United Airlines Reports Second-Quarter 2017 Performance - United Hub

United Airlines Reports Second-Quarter 2017 Performance

July 18, 2017

CHICAGO, July 18, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- United Airlines (UAL) today announced its second-quarter 2017 financial results. 

  • UAL reported second-quarter net income of $818 million, diluted earnings per share of $2.66, pre-tax earnings of $1.3 billion and pre-tax margin of 12.7 percent.
  • Excluding special charges, UAL reported second-quarter net income of $846 million, diluted earnings per share of $2.75, pre-tax earnings of $1.3 billion and pre-tax margin of 13.2 percent.
  • Second-quarter diluted earnings per share increased nearly 50 percent year-over-year; excluding special charges, second-quarter diluted earnings per share increased over 5 percent year-over-year.
  • Delivered the top airline operation among major competitors, including the best completion, on-time arrival and departure performance in the second quarter.

Oscar Munoz, chief executive officer of United Airlines, said, "The positive financial and operational performance this past quarter demonstrates that United is firmly on the right path. From investing in our products and our people, redoubling our focus on the customer experience, closing the margin gap with our peers and delivering strong returns to our investors, we have made important progress and moved United decisively forward. No single quarter constitutes a trend and we still have much further to go before we fully realize the potential of this airline and exceed the expectations of our customers. But, we also know that one success begets another and the strong financial and operating performance we posted this quarter adds to the momentum that all of us here at United are determined to build upon."

Second-Quarter Revenue

For the second quarter of 2017, revenue was $10.0 billion, an increase of $604 million or 6.4 percent year-over-year. Second-quarter 2017 consolidated passenger revenue per available seat mile (PRASM) was up 2.1 percent and consolidated yield increased 2.0 percent compared to the second quarter of 2016. Cargo revenue was $254 million in the second quarter of 2017, an increase of 22.1 percent year-over-year due primarily to higher volumes across the system.

Scott Kirby, president of United Airlines, said, "Second quarter performance was outstanding both financially and operationally. We are incredibly proud that the United team delivered the best operational performance among major competitors during one of our busiest quarters. This impressive quarterly performance was a strong finish to the first half of the year."

Second-Quarter Costs

Operating expense was $8.6 billion in the second quarter, up 3.2 percent year-over-year. Excluding special charges, operating expense was $8.6 billion, an 8.3 percent increase year-over-year. Consolidated unit cost per available seat mile (CASM) decreased 1.0 percent compared to the second quarter of 2016 due largely to lower special charges in 2017, partially offset by higher labor and fuel expense. Second-quarter consolidated CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing, increased 3.1 percent year-over-year, driven mainly by higher labor expense.

Liquidity and Capital Allocation

UAL generated $1.6 billion in operating cash flow and ended the quarter with $6.6 billion in unrestricted liquidity, including $2.0 billion of undrawn commitments under its revolving credit facility. The company's capital expenditures were $1.1 billion in the second quarter. Including assets acquired through the issuance of debt and airport construction financing and excluding fully reimbursable projects, the company invested $1.2 billion during the second quarter in adjusted capital expenditures. Free cash flow, measured as operating cash flow less adjusted capital expenditures, was $314 million for the second quarter. The company contributed $160 million to its pension plans and made debt and capital lease principal payments of $238 million in the second quarter. In the quarter, UAL purchased $0.4 billion of its common shares at an average price of $74.39 per share. As of June 30, 2017, the company had approximately $1.1 billion remaining to purchase shares under its existing share repurchase authority.

For the 12 months ended June 30, 2017, the company's pre-tax income was $3.8 billion and return on invested capital (ROIC) was 17.0 percent.

Andrew Levy, executive vice president and chief financial officer of United Airlines, said, "We are delivering on our commitments to our shareholders. Our margin performance and growth in earnings per share in the quarter demonstrate we are moving in the right direction. We expect our pre-tax margin in the third quarter to be between 12.5 and 14.5 percent."

Fleet Updates

In the second quarter, UAL took delivery of six Boeing 777-300ER aircraft, one used Airbus A319 aircraft and ten Embraer E175 aircraft. UAL announced it will take delivery of four additional Boeing 777-300ER aircraft in 2018. The 777-300ER aircraft feature the company's all-new United Polaris business class, with custom-designed, exclusive-to-United seats and new amenity kits. In addition, the company purchased four Airbus A320 aircraft and three Boeing 757-200 aircraft that it currently operates off lease in the second quarter. With regards to future deliveries, UAL deferred four Airbus A350 aircraft out of 2018 and accelerated 12 Boeing 737 MAX aircraft into 2019 and two 787-10 aircraft within 2019. The company also converted 100 of its current Boeing 737 MAX aircraft orders into Boeing 737 MAX 10 aircraft and expects to take delivery of the aircraft starting in late 2020.

For more information on UAL's third-quarter 2017 guidance, please visit ir.united.com for the company's investor update.

Second-Quarter Highlights

Customer Experience

  • Implemented the majority of the ten changes announced at the end of April to improve overall customer experience including:
    • Increased customer compensation incentives for voluntary denied boarding up to $10,000
    • Established a customer solutions team to provide agents with creative solutions such as using nearby airports, other airlines or ground transportations to get customers to their final destination.
    • Reduced the amount of overbooking, and have seen a 79 percent decrease in involuntary denied boardings in May year-over-year and an 88 percent decrease in June year-over-year.
    • Eliminated the red tape on permanently lost bags by adopting a "no questions asked" policy on lost luggage and paying customers $1,500 for the value of the bag and its contents.
  • Upgraded all flights between Boston and San Francisco to offer its premium transcontinental business class service, including flat-bed seats and enhanced food. Additionally, upgraded amenities on its premium transcontinental business class service between Newark/New York and San Francisco and Newark/New York and Los Angeles, including new menu offerings and custom bedding from Saks Fifth Avenue.
  • Announced the addition of complimentary hot meals and alcoholic beverages for customers traveling in Economy Plus on all premium transcontinental flights.
  • Opened a new Global Reception lobby at Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) as part of the company's more than half a billion dollar renovation effort to reimagine all customer-facing spaces at LAX.
  • During the second quarter, United made enhancements to improve customers' ability to redeem MileagePlus miles.
    • Improved customers' ability to redeem miles by increasing the number of domestic flights with Economy Saver Award availability by 40 percent and expect Saver Award bookings over the summer to continue to increase. 
    • Announced dynamically priced Everyday Award chart and new Saver Award chart which will be effective November 1.

Network

  • The company announced several route and service enhancements including:
    • New international service between Newark/New York and Buenos Aires, Argentina, and between Los Angeles and Singapore, the longest nonstop flight to or from the United States. The company also added a second daily flight between Newark/New York and Bogota, Colombia.
    • Additional service and upgauged aircraft between San Francisco and 18 destinations, including Seattle, Philadelphia and Portland, Oregon.
    • Increased service to Hawaii on 11 routes, offering customers more flights between the mainland and the Hawaiian Islands than any other carrier.
  • Announced improvements to the customer experience at Houston George Bush Intercontinental Airport by offering customers shorter, more convenient connection times and better access to more destinations through "rebanking" of the hub starting in October.

Operations and Employees

  • Employees delivered best completion, on-time departure and arrival performance in company history; as a result, United had fewer cancellations than any major competitor.
  • Expanded responsibilities for several executive leaders to better serve customers, lead employees and focus on becoming the world's leading airline.
  • Employees earned $28 million in bonuses for operational performance.

About United

United Airlines and United Express operate approximately 4,500 flights a day to 338 airports across five continents. In 2016, United and United Express operated more than 1.6 million flights carrying more than 143 million customers. United is proud to have the world's most comprehensive route network, including U.S. mainland hubs in Chicago, Denver, Houston, Los Angeles, Newark/New York, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. United operates 748 mainline aircraft and the airline's United Express carriers operate 475 regional aircraft. The airline is a founding member of Star Alliance, which provides service to more than 190 countries via 28 member airlines. For more information, visit united.com, follow @United on Twitter or connect on Facebook. The common stock of United's parent, United Continental Holdings, Inc., is traded on the NYSE under the symbol "UAL".

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995:
Certain statements included in this release are forward-looking and thus reflect our current expectations and beliefs with respect to certain current and future events and anticipated financial and operating performance. Such forward-looking statements are and will be subject to many risks and uncertainties relating to our operations and business environment that may cause actual results to differ materially from any future results expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. Words such as "expects," "will," "plans," "anticipates," "indicates," "believes," "forecast," "guidance," "outlook," "goals" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Additionally, forward-looking statements include statements that do not relate solely to historical facts, such as statements which identify uncertainties or trends, discuss the possible future effects of current known trends or uncertainties or which indicate that the future effects of known trends or uncertainties cannot be predicted, guaranteed or assured. All forward-looking statements in this release are based upon information available to us on the date of this release. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. Our actual results could differ materially from these forward-looking statements due to numerous factors including, without limitation, the following: our ability to comply with the terms of our various financing arrangements; the costs and availability of financing; our ability to maintain adequate liquidity; our ability to execute our operational plans and revenue-generating initiatives, including optimizing our revenue; our ability to control our costs, including realizing benefits from our resource optimization efforts, cost reduction initiatives and fleet replacement programs; costs associated with any modification or termination of our aircraft orders; our ability to utilize our net operating losses; our ability to attract and retain customers; potential reputational or other impact from adverse events in our operations; demand for transportation in the markets in which we operate; an outbreak of a disease that affects travel demand or travel behavior; demand for travel and the impact that global economic and political conditions have on customer travel patterns; excessive taxation and the inability to offset future taxable income; general economic conditions (including interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, investment or credit market conditions, crude oil prices, costs of aircraft fuel and energy refining capacity in relevant markets); our ability to cost-effectively hedge against increases in the price of aircraft fuel, if we decide to do so; any potential realized or unrealized gains or losses related to fuel or currency hedging programs; economic and political instability and other risks of doing business globally; the effects of any hostilities, act of war or terrorist attack; the ability of other air carriers with whom we have alliances or partnerships to provide the services contemplated by the respective arrangements with such carriers; the effects of any technology failures or cybersecurity breaches; disruptions to our regional network; the costs and availability of aviation and other insurance; industry consolidation or changes in airline alliances; the success of our investments in airlines in other parts of the world; competitive pressures on pricing and on demand; our capacity decisions and the capacity decisions of our competitors; U.S. or foreign governmental legislation, regulation and other actions (including Open Skies agreements and environmental regulations); the impact of regulatory, investigative and legal proceedings and legal compliance risks; the impact of any management changes; labor costs; our ability to maintain satisfactory labor relations and the results of any collective bargaining agreement process with our union groups; any disruptions to operations due to any potential actions by our labor groups; weather conditions; and other risks and uncertainties set forth under Part I, Item 1A., "Risk Factors," of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016, as well as other risks and uncertainties set forth from time to time in the reports we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

-tables attached-

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)

 
   

Three Months Ended

June 30,

 

%

Increase/

(Decrease)

   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

%

Increase/

(Decrease)

 

(In millions, except per share data)

 

2017

 

2016

     

2017

 

2016

   

Operating revenue:

                           

Passenger - Mainline

 

$

7,056

   

$

6,525

   

8.1

     

$

12,887

   

$

12,102

   

6.5

   

Passenger - Regional

 

1,566

   

1,578

   

(0.8)

     

2,909

   

2,991

   

(2.7)

   

Total passenger revenue (B)

 

8,622

   

8,103

   

6.4

     

15,796

   

15,093

   

4.7

   

Cargo

 

254

   

208

   

22.1

     

474

   

402

   

17.9

   

Other operating revenue

 

1,124

   

1,085

   

3.6

     

2,150

   

2,096

   

2.6

   

Total operating revenue

 

10,000

   

9,396

   

6.4

     

18,420

   

17,591

   

4.7

   
                             

Operating expense:

                           

Salaries and related costs

 

2,868

   

2,592

   

10.6

     

5,529

   

5,082

   

8.8

   

Aircraft fuel (C)

 

1,669

   

1,437

   

16.1

     

3,229

   

2,655

   

21.6

   

Regional capacity purchase

 

549

   

551

   

(0.4)

     

1,085

   

1,073

   

1.1

   

Landing fees and other rent

 

541

   

541

   

     

1,085

   

1,066

   

1.8

   

Depreciation and amortization

 

536

   

491

   

9.2

     

1,054

   

970

   

8.7

   

Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs

 

472

   

448

   

5.4

     

926

   

850

   

8.9

   

Distribution expenses

 

362

   

339

   

6.8

     

669

   

642

   

4.2

   

Aircraft rent

 

152

   

175

   

(13.1)

     

331

   

353

   

(6.2)

   

Special charges (D)

 

44

   

434

   

NM

     

95

   

624

   

NM

   

Other operating expenses

 

1,408

   

1,328

   

6.0

     

2,740

   

2,567

   

6.7

   

Total operating expense

 

8,601

   

8,336

   

3.2

     

16,743

   

15,882

   

5.4

   
                             

Operating income

 

1,399

   

1,060

   

32.0

     

1,677

   

1,709

   

(1.9)

   
                             

Operating margin

 

14.0

%

 

11.3

%

 

2.7

 

pts.

 

9.1

%

 

9.7

%

 

(0.6)

 

pts.

Operating margin, excluding special charges (A) (Non-GAAP)

 

14.4

%

 

15.9

%

 

(1.5)

 

pts.

 

9.6

%

 

13.3

%

 

(3.7)

 

pts.

                             

Nonoperating income (expense):

                           

Interest expense

 

(158)

   

(157)

   

0.6

     

(308)

   

(316)

   

(2.5)

   

Interest capitalized

 

21

   

14

   

50.0

     

44

   

28

   

57.1

   

Interest income

 

13

   

9

   

44.4

     

24

   

17

   

41.2

   

Miscellaneous, net (D)

 

(1)

   

5

   

NM

     

(18)

   

(13)

   

38.5

   

Total nonoperating expense

 

(125)

   

(129)

   

(3.1)

     

(258)

   

(284)

   

(9.2)

   
                             

Income before income taxes

 

1,274

   

931

   

36.8

     

1,419

   

1,425

   

(0.4)

   
                             

Pre-tax margin

 

12.7

%

 

9.9

%

 

2.8

 

pts.

 

7.7

%

 

8.1

%

 

(0.4)

 

pts.

Pre-tax margin, excluding special charges and reflecting hedge adjustments (A) (Non-GAAP)

 

13.2

%

 

14.5

%

 

(1.3)

 

pts.

 

8.2

%

 

11.6

%

 

(3.4)

 

pts.

                             

Income tax expense (E)

 

456

   

343

   

32.9

     

505

   

524

   

(3.6)

   

Net income

 

$

818

   

$

588

   

39.1

     

$

914

   

$

901

   

1.4

   
                             

Earnings per share, diluted

 

$

2.66

   

$

1.78

   

49.4

     

$

2.94

   

$

2.63

   

11.8

   

Weighted average shares, diluted

 

308

   

331

   

(6.9)

     

311

   

343

   

(9.3)

   
                             

NM Not meaningful

                           

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

STATISTICS

 
   

Three Months Ended

June 30,

 

%

Increase/

(Decrease)

   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

%

Increase/

(Decrease)

 
   

2017

 

2016

   

2017

 

2016

 

Mainline:

                           

Passengers (thousands)

 

28,084

   

25,639

   

9.5

     

51,909

   

47,916

   

8.3

   

Revenue passenger miles (millions)

 

50,554

   

47,842

   

5.7

     

92,737

   

88,698

   

4.6

   

Available seat miles (millions)

 

60,473

   

57,452

   

5.3

     

113,527

   

108,617

   

4.5

   

Cargo ton miles (millions)

 

828

   

679

   

21.9

     

1,576

   

1,301

   

21.1

   

Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents)

 

11.67

   

11.36

   

2.7

     

11.35

   

11.14

   

1.9

   

Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents)

 

13.96

   

13.64

   

2.3

     

13.90

   

13.64

   

1.9

   

Aircraft in fleet at end of period

 

748

   

720

   

3.9

     

748

   

720

   

3.9

   

Average stage length (miles)

 

1,821

   

1,890

   

(3.7)

     

1,812

   

1,875

   

(3.4)

   

Average daily utilization of each aircraft (hours: minutes)

 

      10:46

   

      10:38

   

1.3

     

       10:16

   

      10:07

   

1.5

   
                             

Regional:

                           

Passengers (thousands)

 

0,163

   

10,777

   

(5.7)

     

19,443

   

20,587

   

(5.6)

   

Revenue passenger miles (millions)

 

5,802

   

6,175

   

(6.0)

     

11,230

   

11,901

   

(5.6)

   

Available seat miles (millions)

 

6,994

   

7,273

   

(3.8)

     

13,748

   

14,381

   

(4.4)

   

Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents)

 

22.39

   

21.70

   

3.2

     

21.16

   

20.80

   

1.7

   

Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents)

 

26.99

   

25.55

   

5.6

     

25.90

   

25.13

   

3.1

   

Aircraft in fleet at end of period

 

475

   

494

   

(3.8)

     

475

   

494

   

(3.8)

   

Average stage length (miles)

 

558

   

565

   

(1.2)

     

565

   

570

   

(0.9)

   
                             

Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):

                           

Passengers (thousands)

 

38,247

   

36,416

   

5.0

     

71,352

   

68,503

   

4.2

   

Revenue passenger miles (millions)

 

56,356

   

54,017

   

4.3

     

103,967

   

100,599

   

3.3

   

Available seat miles (millions)

 

67,467

   

64,725

   

4.2

     

127,275

   

122,998

   

3.5

   

Passenger load factor:

                           

Consolidated

 

83.5

%

 

83.5

%

 

 

pts.

 

81.7

%

 

81.8

%

 

(0.1)

 

pts.

Domestic

 

86.8

%

 

86.5

%

 

0.3

 

pts.

 

85.2

%

 

84.8

%

 

0.4

 

pts.

International

 

79.5

%

 

79.8

%

 

(0.3)

 

pts.

 

77.5

%

 

78.2

%

 

(0.7)

 

pts.

Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents)

 

12.78

   

12.52

   

2.1

     

12.41

   

12.27

   

1.1

   

Total revenue per available seat mile (cents)

 

14.82

   

14.52

   

2.1

     

14.47

   

14.30

   

1.2

   

Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents)

 

15.30

   

15.00

   

2.0

     

15.19

   

15.00

   

1.3

   

Aircraft in fleet at end of period

 

1,223

   

1,214

   

0.7

     

1,223

   

1,214

   

0.7

   

Average stage length (miles)

 

1,475

   

1,496

   

(1.4)

     

1,464

   

1,479

   

(1.0)

   

Average full-time equivalent employees (thousands)

 

86.0

   

83.2

   

3.4

     

85.6

   

82.8

   

3.4

   
 

Note: See Part II, Item 6 Selected Financial Data of the company's annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 for the definition of these statistics.

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

SUMMARY FINANCIAL METRICS

 

Note (A) provides a reconciliation of non-GAAP financial metrics to the comparable GAAP financial metrics and provides the reasons UAL management believes these financial metrics are useful.

 
   

Three Months Ended

June 30,

 

%

Increase/

(Decrease)

   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

%

Increase/

(Decrease)

 
   

2017

 

2016

     

2017

 

2016

   

(In millions, except per share data)

                           

Operating income

 

$

1,399

   

$

1,060

   

32.0

     

$

1,677

   

$

1,709

   

(1.9)

   

Operating margin

 

14.0

%

 

11.3

%

 

2.7

 

pts.

 

9.1

%

 

9.7

%

 

(0.6)

 

pts.

Operating income, excluding special charges (Non-GAAP)

 

1,443

   

1,494

   

(3.4)

     

1,772

   

2,333

   

(24.0)

   

Operating margin, excluding special charges (Non-GAAP)

 

14.4

%

 

15.9

%

 

(1.5)

 

pts.

 

9.6

%

 

13.3

%

 

(3.7)

 

pts.

                             

Adjusted EBITDA, excluding special charges and reflecting hedge adjustments (a) (Non-GAAP)

 

$

1,978

   

$

1,984

   

(0.3)

     

$

2,808

   

$

3,288

   

(14.6)

   

Adjusted EBITDA margin, excluding special charges and reflecting hedge adjustments (a) (Non-GAAP)

 

19.8

%

 

21.1

%

 

(1.3)

 

pts.

 

15.2

%

 

18.7

%

 

(3.5)

 

pts.

                             

Pre-tax income

 

$

1,274

   

$

931

   

36.8

     

$

1,419

   

$

1,425

   

(0.4)

   

Pre-tax margin

 

12.7

%

 

9.9

%

 

2.8

 

pts.

 

7.7

%

 

8.1

%

 

(0.4)

 

pts.

Pre-tax income, excluding special charges and reflecting hedge adjustments (a) (Non-GAAP)

 

1,318

   

1,359

   

(3.0)

     

1,514

   

2,047

   

(26.0)

   

Pre-tax margin, excluding special charges and reflecting hedge adjustments (a) (Non-GAAP)

 

13.2

%

 

14.5

%

 

(1.3)

 

pts.

 

8.2

%

 

11.6

%

 

(3.4)

 

pts.

                             

Net income

 

$

818

   

$

588

   

39.1

     

$

914

   

$

901

   

1.4

   

Net income, excluding special charges and reflecting hedge adjustments (a) (Non-GAAP)

 

846

   

863

   

(2.0)

     

975

   

1,298

   

(24.9)

   
                             

Diluted earnings per share

 

$

2.66

   

$

1.78

   

49.4

     

$

2.94

   

$

2.63

   

11.8

   

Diluted earnings per share, excluding special charges and reflecting hedge adjustments (a) (Non-GAAP)

 

2.75

   

2.61

   

5.4

     

3.14

   

3.79

   

(17.2)

   
                             

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

$

1,561

   

$

2,547

   

(38.7)

     

$

2,108

   

$

3,746

   

(43.7)

   
                             

Capital expenditures

 

$

1,089

   

$

838

   

30.0

     

$

1,780

   

$

1,654

   

7.6

   

Adjusted capital expenditures (Non-GAAP)

 

1,247

   

767

   

62.6

     

2,601

   

1,590

   

63.6

   
                             

Free cash flow, net of financings (Non-GAAP)

 

$

472

   

$

1,709

   

(72.4)

     

$

328

   

$

2,092

   

(84.3)

   

Free cash flow (Non-GAAP)

 

314

   

1,780

   

(82.4)

     

(493)

   

2,156

   

NM

   
 

(a) Hedge adjustments include prior period gains (losses) on fuel derivative contracts settled in the current period. See note D for further information.

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

RETURN ON INVESTED CAPITAL (ROIC) – non-GAAP

 

ROIC - non-GAAP is a financial measure that we believe provides useful supplemental information for management and investors by measuring the effectiveness of our operations' use of invested capital to generate profits.

   

(in millions)

Twelve Months Ended

June 30, 2017

NOPAT

 

Pre-tax income

$

3,813

 

Special charges and hedge adjustments (D):

 

  Severance and benefit costs

101

 

  Labor agreement costs and related items

(46)

 

  (Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges

54

 

   Hedge adjustments

7

 

Pre-tax income excluding special charges and reflecting hedge adjustments - non-GAAP

3,929

 

add: Interest expense (net of income tax benefit) (a)

603

 

add: Interest component of capitalized aircraft rent (net of income tax benefit) (a)

321

 

add: Net interest on pension (net of income tax benefit) (a)

54

 

less: Income taxes paid

(18)

 

NOPAT - non-GAAP

$

4,889

 
   
   

Invested Capital (five-quarter average)

 

Total assets

$

40,939

 

add: Capitalized aircraft operating leases (b)

4,796

 

less: Non-interest bearing liabilities (c)

(17,044)

 

Average invested capital - non-GAAP

$

28,691

 
   

Return on invested capital - non-GAAP

17.0

%

   
   

(a)     

Income tax benefit measured based on the effective cash tax rate. The effective cash tax rate is calculated by dividing cash taxes paid by pre-tax income excluding special charges and reflecting hedge adjustments. For the twelve months ended June 30, 2017, the effective cash tax rate was 0.5%.

(b)   

The purpose of this adjustment is to capitalize the impact of aircraft operating leases. The company uses a multiple of seven times its annual aircraft rent expense to estimate the potential capitalized value and related liability of its aircraft. This is a simplified method used by many rating agencies and financial analysts to assist with the impact of operating leases on financial measures like return on invested capital.

(c)   

Non-interest bearing liabilities include advance ticket sales, frequent flyer deferred revenue, deferred tax valuation allowance and other non-interest bearing liabilities.

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION

 

(A)   UAL evaluates its financial performance utilizing various accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and Non-GAAP financial measures, including operating income (loss) excluding special charges, income (loss) before income taxes excluding special charges and reflecting hedge adjustments, net income (loss) excluding special charges and reflecting hedge adjustments, net earnings (loss) per share excluding special charges and reflecting hedge adjustments, and CASM, as adjusted, among others.

 

CASM is a common metric used in the airline industry to measure an airline's cost structure and efficiency. UAL reports CASM excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are non-recurring charges not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL also believes that excluding third-party business expenses, such as maintenance, ground handling and catering services for third parties, fuel sales and non-air mileage redemptions, provides more meaningful disclosure because these expenses are not directly related to UAL's core business. UAL also believes that excluding fuel costs from certain measures is useful to investors because it provides an additional measure of management's performance excluding the effects of a significant cost item over which management has limited influence. UAL excludes profit sharing because this exclusion allows investors to better understand and analyze our recurring cost performance and provides a more meaningful comparison of our core operating costs to the airline industry. In addition, the company believes that adjusting for prior period gains and losses on fuel derivative contracts settled in the current period is useful because the adjustments allow investors to better understand the cash impact of settled fuel derivative contracts in a given period.

 

Pursuant to SEC Regulation G, UAL has included the following reconciliations of reported Non-GAAP financial measures to comparable financial measures reported on a GAAP basis.

 
   

Three Months Ended

June 30,

 

%

Increase/

(Decrease)

 

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

%

Increase/

(Decrease)

   

2017

 

2016

   

2017

 

2016

 

CASM Mainline Operations (cents)

                       

Cost per available seat mile (CASM)

 

12.33

   

12.39

   

(0.5)

   

12.75

   

12.43

   

2.6

 

Special charges (D)

 

0.07

   

0.76

   

NM

   

0.09

   

0.58

   

NM

 

Third-party business expenses

 

0.13

   

0.10

   

30.0

   

0.12

   

0.11

   

9.1

 

Fuel expense

 

2.32

   

2.09

   

11.0

   

2.38

   

2.05

   

16.1

 

CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses and fuel

 

9.81

   

9.44

   

3.9

   

10.16

   

9.69

   

4.9

 

Profit sharing per available seat mile

 

0.25

   

0.36

   

(30.6)

   

0.15

   

0.28

   

(46.4)

 

CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing

 

9.56

   

9.08

   

5.3

   

10.01

   

9.41

   

6.4

 
                         

CASM Consolidated Operations (cents)

                       

Cost per available seat mile (CASM)

 

12.75

   

12.88

   

(1.0)

   

13.15

   

12.91

   

1.9

 

Special charges (D)

 

0.07

   

0.67

   

NM

   

0.07

   

0.50

   

NM

 

Third-party business expenses

 

0.11

   

0.09

   

22.2

   

0.11

   

0.11

   

 

Fuel expense

 

2.47

   

2.22

   

11.3

   

2.54

   

2.16

   

17.6

 

CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses and fuel

 

10.10

   

9.90

   

2.0

   

10.43

   

10.14

   

2.9

 

Profit sharing per available seat mile

 

0.23

   

0.33

   

(30.3)

   

0.14

   

0.24

   

(41.7)

 

CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing

 

9.87

   

9.57

   

3.1

   

10.29

   

9.90

   

3.9

 

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)

 
   

Three Months Ended

June 30,

 

$

Increase/

(Decrease)

 

%

Increase/

(Decrease)

 

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

$

Increase/

(Decrease)

 

%

Increase/

(Decrease)

(in millions)

 

2017

 

2016

   

2017

 

2016

 

Operating expenses

 

$

8,601

   

$

8,336

   

$

265

   

3.2

   

$

16,743

   

$

15,882

   

$

861

   

5.4

 

Special charges (D)

 

44

   

434

   

(390)

   

NM

   

95

   

624

   

(529)

   

NM

 

Operating expenses, excluding special charges

 

8,557

   

7,902

   

655

   

8.3

   

16,648

   

15,258

   

1,390

   

9.1

 

Third-party business expenses

 

75

   

60

   

15

   

25.0

   

143

   

127

   

16

   

12.6

 

Fuel expense

 

1,669

   

1,437

   

232

   

16.1

   

3,229

   

2,655

   

574

   

21.6

 

Profit sharing, including taxes

 

154

   

209

   

(55)

   

(26.3)

   

174

   

302

   

(128)

   

(42.4)

 

Operating expenses, excluding fuel, profit sharing, special charges and third-party business expenses

 

$

6,659

   

$

6,196

   

$

463

   

7.5

   

$

13,102

   

$

12,174

   

$

928

   

7.6

 
                                 

Operating income

 

$

1,399

   

$

1,060

   

$

339

   

32.0

   

$

1,677

   

$

1,709

   

$

(32)

   

(1.9)

 

Special charges (D)

 

44

   

434

   

(390)

   

NM

   

95

   

624

   

(529)

   

NM

 

Operating income, excluding special charges

 

$

1,443

   

$

1,494

   

$

(51)

   

(3.4)

   

$

1,772

   

$

2,333

   

$

(561)

   

(24.0)

 
                                 

 Income before income taxes

 

$

1,274

   

$

931

   

$

343

   

36.8

   

$

1,419

   

$

1,425

   

$

(6)

   

(0.4)

 

Special charges and hedge adjustments before income taxes (D)

 

44

   

428

   

(384)

   

NM

   

95

   

622

   

(527)

   

NM

 

Income before income taxes excluding special charges and reflecting hedge adjustments

 

$

1,318

   

$

1,359

   

$

(41)

   

(3.0)

   

$

1,514

   

$

2,047

   

$

(533)

   

(26.0)

 
                                 

 Net income

 

$

818

   

$

588

   

$

230

   

39.1

   

$

914

   

$

901

   

$

13

   

1.4

 

Special charges and hedge adjustments, net of tax (D)

 

28

   

275

   

(247)

   

NM

   

61

   

397

   

(336)

   

NM

 

Net income, excluding special charges and reflecting hedge adjustments

 

$

846

   

$

863

   

$

(17)

   

(2.0)

   

$

975

   

$

1,298

   

$

(323)

   

(24.9)

 
                                 

 Diluted earnings per share

 

$

2.66

   

$

1.78

   

$

0.88

   

49.4

   

$

2.94

   

$

2.63

   

$

0.31

   

11.8

 

Special charges and hedge adjustments

 

0.14

   

1.29

   

(1.15)

   

NM

   

0.31

   

1.82

   

(1.51)

   

NM

 

Tax effect related to special charges and hedge adjustments

 

(0.05)

   

(0.46)

   

0.41

   

NM

   

(0.11)

   

(0.66)

   

0.55

   

NM

 

Diluted earnings per share, excluding special charges and reflecting hedge adjustments

 

$

2.75

   

$

2.61

   

$

0.14

   

5.4

   

$

3.14

   

$

3.79

   

$

(0.65)

   

(17.2)

 

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)

 

UAL provides financial metrics, including earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA), that we believe provide useful supplemental information for management and investors by measuring profit and profit as a percentage of total operating revenues. Adjusted EBITDA is EBITDA excluding special charges that are non-recurring and that management believes are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. Adjusted EBITDA also includes hedge adjustments to reflect the cash impact of fuel derivative contracts settled in the current period.

 
   

Three Months Ended

June 30,

 

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

EBITDA

 

2017

 

2016

 

2017

 

2016

 

(In millions)

                 

Net income

 

$

818

   

$

588

   

$

914

   

$

901

   

Adjusted for:

                 

Depreciation and amortization

 

536

   

491

   

1,054

   

970

   

Interest expense

 

158

   

157

   

308

   

316

   

Interest capitalized

 

(21)

   

(14)

   

(44)

   

(28)

   

Interest income

 

(13)

   

(9)

   

(24)

   

(17)

   

Income tax expense

 

456

   

343

   

505

   

524

   

Special charges and hedge adjustments before income taxes (D)

 

44

   

428

   

95

   

622

   

Adjusted EBITDA, excluding special charges and reflecting hedge adjustments - non-GAAP

 

$

1,978

   

$

1,984

   

$

2,808

   

$

3,288

   
 

UAL believes that adjusting capital expenditures for assets acquired through the issuance of debt and capital leases, airport construction financing and excluding fully reimbursable projects is useful to investors in order to appropriately reflect the non-reimbursable funds spent on capital expenditures.

 
   

Three Months Ended

June 30,

 

Six Months Ended

June 30,

Capital Expenditures (in millions)

 

2017

 

2016

 

2017

 

2016

Capital expenditures

 

$

1,089

   

$

838

   

$

1,780

   

$

1,654

 

Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt and capital leases

 

196

   

   

907

   

59

 

Airport construction financing

 

11

   

26

   

32

   

35

 

Fully reimbursable projects

 

(49)

   

(97)

   

(118)

   

(158)

 

Adjusted capital expenditures – Non-GAAP

 

$

1,247

   

$

767

   

$

2,601

   

$

1,590

 
                 

Free Cash Flow (in millions)

               

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

$

1,561

   

$

2,547

   

$

2,108

   

$

3,746

 

Less capital expenditures

 

1,089

   

838

   

1,780

   

1,654

 

Free cash flow, net of financings - Non-GAAP

 

$

472

   

$

1,709

   

$

328

   

$

2,092

 
                 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

$

1,561

   

$

2,547

   

$

2,108

   

$

3,746

 

Less adjusted capital expenditures – Non-GAAP

 

1,247

   

767

   

2,601

   

1,590

 

Free cash flow - Non-GAAP

 

$

314

   

$

1,780

   

$

(493)

   

$

2,156

 

 

 

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NOTES (UNAUDITED)

 

(B)     Select passenger revenue information is as follows (in millions):

 
   

2Q 2017

Passenger

Revenue

(millions)

 

Passenger

Revenue

vs.

2Q 2016

 

PRASM

vs.

2Q 2016

 

Yield

vs.

2Q 2016

 

Available

Seat Miles

vs.

2Q 2016

                     

Mainline

 

$

3,800

   

12.0%

 

3.8%

 

2.8%

 

7.9%

Regional

 

1,525

   

(0.5%)

 

3.3%

 

6.0%

 

(3.7%)

Domestic

 

5,325

   

8.1%

 

2.4%

 

2.0%

 

5.6%

                     

Atlantic

 

1,532

   

1.7%

 

3.3%

 

0.7%

 

(1.5%)

Pacific

 

1,003

   

(1.0%)

 

(5.5%)

 

(2.0%)

 

4.8%

Latin America

 

762

   

15.8%

 

7.8%

 

8.9%

 

7.5%

International

 

3,297

   

3.8%

 

1.1%

 

1.6%

 

2.6%

                     

Consolidated

 

$

8,622

   

6.4%

 

2.1%

 

2.0%

 

4.2%

                     
                     

Mainline

 

$

7,056

   

8.1%

 

2.7%

 

2.3%

 

5.3%

Regional

 

1,566

   

(0.8%)

 

3.2%

 

5.6%

 

(3.8%)

Consolidated

 

$

8,622

                 

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NOTES (UNAUDITED)

 

(C)     UAL's results of operations include fuel expense for both mainline and regional operations.

 
   

Three Months Ended

June 30,

 

%

Increase/

(Decrease)

 

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

%

Increase/

(Decrease)

(In millions, except per gallon)

 

2017

 

2016

   

2017

 

2016

 

Mainline fuel expense excluding hedge impacts

 

$

1,403

   

$

1,166

   

20.3

   

$

2,693

   

$

2,051

   

31.3

 

Hedge losses reported in fuel expense (a)

 

   

(35)

   

NM

   

(2)

   

(173)

   

NM

 

Total mainline fuel expense

 

1,403

   

1,201

   

16.8

   

2,695

   

2,224

   

21.2

 

Regional fuel expense

 

266

   

236

   

12.7

   

534

   

431

   

23.9

 

Consolidated fuel expense

 

$

1,669

   

$

1,437

   

16.1

   

$

3,229

   

$

2,655

   

21.6

 
                         

Mainline fuel consumption (gallons)

 

867

   

834

   

4.0

   

1,628

   

1,568

   

3.8

 

Mainline average aircraft fuel price per gallon

 

$

1.62

   

$

1.44

   

12.5

   

$

1.66

   

$

1.42

   

16.9

 

Mainline average aircraft fuel price per gallon excluding hedge losses recorded in fuel expense

 

$

1.62

   

$

1.40

   

15.7

   

$

1.65

   

$

1.31

   

26.0

 
                         

Regional fuel consumption (gallons)

 

156

   

161

   

(3.1)

   

305

   

317

   

(3.8)

 

Regional average aircraft fuel price per gallon

 

$

1.71

   

$

1.47

   

16.3

   

$

1.75

   

$

1.36

   

28.7

 
                         

Consolidated fuel consumption (gallons)

 

1,023

   

995

   

2.8

   

1,933

   

1,885

   

2.5

 

Consolidated average aircraft fuel price per gallon

 

$

1.63

   

$

1.44

   

13.2

   

$

1.67

   

$

1.41

   

18.4

 

Consolidated average aircraft fuel price per gallon excluding hedge losses recorded in fuel expense

 

$

1.63

   

$

1.41

   

15.6

   

$

1.67

   

$

1.32

   

26.5

 

 

   

(a)    

UAL allocates 100 percent of losses from settled hedges that were designated for hedge accounting to mainline fuel expense.

 

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NOTES (UNAUDITED)

 

(D)     Special charges and hedge adjustments include the following:

 
   

Three Months Ended

June 30,

 

Six Months Ended

June 30,

(In millions)

 

2017

 

2016

 

2017

 

2016

Operating:

               

Severance and benefit costs

 

$

41

   

$

6

   

$

78

   

$

14

 

Impairment of intangible assets

 

   

412

   

   

412

 

Labor agreement costs and related items

 

   

10

   

   

110

 

Cleveland airport lease restructuring

 

   

   

   

74

 

(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges

 

3

   

6

   

17

   

14

 

Subtotal

 

44

   

434

   

95

   

624

 

Other nonoperating (gains) losses

 

   

(9)

   

   

(1)

 

Total special charges

 

44

   

425

   

95

   

623

 

Income tax benefit related to special charges

 

(16)

   

(153)

   

(34)

   

(225)

 

Total special charges, net of income taxes

 

28

   

272

   

61

   

398

 

Hedge adjustments: prior period gains (losses) on fuel derivative contracts settled in the current period

 

   

3

   

   

(1)

 

Total special charges and hedge adjustments, net of income taxes

 

$

28

   

$

275

   

$

61

   

$

397

 

 

Special charges and hedge adjustments

 

Severance and benefit costs: During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the company recorded $36 million ($23 million net of taxes) and  $57 million ($37 million net of taxes), respectively, of severance and benefit costs related to a voluntary early-out program for its technicians and related employees represented by the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. In the first quarter of 2017, approximately 1,000 technicians and related employees elected to voluntarily separate from the company and will receive a severance payment, with a maximum value of $100,000 per participant, based on years of service, with retirement dates through early 2019.  Also, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the company recorded $5 million ($3 million net of taxes) and $21 million ($13 million net of taxes), respectively, of severance primarily related to its management reorganization initiative.

 

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, the company recorded $6 million ($4 million net of taxes) and $14 million ($9 million net of taxes) of severance and benefit costs primarily related to a voluntary early-out program for its flight attendants.

 

Impairment of intangible assets: In April 2016, the Federal Aviation Administration ("FAA") announced that, effective October 30, 2016, it would designate Newark Liberty International Airport ("Newark") as a Level 2 schedule-facilitated airport under the International Air Transport Association Worldwide Slot Guidelines. The designation was associated with an updated demand and capacity analysis of Newark by the FAA. In the second quarter of 2016, the company determined that the FAA's action impaired the entire value of its Newark slots because the slots are no longer the mechanism that governs take-off and landing rights. Accordingly, the company recorded a $412 million special charge ($264 million net of taxes) to write off the intangible asset.

 

Labor agreement costs: In April 2016, the fleet service, passenger service, storekeeper and other employees represented by the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers ratified seven new contracts with the company which extended the contracts through 2021. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, the company recorded $10 million ($6 million net of taxes) and $110 million ($70 million net of taxes), respectively, of special charges primarily for bonus payments in conjunction with the ratification of these contracts.

 

Cleveland airport lease restructuring: During the six months ended June 30, 2016, the City of Cleveland agreed to amend the lease, which runs through 2029, associated with certain excess airport terminal space (principally Terminal D) and related facilities at Hopkins International Airport ("Cleveland"). The company recorded an accrual for remaining payments under the lease for facilities that the company no longer uses and will continue to incur costs under the lease without economic benefit to the company. This liability was measured and recorded at its fair value when the company ceased its right to use such facilities leased to it pursuant to the lease. The company recorded a special charge of $74 million ($47 million net of taxes) related to the amended lease.

 

Other nonoperating (gains) losses: During the three months ended June 30, 2016, the company recorded a $9 million ($6 million net of taxes) gain on the sale of an affiliate. Also, during the six months ended June 30, 2016, the company recorded $8 million ($5 million net of taxes) of losses due to exchange rate changes in Venezuela applicable to funds held in local currency.

 

Hedge adjustments: Prior to 2017, the company used certain combinations of derivative contracts that were economic hedges but did not qualify for hedge accounting under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.  As with derivatives that qualified for hedge accounting, the economic hedges and individual contracts were part of the company's program to mitigate the adverse financial impact of potential increases in the price of fuel. The company recorded changes in the fair value of the various contracts that were not designated for hedge accounting to Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net in the statements of consolidated operations. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, for fuel derivative contracts that settled in the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, the company recorded MTM gains (losses) of $3 million and ($1 million), respectively, in prior periods.

 

(E) Effective tax rate: The Company's effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 was 35.8% and 35.6%, respectively. The company's effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 was 36.9% and 36.8%, respectively. The effective tax rates for the 2017 and 2016 periods represented a blend of federal, state and foreign taxes and the impact of certain nondeductible items. The effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 reflects the impact of discrete events including the recognition of excess tax benefits related to employee stock compensation as a result of the adoption of Accounting Standards Update 2016-09 "Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting," as well as a change in the mix of domestic and foreign earnings.

 

 

 

SOURCE United Airlines

For further information: United Airlines Worldwide Media Relations, 872-825-8640, media.relations@united.com

United Airlines Expects To Deliver Peer-Leading Pre-Tax Margin Growth During First-Quarter 2019

April 16, 2019

CHICAGO, April 16, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- United Airlines (UAL) today announced that a combination of strong top-line revenue performance and effective cost management led to first-quarter pre-tax margin growth that is expected to lead its peers. The company remains confident that it will deliver on its long-term adjusted diluted earnings per share2 (EPS) targets of $10 to $12 in 2019 and $11 to $13 in 2020.

  • Reported first-quarter net income of $292 million, diluted EPS of $1.09, pre-tax earnings of $367 million and pre-tax margin of 3.8 percent, expanding pre-tax margin 1.8 points versus the first quarter of 2018.
  • Reported first-quarter adjusted net income of $309 million, adjusted diluted EPS of $1.15, adjusted pre-tax earnings of $389 million, adjusted pre-tax margin of 4.1 percent, expanding adjusted pre-tax margin 2.1 points versus the first quarter of 2018.1
  • Total passenger revenue increased 7.1 percent versus the first quarter of 2018.
  • First-quarter passenger revenue per available seat mile (PRASM) increased 1.1 percent year-over-year.
  • Consolidated first-quarter unit cost per available seat mile (CASM) decreased 2.1 percent year-over-year.
  • Consolidated first-quarter CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing, decreased 1.8 percent year-over-year.
  • Repurchased $527 million of its common shares in the first-quarter of 2019, at an average purchase price of $83.68 per share.
  • For the second consecutive quarter the airline reported adjusted pre-tax margin expansion.

"We delivered another strong financial quarter in which we made important progress on our customer investments while making strategic decisions to manage our costs and producing pre-tax margin growth that we expect will lead our peers," said Oscar Munoz, chief executive officer of United Airlines. "That's why we are more confident than ever that we'll reach our long-term adjusted EPS targets we unveiled last year. I want to thank all 93,000 of our employees for their incredible work as we overcame some unique challenges and refocused our efforts in 2019 toward elevating the United experience for our customers."

For more information on UAL's second-quarter and full-year 2019 guidance, please visit ir.united.com for the company's investor update.

First-Quarter 2019 Highlights

Operations and Employees

  • Flew the most revenue passengers ever for a first quarter in company history.
  • Despite a weather-challenged first quarter, achieved second-highest mainline on-time departures rate performance versus the major U.S. airlines.
  • Launched Backstage 2019 which will bring all 25,000 flight attendants to Chicago for an event which will help us elevate the way customers feel about their United experience.
  • Earned 100 percent score on Human Rights Campaign Foundation's annual scorecard on LGBTQ workplace equality.
  • Broke ground on a state-of-the-art Technical Operations Center at Los Angeles International Airport that will enable the airline to provide exceptional service for all of its aircraft fleets.
  • Announced headquarters will remain at the iconic Willis Tower in the airline's hometown of Chicago, while making investments to completely transform the current workspace and experience.

Customer Experience

  • Introduced a re-imagined mobile app to customers around the world featuring a more dynamic experience that updates customers at each step of their travel journey while adding enhancements that make managing travel easier.
  • Announced free live DIRECTV on 211 Boeing 737 United aircraft equipped with seat back TV, providing more than 100 channels of live television.
  • Introduced the relaunch of the United MileagePlus X app, which offers United MileagePlus® members a unique opportunity to earn award miles for everyday purchases.
  • Opened the fifth of its award-winning United Polaris Lounges at Los Angeles International Airport.
  • Opened a brand-new 5,000-square-foot United Club at Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport - the first of four new United Club locations set to open in 2019.
  • Announced next step in airline's commitment to making customers more comfortable by adding more than 1,600 United Polaris® business class and United First seats to nearly 250 international and domestic aircraft.
  • Launched new state-of-the-art United Meetings product, available on the airline's business portal, United Jetstream, which makes managing travel and redeeming rewards for meetings and events quicker and more streamlined.
  • Became the first U.S. airline to offer non-binary gender options throughout all booking channels in addition to providing the option to select the title "Mx." during booking and in a MileagePlus customer profile, providing customers the ability to identify themselves corresponding with what is indicated on their passports or identification.

Network

  • Began new service from four hubs to 18 cities in 12 states and one province and launched new nonstop seasonal service between San Francisco and Amsterdam.
  • Announced 11 new domestic routes.
  • Filed an application with the U.S. Department of Transportation for a total of six daily nonstop flights to Tokyo Haneda Airport from six of the airline's hubs.

Fleet

  • Announced a brand new and revolutionary regional flying experience with the addition of the two-cabin, 50-seat Bombardier CRJ 550 aircraft, offering customers on key regional routes more legroom, storage and amenities than any other 50-seat regional aircraft operating today.
  • Became first carrier in the world to operate all three Dreamliner models as its first 787-10 began regular service in January from Los Angeles International Airport to Newark Liberty International Airport.
  • Took delivery of four Boeing 737 MAX 9 aircraft (prior to the March 13, 2019 Federal Aviation Administration order grounding U.S.-registered 737 MAX aircraft) and four Boeing 787-10 aircraft.

Community and Environment

  • Donated $1 million to Feeding America's Shutdown Response Fund to directly support the food banks providing food for families of federal workers.
  • Launched Her Art Here, a first-of-its-kind contest designed to find and uplift underrepresented women artists by providing a chance to paint a canvas like no other - a United Airlines aircraft.

Earnings Call

UAL will hold a conference call to discuss its first-quarter 2019 financial results and its financial and operational outlook for second-quarter and full-year 2019 on Wednesday, April 17, at 9:30 a.m. Central time /10:30 a.m. Eastern time. A live, listen-only webcast of the conference call will be available at ir.united.com. The webcast will be available for replay within 24 hours of the conference call and then archived on the website for three months.

Every customer. Every flight. Every day.

In 2019, United is focusing more than ever on its commitment to its customers, looking at every aspect of its business to ensure that the carrier keeps customers' best interests at the heart of its service. In addition to today's announcement, United recently announced that luxury skincare line Sunday Riley will make products exclusively for United customers to experience in amenity kits, released a re-imagined version of the most downloaded app in the airline industry and made DIRECTV free for every passenger on 211 aircraft, offering more than 100 channels on seat back monitors on more than 30,000 seats.

About United

United's shared purpose is "Connecting People. Uniting the World." We are more focused than ever on our commitment to customers through a series of innovations and improvements designed to help build a great experience: Every customer. Every flight. Every day. Together, United Airlines and United Express operate approximately 4,900 flights a day to 355 airports across five continents. In 2018, United and United Express operated more than 1.7 million flights carrying more than 158 million customers. United is proud to have the world's most comprehensive route network, including U.S. mainland hubs in Chicago, Denver, Houston, Los Angeles, New York/Newark, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. United operates 779 mainline aircraft and the airline's United Express carriers operate 569 regional aircraft. United is a founding member of Star Alliance, which provides service to 193 countries via 28 member airlines. For more information, visit united.com, follow @United on Twitter and Instagram or connect on Facebook. The common stock of United's parent, United Continental Holdings, Inc., is traded on the Nasdaq under the symbol "UAL".

1 Excludes special charges, the mark-to-market impact of financial instruments and imputed interest on certain finance leases. Reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are included in the tables accompanying this release.
2Excludes special charges and the mark-to-market impact of financial instruments, the nature of which are not determined at this time, and imputed interest on certain finance leases. Accordingly, UAL is not providing earnings guidance on a GAAP basis.

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: Certain statements included in this release are forward-looking and thus reflect our current expectations and beliefs with respect to certain current and future events and anticipated financial and operating performance. Such forward-looking statements are and will be subject to many risks and uncertainties relating to our operations and business environment that may cause actual results to differ materially from any future results expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. Words such as "expects," "will," "plans," "anticipates," "indicates," "believes," "estimates," "forecast," "guidance," "outlook," "goals," "targets" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Additionally, forward-looking statements include statements that do not relate solely to historical facts, such as statements which identify uncertainties or trends, discuss the possible future effects of current known trends or uncertainties, or which indicate that the future effects of known trends or uncertainties cannot be predicted, guaranteed or assured. All forward-looking statements in this release are based upon information available to us on the date of this release. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. Our actual results could differ materially from these forward-looking statements due to numerous factors including, without limitation, the following: our ability to execute our strategic operating plan, including our growth, revenue-generating and cost-control initiatives; general economic conditions (including interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, investment or credit market conditions, crude oil prices, costs of aircraft fuel and energy refining capacity in relevant markets); risks of doing business globally, including instability and political developments that may impact our operations in certain countries; demand for travel and the impact that global economic and political conditions have on customer travel patterns; our capacity decisions and the capacity decisions of our competitors; competitive pressures on pricing and on demand; changes in aircraft fuel prices; disruptions in our supply of aircraft fuel; our ability to cost-effectively hedge against increases in the price of aircraft fuel, if we decide to do so; the effects of any technology failures or cybersecurity breaches; disruptions to services provided by third-party service providers; potential reputational or other impact from adverse events involving our aircraft or operations, the aircraft or operations of our regional carriers or our code share partners or the aircraft or operations of another airline; our ability to attract and retain customers; the effects of any terrorist attacks, international hostilities or other security events, or the fear of such events; the mandatory grounding of aircraft in our fleet; disruptions to our regional network; the impact of regulatory, investigative and legal proceedings and legal compliance risks; the success of our investments in other airlines, including in other parts of the world; industry consolidation or changes in airline alliances; the ability of other air carriers with whom we have alliances or partnerships to provide the services contemplated by the respective arrangements with such carriers; costs associated with any modification or termination of our aircraft orders; disruptions in the availability of aircraft, parts or support from our suppliers; our ability to maintain satisfactory labor relations and the results of any collective bargaining agreement process with our union groups; any disruptions to operations due to any potential actions by our labor groups; labor costs; an outbreak of a disease that affects travel demand or travel behavior; the impact of any management changes; extended interruptions or disruptions in service at major airports where we operate; U.S. or foreign governmental legislation, regulation and other actions (including Open Skies agreements, environmental regulations and the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union); the seasonality of the airline industry; weather conditions; the costs and availability of aviation and other insurance; the costs and availability of financing; our ability to maintain adequate liquidity; our ability to comply with the terms of our various financing arrangements; our ability to realize the full value of our intangible assets and long-lived assets;-; and other risks and uncertainties set forth under Part I, Item 1A., "Risk Factors," of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, as well as other risks and uncertainties set forth from time to time in the reports we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

-tables attached-

On January 1, 2019, United Continental Holdings, Inc. ("UAL") adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases ("Topic 842"). As such, certain previously reported 2018 figures are adjusted in this report on a basis consistent with Topic 842.

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)




Three Months Ended
March 31,


%
Increase/
(Decrease)


(In millions, except per share data)


2019


2018



Operating revenue:








Passenger


$

8,725



$

8,149



7.1



Cargo


286



293



(2.4)



Other operating revenue


578



590



(2.0)



Total operating revenue


9,589



9,032



6.2











Operating expense:








Salaries and related costs


2,873



2,726



5.4



Aircraft fuel


2,023



1,965



3.0



Regional capacity purchase


688



630



9.2



Landing fees and other rent


588



579



1.6



Depreciation and amortization


547



524



4.4



Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs


408



440



(7.3)



Distribution expenses


360



342



5.3



Aircraft rent


81



127



(36.2)



Special charges (B)


18



40



NM



Other operating expenses


1,508



1,397



7.9



Total operating expense


9,094



8,770



3.7











Operating income


495



262



88.9











Operating margin


5.2

%


2.9

%


2.3


pts.

Adjusted operating margin (Non-GAAP) (A)


5.3

%


3.3

%


2.0


pts.









Nonoperating income (expense):








Interest expense


(188)



(162)



16.0



Interest capitalized


22



18



22.2



Interest income


29



17



70.6



Miscellaneous, net (B)


9



47



(80.9)



Total nonoperating expense


(128)



(80)



60.0











Income before income taxes


367



182



101.6











Pre-tax margin


3.8

%


2.0

%


1.8


pts.

Adjusted pre-tax margin (Non-GAAP) (A)


4.1

%


2.0

%


2.1


pts.









Income tax expense (D)


75



37



102.7



Net income


$

292



$

145



101.4











Diluted earnings per share


$

1.09



$

0.51



113.7



Diluted weighted average shares


268.3



284.9



(5.8)











NM Not meaningful








UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

PASSENGER REVENUE INFORMATION AND STATISTICS


Passenger revenue information is as follows:




1Q 2019
Passenger
Revenue
(millions)


Passenger
Revenue
vs.
1Q 2018


PRASM
vs.
1Q 2018


Yield
vs.
1Q 2018


Available
Seat Miles
vs.
1Q 2018


1Q 2019
Available Seat
Miles (millions)

Domestic


$

5,367



8.0%


0.6%


0.9%


7.4%


36,726















Atlantic


1,331



6.3%


(2.8%)


(4.8%)


9.4%


10,626


Pacific


1,121



4.9%


4.5%


2.2%


0.3%


10,923


Latin America


906



5.3%


2.6%


2.3%


2.6%


7,370


International


3,358



5.6%


1.4%


(0.1%)


4.1%


28,919















Consolidated


$

8,725



7.1%


1.1%


0.5%


5.9%


65,645















Select operating statistics are as follows:




Three Months Ended
March 31,


%
Increase/
(Decrease)




2019


2018




Passengers (thousands)


36,454



34,495



5.7



Revenue passenger miles (millions)


53,097



49,849



6.5



Available seat miles (millions)


65,645



61,977



5.9



Passenger load factor:








Consolidated


80.9

%


80.4

%


0.5


pts.

Domestic


82.6

%


82.8

%


(0.2)


pts.

International


78.7

%


77.5

%


1.2


pts.

Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents)


13.29



13.15



1.1



Total revenue per available seat mile (cents)


14.61



14.57



0.3



Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents)


16.43



16.35



0.5



Aircraft in fleet at end of period


1,348



1,295



4.1



Average stage length (miles)


1,448



1,443



0.3



Average full-time equivalent employees


88,730



85,561



3.7



Average aircraft fuel price per gallon


$

2.05



$

2.11



(2.8)



Fuel gallons consumed (millions)


985



932



5.7




Note: See Part II, Item 6, Selected Financial Data, of UAL's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, for definitions of these statistics.

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)


(In millions)

March 31, 2019


December 31, 2018

ASSETS




Current assets:




Cash and cash equivalents

$

1,848



$

1,694


Short-term investments

2,219



2,256


Receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts

1,789



1,426


Aircraft fuel, spare parts and supplies, less obsolescence allowance

972



985


Prepaid expenses and other

780



733


Total current assets

7,608



7,094






Total operating property and equipment, net

28,586



27,399


Operating lease right-of-use assets

5,065



5,262






Other assets:




Goodwill

4,523



4,523


Intangibles, less accumulated amortization

3,144



3,159


Restricted cash

103



105


Notes receivable, net

512



516


Investments in affiliates and other, net

1,098



966


Total other assets

9,380



9,269


Total assets

$

50,639



$

49,024






LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY




Current liabilities:




Advance ticket sales

$

6,006



$

4,381


Accounts payable

2,707



2,363


Frequent flyer deferred revenue

2,388



2,286


Accrued salaries and benefits

1,660



2,184


Current maturities of long-term debt

1,201



1,230


Current maturities of finance leases

133



123


Current maturities of operating leases

639



719


Other

601



553


Total current liabilities

15,335



13,839






Other long-term liabilities and deferred credits:




Long-term debt

12,734



12,215


Long-term obligations under finance leases

236



224


Long-term obligations under operating leases

5,145



5,276


Frequent flyer deferred revenue

2,750



2,719


Postretirement benefit liability

1,287



1,295


Pension liability

1,454



1,576


Deferred income taxes

898



828


Other

998



1,010


Total other long-term liabilities and deferred credits

25,502



25,143


Stockholders' equity

9,802



10,042


Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

50,639



$

49,024


UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)


(In millions)

Three Months Ended
March 31,


2019


2018

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:




Net cash provided by operating activities

$

1,915



$

1,709






Cash Flows from Investing Activities:




Capital expenditures

(1,609)



(944)


Purchases of short-term and other investments

(724)



(596)


Proceeds from sale of short-term and other investments

768



840


Loans made to others



(10)


Investment in affiliates

(27)




Other, net

12



15


Net cash used in investing activities

(1,580)



(695)






Cash Flows from Financing Activities:




Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

646



673


Payments of long-term debt

(250)



(189)


Repurchases of common stock

(513)



(529)


Principal payments under finance leases

(20)



(18)


Capitalized financing costs

(17)



(16)


Other, net

(29)



(16)


Net cash used in financing activities

(183)



(95)


Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

152



919


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of the period

1,799



1,591


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of the period

$

1,951



$

2,510






Investing and Financing Activities Not Affecting Cash:




Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt

$

92



$

60


Operating lease conversions to finance lease

36




Right-of-use assets acquired through operating leases

51



103


Property and equipment acquired through finance leases

8




UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

RETURN ON INVESTED CAPITAL (ROIC)—Non-GAAP


ROIC is a non-GAAP financial measure that UAL believes provides useful supplemental information for management and investors by measuring the effectiveness of the company's operations' use of invested capital to generate profits.

(in millions)

Twelve Months Ended
March 31, 2019

Net Operating Profit After Tax ("NOPAT")


Pre-tax income

$

2,833


Adjustments:


Special charges and mark-to-market ("MTM") losses on financial instruments:


Impairment of assets

362


Termination of a maintenance service agreement

64


Severance and benefit costs

33


MTM losses on financial instruments

33


(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges

6


Pre-tax income excluding special charges and MTM losses on financial instruments (Non-GAAP)

3,331


add: Interest expense (net of income tax benefit) (a)

693


add: Interest component of capitalized aircraft rent (net of income tax benefit) (a)

193


add: Net interest on pension (net of income tax benefit) (a)

(12)


less: Income taxes paid

(14)


NOPAT (Non-GAAP)

$

4,191






Average Invested Capital (five-quarter average)


Total assets

$

49,392


less: Non-interest bearing liabilities (b)

(16,966)


Average invested capital (Non-GAAP)

$

32,426




ROIC (Non-GAAP)

12.9

%



(a)

Income tax benefit measured based on the effective cash tax rate. The effective cash tax rate is calculated by dividing cash taxes paid by pre-tax income excluding special charges and MTM gains on financial instruments. For the twelve months ended March 31, 2019, the effective cash tax rate was 0.4%.

(b)

Non-interest bearing liabilities include advance ticket sales, frequent flyer deferred revenue, deferred income taxes and other non-interest bearing liabilities.

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION


(A) UAL evaluates its financial performance utilizing various accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and Non-GAAP financial measures, including adjusted operating income (loss), adjusted operating margin, adjusted pre-tax income (loss), adjusted pre-tax margin, adjusted net income (loss), adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share and CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing, among others. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL believes that adjusting for MTM gains and losses on financial instruments is useful to investors because those unrealized gains or losses may not ultimately be realized on a cash basis. UAL believes that adjusting for interest expense related to finance leases of Embraer ERJ 145 aircraft is useful to investors because of the accelerated recognition of interest expense.


CASM is a common metric used in the airline industry to measure an airline's cost structure and efficiency. UAL reports CASM excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL also believes that excluding third-party business expenses, such as maintenance, ground handling and catering services for third parties and fuel sales, provides more meaningful disclosure because these expenses are not directly related to UAL's core business. UAL also believes that excluding fuel costs from certain measures is useful to investors because it provides an additional measure of management's performance excluding the effects of a significant cost item over which management has limited influence. UAL excludes profit sharing because this exclusion allows investors to better understand and analyze our operating cost performance and provides a more meaningful comparison of our core operating costs to the airline industry.


Reconciliations of reported non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are included below.



Three Months Ended

March 31,


%
Increase/
(Decrease)




2019


2018



CASM (cents)








Cost per available seat mile (CASM) (GAAP)


13.85



14.15



(2.1)



Special charges (B)


0.02



0.07



NM



Third-party business expenses


0.05



0.05





Fuel expense


3.08



3.17



(2.8)



Profit sharing, including taxes


0.05



0.02



150.0



CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing (Non-GAAP)


10.65



10.84



(1.8)




NM Not Meaningful

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)




Three Months Ended
March 31,


$
Increase/
(Decrease)


%
Increase/
(Decrease)


(in millions)


2019


2018



Operating expenses (GAAP)


$

9,094



$

8,770



$

324



3.7



Special charges (B)


18



40



(22)



NM



Operating expenses, excluding special charges


9,076



8,730



346



4.0



Adjusted to exclude:










Third-party business expenses


30



31



(1)



(3.2)



Fuel expense


2,023



1,965



58



3.0



Profit sharing, including taxes


33



17



16



94.1



Adjusted operating expenses (Non-GAAP)


$

6,990



$

6,717



$

273



4.1













Operating income (GAAP)


$

495



$

262



$

233



88.9



Adjusted to exclude:










Special charges (B)


18



40



(22)



NM



Adjusted operating income (Non-GAAP)


$

513



$

302



$

211



69.9













Pre-tax income (GAAP)


$

367



$

182



$

185



101.6



Adjusted to exclude:










Special charges (B)


18



40



(22)



NM



MTM gains on financial instruments (B)


(17)



(45)



28



NM



Interest expense on ERJ 145 finance leases (C)


21





21



NM



Adjusted pre-tax income (Non-GAAP)


$

389



$

177



$

212



119.8













Net income (GAAP)


$

292



$

145



$

147



101.4



Adjusted to exclude:










Special charges (B)


18



40



(22)



NM



MTM gains on financial instruments (B)


(17)



(45)



28



NM



Interest expense on ERJ 145 finance leases (C)


21





21



NM



Income tax expense (benefit) related to adjustments above


(5)



1



(6)



NM



Adjusted net income (Non-GAAP)


$

309



$

141



$

168



119.1













Diluted earnings per share (GAAP)


$

1.09



$

0.51



$

0.58



113.7



Adjusted to exclude:










Special charges (B)


0.07



0.14



(0.07)



NM



MTM gains on financial instruments (B)


(0.07)



(0.16)



0.09



NM



Interest expense on ERJ 145 finance leases (C)


0.08





0.08



NM



Income tax benefit related to adjustments


(0.02)





(0.02)



NM



Adjusted diluted earnings per share (Non-GAAP)


$

1.15



$

0.49



$

0.66



134.7




NM Not Meaningful

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)


UAL believes that adjusting capital expenditures for assets acquired through the issuance of debt and finance leases is useful to investors in order to appropriately reflect the total amounts spent on capital expenditures. UAL also believes that adjusting net cash provided by operating activities for capital expenditures and adjusted capital expenditures is useful to allow investors to evaluate the company's ability to generate cash that is available for debt service or general corporate initiatives.



Three Months Ended
March 31,


Capital Expenditures (in millions)


2019


2018


Capital expenditures (GAAP)


$

1,609



$

944



Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt


92



60



Property and equipment acquired through finance leases


8





Adjusted capital expenditures (Non-GAAP)


$

1,709



$

1,004









Free Cash Flow (in millions)






Net cash provided by operating activities (GAAP)


$

1,915



$

1,709



Less capital expenditures


1,609



944



Free cash flow, net of financings (Non-GAAP)


$

306



$

765









Net cash provided by operating activities (GAAP)


$

1,915



$

1,709



Less adjusted capital expenditures (Non-GAAP)


1,709



1,004



Free cash flow (Non-GAAP)


$

206



$

705



UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NOTES (UNAUDITED)


(B) Special charges and MTM gains on financial instruments include the following:



Three Months Ended
March 31,


(In millions)


2019


2018


Operating:






Impairment of assets


$

8



$

23



Severance and benefit costs


6



14



(Gains) losses on sa