs, liabilities and risks associated with environmental regulation and climate change; the impacts of our significant amount of financial leverage from fixed obligations, the possibility we may seek material amounts of additional financial liquidity in the short-term and the impacts of insufficient liquidity on our financial condition and business; failure to comply with the covenants in the MileagePlus financing agreements, resulting in the possible acceleration of the MileagePlus indebtedness, foreclosure upon the collateral securing the MileagePlus indebtedness or the exercise of other remedies; failure to comply with financial and other covenants governing our other debt; changes in, or failure to retain, our senior management team or other key employees; current or future litigation and regulatory actions, or failure to comply with the terms of any settlement, order or arrangement relating to these actions; increases in insurance costs or inadequate insurance coverage; and other risks and uncertainties set forth under Part II, Item 1A., "Risk Factors," of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, as well as other risks and uncertainties set forth from time to time in the reports we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

-tables attached-

 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED) 






Three Months Ended

June 30,


%

Increase/

(Decrease)



Six Months Ended

June 30,


%

Increase/

(Decrease)


(In millions, except per share data)


2021


2020




2021


2020



Operating revenue:















Passenger revenue


$

4,366



$

681



541.1




$

6,682



$

7,746



(13.7)



Cargo


606



402



50.7




1,103



666



65.6



Other operating revenue


499



392



27.3




907



1,042



(13.0)



Total operating revenue


5,471



1,475



270.9




8,692



9,454



(8.1)


















Operating expense:















Salaries and related costs


2,276



2,170



4.9




4,500



5,125



(12.2)



Aircraft fuel


1,232



240



413.3




2,083



1,966



6.0



Depreciation and amortization


620



618



0.3




1,243



1,233



0.8



Landing fees and other rent


564



429



31.5




1,083



1,052



2.9



Regional capacity purchase


547



388



41.0




1,026



1,125



(8.8)



Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs


302



110



174.5




571



544



5.0



Distribution expenses


139



31



348.4




224



326



(31.3)



Aircraft rent


52



47



10.6




107



97



10.3



Special charges (credits)


(948)



(1,449)



NM




(2,325)



(1,386)



NM



Other operating expenses


957



528



81.3




1,831



1,981



(7.6)



Total operating expense


5,741



3,112



84.5




10,343



12,063



(14.3)


















Operating loss


(270)



(1,637)



(83.5)




(1,651)



(2,609)



(36.7)


















Nonoperating income (expense):















Interest expense


(426)



(196)



117.3




(779)



(367)



112.3



Interest capitalized


22



17



29.4




39



38



2.6



Interest income


12



11



9.1




19



37



(48.6)



Unrealized gains (losses) on investments, net


147



9



NM




125



(310)



NM



Miscellaneous, net


(49)



(207)



(76.3)




(68)



(906)



(92.5)



Total nonoperating expense, net


(294)



(366)



(19.7)




(664)



(1,508)



(56.0)


















Loss before income tax benefit


(564)



(2,003)



(71.8)




(2,315)



(4,117)



(43.8)


















Income tax benefit


(130)



(376)



(65.4)




(524)



(786)



(33.3)



Net loss


$

(434)



$

(1,627)



(73.3)




$

(1,791)



$

(3,331)



(46.2)


















Diluted loss per share


$

(1.34)



$

(5.79)



(76.9)




$

(5.60)



$

(12.59)



(55.5)



Diluted weighted average shares


323.6



280.7



15.3




320.1



264.6



21.0


















NM Not meaningful















 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

PASSENGER REVENUE INFORMATION AND STATISTICS


Passenger revenue information is as follows (in millions, except for percentage changes):



2Q 2021

Passenger

Revenue


Passenger

Revenue

vs.

2Q 2020


PRASM vs.
2Q 2020


PRASM vs.
2Q 2019


Yield vs.
2Q 2020


Available

Seat Miles

vs.

2Q 2020


Available

Seat Miles

vs.

2Q 2019


2Q 2021
Available
Seat Miles


2Q 2021
Revenue
Passenger
Miles

Domestic

$

3,288



506.6%


57.0%


(15.7%)


(32.7%)


286.1%


(40.4%)


24,717


20,587



















Atlantic

323



466.7%


14.4%


(61.0%)


(35.2%)


396.3%


(57.0%)


6,065


2,827

Pacific

132



288.2%


42.7%


(48.8%)


13.8%


172.1%


(77.3%)


2,438


587

Latin America

623



1,197.9%


(10.1%)


(23.4%)


(44.8%)


1,343.1%


(7.2%)


6,393


4,513

International

1,078



675.5%


33.3%


(41.6%)


(32.8%)


481.6%


(53.1%)


14,896


7,927



















Consolidated

$

4,366



541.1%


45.0%


(23.0%)


(33.2%)


342.0%


(45.9%)


39,613


28,514



















 

Select operating statistics are as follows:




Three Months Ended

June 30,


%

Increase/

(Decrease)



Six Months Ended

June 30,


%

Increase/

(Decrease)




2021


2020




2021


2020



Passengers (thousands)


23,909



2,813



749.9




38,583



33,172



16.3



Revenue passenger miles (millions)


28,514



2,970



860.1




45,762



46,199



(0.9)



Available seat miles (millions)


39,613



8,963



342.0




69,983



69,901



0.1



Passenger load factor:















    Consolidated


72.0

%


33.1

%


38.9


pts.


65.4

%


66.1

%


(0.7)


pts.

    Domestic


83.3

%


35.7

%


47.6


pts.


75.4

%


65.6

%


9.8


pts.

    International


53.2

%


26.8

%


26.4


pts.


48.8

%


66.8

%


(18.0)


pts.

Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents)


11.02



7.60



45.0




9.55



11.08



(13.8)



Total revenue per available seat mile (cents)


13.81



16.46



(16.1)




12.42



13.52



(8.1)



Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents)


15.31



22.93



(33.2)




14.60



16.77



(12.9)



Cargo revenue ton miles (millions)


892



496



79.8




1,657



1,191



39.1



Aircraft in fleet at end of period


1,315



1,307



0.6




1,315



1,307



0.6



Average stage length (miles)


1,309



1,075



21.8




1,297



1,347



(3.7)



Employee headcount, as of June 30 (in thousands) (a)


84.4



91.8



(8.1)




84.4



91.8



(8.1)



Average aircraft fuel price per gallon


$

1.97



$

1.18



66.9




$

1.87



$

1.76



6.3



Fuel gallons consumed (millions)


625



204



206.4




1,115



1,114



0.1



(a) The 2021 employee headcount includes approximately 4,500 employees who participated in the Company's voluntary leave programs


























Note: See Part II, Item 6, Selected Financial Data, of UAL's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, for definitions of these statistics.       

 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION

UAL evaluates its financial performance utilizing various accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and Non-GAAP financial measures, including adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (adjusted EBITDA), adjusted operating income (loss), adjusted operating margin, adjusted pre-tax income (loss), adjusted pre-tax margin, adjusted net income (loss), adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share, CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing (CASM-ex), and operating expenses excluding special charges, among others. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges (credits), nonoperating debt extinguishment and modification fees, nonoperating special termination benefits and settlement losses and nonoperating credit losses is useful to investors because these items are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL believes that adjusting for unrealized (gains) losses on investments, net is useful to investors because those unrealized gains or losses may not ultimately be realized on a cash basis.

CASM is a common metric used in the airline industry to measure an airline's cost structure and efficiency. UAL reports CASM excluding special charges (credits), third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges (credits) is useful to investors because special charges (credits) are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL also believes that excluding third-party business expenses, such as maintenance, ground handling and catering services for third parties, provides more meaningful disclosure because these expenses are not directly related to UAL's core business. UAL also believes that excluding fuel costs from certain measures is useful to investors because it provides an additional measure of management's performance excluding the effects of a significant cost item over which management has limited influence. UAL excludes profit sharing because this exclusion allows investors to better understand and analyze our operating cost performance and provides a more meaningful comparison of our core operating costs to the airline industry.

Reconciliations of reported non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are included below.                          



Three Months Ended

June 30,


Six Months Ended

June 30,


Year Ended
December 31,



2021


2020


2019


2021


2020


2019


2019

CASM (cents)















Cost per available seat mile (CASM) (GAAP)


14.49



34.72



13.56



14.78



17.26



13.70



13.67

Special charges (credits)


(2.40)



(16.17)



0.10



(3.32)



(1.98)



0.07



0.09

Third-party business expenses


0.08



0.65



0.05



0.08



0.15



0.05



0.06

Fuel expense


3.11



2.68



3.26



2.97



2.81



3.17



3.14

Profit sharing






0.22







0.14



0.17

CASM, excluding special charges (credits), third-party business
   expenses, fuel, and profit sharing (Non-GAAP)


13.70



47.56



9.93



15.05



16.28



10.27



10.21



Adjusted EBITDA

June


Three Months Ended June 30,


Six  Months Ended June 30,


2021


2021


2020


2019


2021


2020


2019

Net income (loss)

$

183



$

(434)



$

(1,627)



$

1,052



$

(1,791)



$

(3,331)



1,344


Adjusted for:














Depreciation and amortization

207



620



618



560



1,243



1,233



1,107


Interest expense, net of capitalized interest and interest income

133



392



168



132



721



292



269


Income tax expense (benefit)

41



(130)



(376)



302



(524)



(786)



377


Special charges (credits)

(245)



(948)



(1,449)



71



(2,325)



(1,386)



89


Nonoperating unrealized (gains) losses on investments, net

(107)



(147)



(9)



(34)



(125)



310



(51)


Nonoperating debt extinguishment and modification fees



62







62






Nonoperating special termination benefits and settlement losses





231





46



231




Nonoperating credit loss on BRW term loan and guarantee











697




Adjusted EBITDA, excluding operating and
nonoperating special charges (credits) and
unrealized (gains) losses on investments

$

212



$

(585)



$

(2,444)



$

2,083



$

(2,693)



$

(2,740)



$

3,135


  Adjusted EBITDA margin

9.2

%


(10.7)

%


(165.7)

%


18.3

%


(31.0)

%


(29.0)

%


14.9

%





























NM Not Meaningful




























 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)

UAL believes that adjusting capital expenditures for assets acquired through the issuance of debt, finance leases and other financial liabilities is useful to investors in order to appropriately reflect the total amounts spent on capital expenditures. UAL also believes that adjusting net cash provided by operating activities for capital expenditures, adjusted capital expenditures, and aircraft operating lease additions is useful to allow investors to evaluate the company's ability to generate cash that is available for debt service or general corporate initiatives.


Three Months Ended

June 30,


Six Months Ended

June 30,

Capital Expenditures (in millions)

2021


2020


2021


2020

Capital expenditures, net of flight equipment purchase deposit returns (GAAP)

$

861



$

39



$

1,305



$

1,998


Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt, finance leases,
and other financial liabilities

252



498



761



626


Adjustment to property and equipment acquired through other financial
liabilities (a)

26



(53)



(14)



(53)


Adjusted capital expenditures (Non-GAAP)

$

1,139



$

484



$

2,052



$

2,571










Free Cash Flow (in millions)








Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities (GAAP)

$

2,675



$

(130)



$

3,122



$

(67)


Less capital expenditures, net of flight equipment purchase deposit returns

861



39



1,305



1,998


Free cash flow, net of financings (Non-GAAP)

$

1,814



$

(169)



$

1,817



$

(2,065)










Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities (GAAP)

$

2,675



$

(130)



$

3,122



$

(67)


Less adjusted capital expenditures (Non-GAAP)

1,139



484



2,052



2,571


Less aircraft operating lease additions

33



12



175



33


Free cash flow (Non-GAAP)

$

1,503



$

(626)



$

895



$

(2,671)










(a) United entered into agreements with third parties to finance through sale and leaseback transactions new Boeing model 787 aircraft and Boeing model 737 MAX aircraft subject to purchase agreements between United and Boeing. In connection with the delivery of each aircraft from Boeing, United assigned its right to purchase such aircraft to the buyer, and simultaneous with the buyer's purchase from Boeing, United entered into a long-term lease for such aircraft with the buyer as lessor. Eleven Boeing model aircraft were delivered in 2021 under these transactions (and each is presently subject to a long-term lease to United). Upon delivery, the company accounted for the aircraft, which have a repurchase option at a price other than fair value, as part of Flight equipment on the company's balance sheet and the related obligation as Other current liabilities and Other financial liabilities from sale-leasebacks (noncurrent) since they do not qualify for sale recognition. If the repurchase option is not exercised, these aircraft will be accounted for as leased assets at the time of the option expiration and the related assets and liabilities will be adjusted to the present value of the remaining lease payments at that time. This adjustment reflects the difference between the recorded amounts and the present value of future lease payments at inception.

 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)



Three Months Ended

June 30,


Increase/

(Decrease)


%

Increase/

(Decrease)


Six Months Ended

June 30,


Increase/

(Decrease)


%

Increase/

(Decrease)

(in millions)

2021


2020



2021


2020


Operating expenses (GAAP)

$

5,741



$

3,112



$

2,629



84.5



$

10,343



$

12,063



$

(1,720)



(14.3)


Special charges (credits)

(948)



(1,449)



(501)



NM



(2,325)



(1,386)



939



NM


Operating expenses, excluding special charges
(credits)

6,689



4,561



2,128



46.7



12,668



13,449



(781)



(5.8)


Adjusted to exclude:
















Third-party business expenses

30



58



(28)



(48.3)



56



102



(46)



(45.1)


Fuel expense

1,232



240



992



413.3



2,083



1,966



117



6.0


Adjusted operating expenses (Non-GAAP)

$

5,427



$

4,263



$

1,164



27.3



$

10,529



$

11,381



$

(852)



(7.5)


















Operating loss (GAAP)

$

(270)



$

(1,637)



$

(1,367)



(83.5)



$

(1,651)



$

(2,609)



(958)



(36.7)


Adjusted to exclude:
















Special charges (credits)

(948)



(1,449)



$

(501)



NM



(2,325)



(1,386)



939



NM


Adjusted operating loss (Non-GAAP)

$

(1,218)



$

(3,086)



$

(1,868)



(60.5)



$

(3,976)



$

(3,995)



$

(19)



(0.5)


















Operating margin

(4.9)

%


(111.0)

%


106.1



pts.



(19.0)

%


(27.6)

%


8.6



pts.


Adjusted operating margin (Non-GAAP)

(22.3)

%


(209.2)

%


186.9



pts.



(45.7)

%


(42.3)

%


(3.4)



pts.


















Pre-tax loss (GAAP)

$

(564)



$

(2,003)



$

(1,439)



(71.8)



$

(2,315)



$

(4,117)



$

(1,802)



(43.8)


Adjusted to exclude:
















Special charges (credits)

(948)



(1,449)



(501)



NM



(2,325)



(1,386)



939



NM


Unrealized (gains) losses on investments, net

(147)



(9)



138



NM



(125)



310



(435)



NM


   Debt extinguishment and modification fees

62





62



NM



62





62



NM


   Special termination benefits

<