United Airlines Reports Second-Quarter 2018 Performance - United Hub

United Airlines Reports Second-Quarter 2018 Performance

July 17, 2018

CHICAGO, July 17, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- United Airlines (UAL) today announced its second-quarter 2018 financial results. 

  • UAL reported second-quarter net income of $684 million, diluted earnings per share of $2.48, pre-tax earnings of $857 million and pre-tax margin of 8.0 percent.
  • Excluding special charges and mark-to-market adjustments, UAL reported second-quarter net income of $889 million, diluted earnings per share of $3.23, pre-tax earnings of $1.1 billion and pre-tax margin of 10.4 percent.
  • Ranked first among largest competitors in on-time departures in the quarter.
  • UAL repurchased $407 million of its common shares in the second quarter.
  • Consolidated passenger revenue per available seat mile (PRASM) increased 3.0 percent year-over-year.
  • Consolidated total revenue per available seat mile (TRASM) increased 2.8 percent year-over-year.
  • Consolidated unit cost per available seat mile (CASM) increased 7.1 percent year-over-year.
  • Consolidated CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing, decreased 0.4 percent year-over-year.
  • UAL now expects full-year 2018 diluted earnings per share, excluding special charges and mark-to-market adjustments, to be $7.25 to $8.751.

"We delivered great financial results and strong operational performance in the second quarter despite the significant headwind of higher fuel prices," said Oscar Munoz, chief executive officer of United Airlines. "These results are the strongest evidence yet that our strategic growth plan is working, and we are well positioned to carry our momentum into the second half of the year."

For more information on UAL's third-quarter 2018 guidance, please visit ir.united.com for the company's investor update.

Second-Quarter Highlights

Operations and Employees

  • Completed the best second-quarter on-time departure performance in United's history.
  • Received "Best-of-the-Best" Award from the National LGBT Chamber of Commerce and National Business Inclusion Consortium for commitment to diversity and inclusion across all communities.
  • Announced a total of $8 million in grants to benefit organizations in each of its domestic hub communities.
  • Became the first carrier to achieve certification through the new Audubon International Green Hospitality Program for the airline's United Club location in Terminal 7 of Los Angeles International Airport.

Customer Experience

  • Expanded personal device entertainment option to all aircraft with DIRECTV live streaming for purchase, providing at least one free entertainment option on all Wi-Fi equipped aircraft (which is any aircraft with more than 70 seats).
  • Opened three new United Polaris lounges located in San Francisco International Airport, Newark Liberty International Airport and Houston's George Bush Intercontinental Airport.
  • Announced a new relationship with The Private Suite, offering the airline's customers access to a newly built, private terminal at Los Angeles International Airport.
  • Introduced the new United Explorer Card which offers additional benefits, travel credits and discounts.

Network and Fleet

  • Launched service from Newark/New York to two new international destinations: Reykjavik, Iceland, and Porto, Portugal.
  • Announced the return of seasonal service to 25 destinations, including, among others: Athens, Greece; Glasgow, Scotland; Madrid and Barcelona, Spain; Rome and Venice, Italy; and Hamburg, Germany.
  • Announced schedule expansion at East Coast hubs in Newark/New York and Washington-Dulles to offer more nonstop flights to destinations popular with New York-area customers while reallocating largely connecting passenger flights to Washington-Dulles.
  • Took delivery of one Boeing 777-300ER aircraft and six Boeing 737 MAX 9 aircraft.
  • Became North American launch customer of the Boeing 737 MAX 9 aircraft, which took its first flight on June 7 from Houston's George Bush Intercontinental Airport to Orlando International Airport in Florida.

Earnings Call

UAL will hold a conference call to discuss second-quarter 2018 financial results and its financial and operational outlook for the third quarter and full year of 2018 on Wednesday, July 18, at 9:30 a.m. Central Time /10:30 a.m. Eastern Time. A live, listen-only webcast of the conference call will be available at ir.united.com. The webcast will be available for replay within 24 hours of the conference call and then archived on the website for three months.

About United

United Airlines and United Express operate approximately 4,600 flights a day to 357 airports across five continents. In 2017, United and United Express operated more than 1.6 million flights carrying more than 148 million customers. United is proud to have the world's most comprehensive route network, including U.S. mainland hubs in Chicago, Denver, Houston, Los Angeles, Newark/New York, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. United operates 757 mainline aircraft and the airline's United Express carriers operate 551 regional aircraft. The airline is a founding member of Star Alliance, which provides service to 193 countries via 28 member airlines. For more information, visit united.com, follow @United on Twitter or connect on Facebook. The common stock of United's parent, United Continental Holdings, Inc., is traded on the NYSE under the symbol "UAL".

1 Excludes special charges, the nature of which are not determinable at this time, and mark-to-market impact of equity investments. Accordingly, UAL is not providing earnings guidance on a GAAP basis.

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995:
Certain statements included in this release are forward-looking and thus reflect our current expectations and beliefs with respect to certain current and future events and anticipated financial and operating performance. Such forward-looking statements are and will be subject to many risks and uncertainties relating to our operations and business environment that may cause actual results to differ materially from any future results expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. Words such as "expects," "will," "plans," "anticipates," "indicates," "believes," "estimates," "forecast," "guidance," "outlook," "goals" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Additionally, forward-looking statements include statements that do not relate solely to historical facts, such as statements which identify uncertainties or trends, discuss the possible future effects of current known trends or uncertainties, or which indicate that the future effects of known trends or uncertainties cannot be predicted, guaranteed or assured. All forward-looking statements in this release are based upon information available to us on the date of this release. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. Our actual results could differ materially from these forward-looking statements due to numerous factors including, without limitation, the following: general economic conditions (including interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, investment or credit market conditions, crude oil prices, costs of aircraft fuel and energy refining capacity in relevant markets); economic and political instability and other risks of doing business globally, including political developments that may impact our operations in certain countries; demand for travel and the impact that global economic and political conditions have on customer travel patterns; competitive pressures on pricing and on demand; demand for transportation in the markets in which we operate; our capacity decisions and the capacity decisions of our competitors; the effects of any hostilities, act of war or terrorist attack; the effects of any technology failures or cybersecurity breaches; the impact of regulatory, investigative and legal proceedings and legal compliance risks; disruptions to our regional network; the ability of other air carriers with whom we have alliances or partnerships to provide the services contemplated by the respective arrangements with such carriers; costs associated with any modification or termination of our aircraft orders; potential reputational or other impact from adverse events in our operations, the operations of our regional carriers or the operations of our code share partners; our ability to attract and retain customers; our ability to execute our operational plans and revenue-generating initiatives, including optimizing our revenue; our ability to control our costs, including realizing benefits from our resource optimization efforts, cost reduction initiatives and fleet replacement programs; the impact of any management changes; our ability to cost-effectively hedge against increases in the price of aircraft fuel if we decide to do so; any potential realized or unrealized gains or losses related to any fuel or currency hedging programs; labor costs; our ability to maintain satisfactory labor relations and the results of any collective bargaining agreement process with our union groups; any disruptions to operations due to any potential actions by our labor groups; an outbreak of a disease that affects travel demand or travel behavior; U.S. or foreign governmental legislation, regulation and other actions (including Open Skies agreements and environmental regulations); industry consolidation or changes in airline alliances; our ability to comply with the terms of our various financing arrangements; the costs and availability of financing; our ability to maintain adequate liquidity; the costs and availability of aviation and other insurance; weather conditions; our ability to utilize our net operating losses to offset future taxable income; the impact of changes in tax laws; the success of our investments in airlines in other parts of the world; and other risks and uncertainties set forth under Part I, Item 1A., "Risk Factors," of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, as well as other risks and uncertainties set forth from time to time in the reports we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

-tables attached-

On January 1, 2018, United Continental Holdings, Inc. ("UAL") adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09 (Topic 606), Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-07, Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost. As such, certain previously reported 2017 figures are adjusted in this report on a basis consistent with the new standards. See the Current Report on Form 8-K filed by UAL with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 1, 2018 for additional information.

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED) (A)




Three Months Ended
June 30,


%
Increase/



Six Months Ended
June 30,


%
Increase/


(In millions, except per share data)


2018


2017


(Decrease)



2018


2017


(Decrease)


Operating revenue:















Passenger


$

9,880



$

9,151



8.0




$

18,030



$

16,804



7.3



Cargo


314



273



15.0




607



511



18.8



Other operating revenue


583



584



(0.2)




1,172



1,119



4.7



Total operating revenue


10,777



10,008



7.7




19,809



18,434



7.5


















Operating expense:















Salaries and related costs


2,878



2,842



1.3




5,604



5,478



2.3



Aircraft fuel


2,390



1,669



43.2




4,355



3,229



34.9



Regional capacity purchase


681



549



24.0




1,300



1,085



19.8



Landing fees and other rent


603



541



11.5




1,161



1,085



7.0



Depreciation and amortization


557



536



3.9




1,098



1,054



4.2



Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs


438



472



(7.2)




878



926



(5.2)



Distribution expenses


393



385



2.1




735



704



4.4



Aircraft rent


119



152



(21.7)




246



331



(25.7)



Special charges (C)


129



44



NM




169



95



NM



Other operating expenses


1,428



1,381



3.4




2,826



2,690



5.1



Total operating expense


9,616



8,571



12.2




18,372



16,677



10.2


















Operating income


1,161



1,437



(19.2)




1,437



1,757



(18.2)


















Operating margin


10.8

%


14.4

%


(3.6)


pts.


7.3

%


9.5

%


(2.2)


pts.

Operating margin, excluding special charges (Non-GAAP)


12.0

%


14.8

%


(2.8)


pts.


8.1

%


10.0

%


(1.9)


pts.
















Nonoperating income (expense):















Interest expense


(177)



(167)



6.0




(353)



(329)



7.3



Interest capitalized


14



21



(33.3)




33



44



(25.0)



Interest income


25



13



92.3




42



24



75.0



Miscellaneous, net (C)


(166)



(27)



NM




(118)



(69)



71.0



Total nonoperating expense


(304)



(160)



90.0




(396)



(330)



20.0


















Income before income taxes


857



1,277



(32.9)




1,041



1,427



(27.0)


















Pre-tax margin


8.0

%


12.8

%


(4.8)


pts.


5.3

%


7.7

%


(2.4)


pts.

Pre-tax margin, excluding special charges and mark-to-market ("MTM") losses on equity investments (Non-GAAP)


10.4

%


13.2

%


(2.8)


pts.


6.6

%


8.3

%


(1.7)


pts.
















Income tax expense (D)


173



456



(62.1)




210



507



(58.6)



Net income


$

684



$

821



(16.7)




$

831



$

920



(9.7)


















Earnings per share, diluted


$

2.48



$

2.67



(7.1)




$

2.96



$

2.96





Weighted average shares, diluted


275.6



307.7



(10.4)




280.2



311.1



(9.9)


















NM Not meaningful











 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

STATISTICS




Three Months Ended
June 30,


%
Increase/



Six Months Ended
June 30,


%
Increase/




2018


2017


(Decrease)



2018


2017


(Decrease)


Mainline:















Passengers (thousands)


29,589



28,084



5.4




54,191



51,909



4.4



Revenue passenger miles (millions)


53,485



50,554



5.8




97,595



92,737



5.2



Available seat miles (millions)


63,061



60,473



4.3




117,859



113,527



3.8



Cargo ton miles (millions)


855



828



3.3




1,672



1,576



6.1



Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents)


12.76



12.39



3.0




12.44



12.08



3.0



Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents)


15.04



14.82



1.5




15.02



14.79



1.6



Aircraft in fleet at end of period


757



748



1.2




757



748



1.2



Average stage length (miles)


1,823



1,821



0.1




1,818



1,812



0.3



Average daily utilization of each aircraft (hours: minutes)


11:07



10:46



3.3




10:32



10:16



2.6



Average aircraft fuel price per gallon


$

2.24



$

1.62



38.3




$

2.17



$

1.66



30.7



Fuel gallons consumed (millions)


885



867



2.1




1,656



1,628



1.7


















Regional:















Passengers (thousands)


11,469



10,163



12.9




21,362



19,443



9.9



Revenue passenger miles (millions)


6,460



5,802



11.3




12,199



11,230



8.6



Available seat miles (millions)


7,641



6,994



9.3




14,820



13,748



7.8



Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents)


24.02



23.72



1.3




22.73



22.44



1.3



Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents)


28.41



28.59



(0.6)




27.62



27.47



0.5



Aircraft in fleet at end of period


551



475



16.0




551



475



16.0



Average stage length (miles)


552



558



(1.1)




558



565



(1.2)



Average aircraft fuel price per gallon


$

2.38



$

1.71



39.2




$

2.29



$

1.75



30.9



Fuel gallons consumed (millions)


173



156



10.9




334



305



9.5


















Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):















Passengers (thousands)


41,058



38,247



7.3




75,553



71,352



5.9



Revenue passenger miles (millions)


59,945



56,356



6.4




109,794



103,967



5.6



Available seat miles (millions)


70,702



67,467



4.8




132,679



127,275



4.2



Passenger load factor:















Consolidated


84.8

%


83.5

%


1.3


pts.


82.8

%


81.7

%


1.1


pts.

Domestic


87.1

%


86.8

%


0.3


pts.


85.1

%


85.2

%


(0.1)


pts.

International


81.7

%


79.5

%


2.2


pts.


79.7

%


77.5

%


2.2


pts.

Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents)


13.97



13.56



3.0




13.59



13.20



3.0



Total revenue per available seat mile (cents)


15.24



14.83



2.8




14.93



14.48



3.1



Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents)


16.48



16.24



1.5




16.42



16.16



1.6



Aircraft in fleet at end of period


1,308



1,223



7.0




1,308



1,223



7.0



Average stage length (miles)


1,460



1,475



(1.0)




1,452



1,464



(0.8)



Average full-time equivalent employees (thousands)


86.7



86.0



0.8




86.2



85.6



0.7



Average aircraft fuel price per gallon


$

2.26



$

1.63



38.7




$

2.19



$

1.67



31.1



Fuel gallons consumed (millions)


1,058



1,023



3.4




1,990



1,933



2.9




Note: See Part II, Item 6, Selected Financial Data, of UAL's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, for definitions of these statistics.       

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

SUMMARY FINANCIAL METRICS (A)




Three Months Ended
June 30,


%
Increase/



Six Months Ended
June 30,


%
Increase/




2018


2017


(Decrease)



2018


2017


(Decrease)


(In millions, except per share data)















Operating income


$

1,161



$

1,437



(19.2)




$

1,437



$

1,757



(18.2)



Operating margin


10.8

%


14.4

%


(3.6)


pts.


7.3

%


9.5

%


(2.2)


pts.

Operating income, excluding special charges (Non-GAAP)


1,290



1,481



(12.9)




1,606



1,852



(13.3)



Operating margin, excluding special charges (Non-GAAP)


12.0

%


14.8

%


(2.8)


pts.


8.1

%


10.0

%


(1.9)


pts.
















EBITDA, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (Non-GAAP)


$

1,816



$

1,990



(8.7)




$

2,676



$

2,837



(5.7)



EBITDA margin, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (Non-GAAP)


16.9

%


19.9

%


(3.0)


pts.


13.5

%


15.4

%


(1.9)


pts.
















Pre-tax income


$

857



$

1,277



(32.9)




$

1,041



$

1,427



(27.0)



Pre-tax margin


8.0

%


12.8

%


(4.8)


pts.


5.3

%


7.7

%


(2.4)


pts.

Pre-tax income, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (Non-GAAP)


1,121



1,321



(15.1)




1,300



1,522



(14.6)



Pre-tax margin, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (Non-GAAP)


10.4

%


13.2

%


(2.8)


pts.


6.6

%


8.3

%


(1.7)


pts.
















Net income


$

684



$

821



(16.7)




$

831



$

920



(9.7)



Net income, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments  (Non-GAAP)


889



849



4.7




1,032



981



5.2


















Diluted earnings per share


$

2.48



$

2.67



(7.1)




$

2.96



$

2.96





Diluted earnings per share, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (Non-GAAP)


3.23



2.76



17.0




3.68



3.15



16.8


















Net cash provided by operating activities


$

2,442



$

1,561



56.4




$

4,175



$

2,108



98.1


















Capital expenditures


$

755



$

1,089



(30.7)




$

1,734



$

1,780



(2.6)



Adjusted capital expenditures (Non-GAAP)


783



1,247



(37.2)




1,796



2,601



(30.9)


















Free cash flow, net of financings (Non-GAAP)


$

1,687



$

472



257.4



$

2,441



$

328



NM



Free cash flow (Non-GAAP)


1,659



314



428.3



2,379



(493)



NM


















NM Not meaningful











 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

RETURN ON INVESTED CAPITAL (ROIC) - Non-GAAP


ROIC is a non-GAAP financial measure that we believe provides useful supplemental information for management and investors by measuring the effectiveness of our operations' use of invested capital to generate profits.



(in millions)

Twelve Months Ended
June 30, 2018

Net Operating Profit After Tax ("NOPAT")


Pre-tax income

$

2,654


Special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (C):


  Impairment of assets

159


  MTM losses on equity investments

90


  Severance and benefit costs

63


  (Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges

28


Pre-tax income excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (Non-GAAP)

2,994


add: Interest expense (net of income tax benefit) (a)

689


add: Interest component of capitalized aircraft rent (net of income tax benefit) (a)

260


add: Net interest on pension (net of income tax benefit) (a)

10


less: Income taxes paid

(24)


NOPAT (Non-GAAP)

$

3,929






Average Invested Capital (five-quarter average)


Total assets

$

43,205


add: Capitalized aircraft operating leases (b)

4,227


less: Non-interest bearing liabilities (c)

(16,957)


Average invested capital (Non-GAAP)

$

30,475




Return on invested capital (Non-GAAP)

12.9

%





(a)

Income tax benefit measured based on the effective cash tax rate. The effective cash tax rate is calculated by dividing cash taxes paid by pre-tax income excluding special charges. For the twelve months ended June 30, 2018, the effective cash tax rate was 0.8%.

(b)

The purpose of this adjustment is to capitalize the impact of aircraft operating leases. The company uses a multiple of seven times its annual aircraft rent expense to estimate the potential capitalized value and related liability of its aircraft. This is a simplified method used by many rating agencies and financial analysts to assist with the impact of operating leases on financial measures like return on invested capital.

(c)

Non-interest bearing liabilities include advance ticket sales, frequent flyer deferred revenue, deferred income taxes and other non-interest bearing liabilities.

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION


(A)  UAL evaluates its financial performance utilizing various accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and Non-GAAP financial measures, including operating income (loss), excluding special charges, operating margin excluding special charges, pre-tax income (loss), excluding special charges and MTM gains and losses on equity investments, pre-tax margin, excluding special charges and MTM gains and losses on equity investments, net income (loss), excluding special charges and MTM gains and losses on equity investments, diluted earnings (loss) per share, excluding special charges and MTM gains and losses on equity investments, and CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing, among others. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL believes that adjusting for MTM gains and losses on equity investments is useful to investors because those unrealized gains or losses may not ultimately be realized on a cash basis.


CASM is a common metric used in the airline industry to measure an airline's cost structure and efficiency. UAL reports CASM excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL also believes that excluding third-party business expenses, such as maintenance, ground handling and catering services for third parties and fuel sales, provides more meaningful disclosure because these expenses are not directly related to UAL's core business. UAL also believes that excluding fuel costs from certain measures is useful to investors because it provides an additional measure of management's performance excluding the effects of a significant cost item over which management has limited influence. UAL excludes profit sharing because this exclusion allows investors to better understand and analyze our recurring cost performance and provides a more meaningful comparison of our core operating costs to the airline industry.

Reconciliations of reported non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are included below.    




Three Months Ended
June 30,


%
Increase/


Six Months Ended
June 30,


%
Increase/



2018


2017


(Decrease)


2018


2017


(Decrease)

CASM Mainline Operations (cents)













Cost per available seat mile (CASM)


13.08



12.27



6.6



13.31



12.68



5.0


Special charges (C)


0.20



0.07



NM



0.14



0.09



NM


Third-party business expenses


0.05



0.07



(28.6)



0.05



0.06



(16.7)


Fuel expense


3.14



2.32



35.3



3.05



2.38



28.2


CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses and fuel


9.69



9.81



(1.2)



10.07



10.15



(0.8)


Profit sharing per available seat mile


0.17



0.25



(32.0)



0.10



0.15



(33.3)


CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing


9.52



9.56



(0.4)



9.97



10.00



(0.3)















CASM Consolidated Operations (cents)













Cost per available seat mile (CASM)


13.60



12.70



7.1



13.85



13.10



5.7


Special charges (C)


0.18



0.07



NM



0.13



0.07



NM


Third-party business expenses


0.04



0.05



(20.0)



0.05



0.06



(16.7)


Fuel expense


3.38



2.47



36.8



3.28



2.54



29.1


CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses and fuel


10.00



10.11



(1.1)



10.39



10.43



(0.4)


Profit sharing per available seat mile


0.16



0.23



(30.4)



0.09



0.14



(35.7)


CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing


9.84



9.88



(0.4)



10.30



10.29



0.1


 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)




Three Months Ended
June 30,


$
Increase/


%
Increase/


Six Months Ended
June 30,


$
Increase/


%
Increase/

(in millions)


2018


2017


(Decrease)


(Decrease)


2018


2017


(Decrease)


(Decrease)

Operating expenses


$

9,616



$

8,571



$

1,045



12.2



$

18,372



$

16,677



$

1,695



10.2


Special charges (C)


129



44



85



NM



169



95



74



NM


Operating expenses, excluding special charges


9,487



8,527



960



11.3



18,203



16,582



1,621



9.8


Third-party business expenses


29



41



(12)



(29.3)



60



81



(21)



(25.9)


Fuel expense


2,390



1,669



721



43.2



4,355



3,229



1,126



34.9


Profit sharing, including taxes


108



154



(46)



(29.9)



125



174



(49)



(28.2)


Operating expenses, excluding fuel, profit sharing, special charges and third-party business expenses


$

6,960



$

6,663



$

297



4.5



$

13,663



$

13,098



$

565



4.3



















Operating income


$

1,161



$

1,437



$

(276)



(19.2)



$

1,437



$

1,757



$

(320)



(18.2)


Special charges (C)


129



44



85



NM



169



95



74



NM


Operating income, excluding special charges


$

1,290



$

1,481



$

(191)



(12.9)



$

1,606



$

1,852



$

(246)



(13.3)



















Pre-tax income


$

857



$

1,277



$

(420)



(32.9)



$

1,041



$

1,427



$

(386)



(27.0)


Special charges and MTM losses on equity investments before income taxes (C)


264



44



220



NM



259



95



164



NM


Pre-tax income excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments


$

1,121



$

1,321



$

(200)



(15.1)



$

1,300



$

1,522



$

(222)



(14.6)



















 Net income


$

684



$

821



$

(137)



(16.7)



$

831



$

920



$

(89)



(9.7)


Special charges and MTM losses on equity investments, net of tax (C)


205



28



177



NM



201



61



140



NM


Net income, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments


$

889



$

849



$

40



4.7



$

1,032



$

981



$

51



5.2



















 Diluted earnings per share


$

2.48



$

2.67



$

(0.19)



(7.1)



$

2.96



$

2.96



$




Special charges and MTM losses on equity investments


0.96



0.14



0.82



NM



0.92



0.31



0.61



NM


Tax effect related to special charges and MTM losses on equity investments


(0.21)



(0.05)



(0.16)



NM



(0.20)



(0.12)



(0.08)



NM


Diluted earnings per share, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments


$

3.23



$

2.76



$

0.47



17.0



$

3.68



$

3.15



$

0.53



16.8


 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)


UAL provides financial metrics, including earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA), excluding special charges and MTM gains and losses on equity investments that we believe provide useful supplemental information for management and investors by measuring profit and profit as a percentage of total operating revenues. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL believes that adjusting for MTM gains and losses on equity investments is useful to investors because those unrealized gains or losses may not ultimately be realized on a cash basis.




Three Months Ended
June 30,




Six Months Ended
June 30,


EBITDA, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (in millions)


2018


2017




2018


2017














Net income


$

684



$

821





$

831



$

920



Adjusted for:












Depreciation and amortization


557



536





1,098



1,054



Interest expense


177



167





353



329



Interest capitalized


(14)



(21)





(33)



(44)



Interest income


(25)



(13)





(42)



(24)



Income tax expense (D)


173



456





210



507



Special charges before income taxes (C)


129



44





169



95



MTM losses on equity investments (C)


135







90





EBITDA, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (Non-GAAP)


$

1,816



$

1,990





$

2,676



$

2,837





UAL believes that adjusting capital expenditures for assets acquired through the issuance of debt and capital leases, airport construction financing and excluding fully reimbursable projects is useful to investors in order to appropriately reflect the non-reimbursable funds spent on capital expenditures. UAL also believes that adjusting net cash provided by operating activities for capital expenditures and adjusted capital expenditures is useful to allow investors to evaluate the company's ability to generate cash that is available for debt service or general corporate initiatives.




Three Months Ended
June 30,


Six Months Ended
June 30,

Capital Expenditures (in millions)


2018


2017


2018


2017

Capital expenditures


$

755



$

1,089



$

1,734



$

1,780


Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt and capital leases


65



196



139



907


Airport construction financing




11



12



32


Fully reimbursable projects


(37)



(49)



(89)



(118)


Adjusted capital expenditures (Non-GAAP)


$

783



$

1,247



$

1,796



$

2,601











Free Cash Flow (in millions)









Net cash provided by operating activities


$

2,442



$

1,561



$

4,175



$

2,108


Less capital expenditures


755



1,089



1,734



1,780


Free cash flow, net of financings (Non-GAAP)


$

1,687



$

472



$

2,441



$

328











Net cash provided by operating activities


$

2,442



$

1,561



$

4,175



$

2,108


Less adjusted capital expenditures (Non-GAAP)


783



1,247



1,796



2,601


Free cash flow (Non-GAAP)


$

1,659



$

314



$

2,379



$

(493)


 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NOTES (UNAUDITED)


(B)     Select passenger revenue information is as follows (in millions):




2Q 2018
Passenger
Revenue
(millions)


Passenger
Revenue
vs.
2Q 2017


PRASM
vs.
2Q 2017


Yield
vs.
2Q 2017


Available
Seat Miles
vs.
2Q 2017












Mainline


$

4,395


8.7%


1.7%


1.6%


6.9%

Regional


1,786


10.6%


0.9%


(1.0%)


9.6%

Domestic


6,181


9.2%


1.7%


1.3%


7.4%












Atlantic


1,824


12.9%


7.9%


0.9%


4.7%

Pacific


1,103


3.7%


3.4%


4.3%


0.2%

Latin America


772


(5.2%)


(2.9%)


(4.2%)


(2.3%)

International


3,699


5.9%


4.3%


1.4%


1.6%












Consolidated


$

9,880


8.0%


3.0%


1.5%


4.8%























Mainline


$

8,045


7.4%


3.0%


1.5%


4.3%

Regional


1,835


10.6%


1.3%


(0.6%)


9.3%

Consolidated


$

9,880









 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NOTES (UNAUDITED)


(C)     Special charges and MTM losses on equity investments include the following:




Three Months Ended
June 30,


Six Months Ended
June 30,

(In millions)


2018


2017


2018


2017

Operating:









Impairment of assets


$

111



$



$

134



$


Severance and benefit costs


11



41



25



78


(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges


7



3



10



17


Total special charges


129



44



169



95


Nonoperating MTM losses on equity investments


135





90




Total special charges and MTM losses on equity investments


264



44



259



95


Income tax benefit related to special charges


(29)



(16)



(38)



(34)


Income tax benefit related to MTM losses on equity investments


(30)





(20)




Total special charges and MTM losses on equity investments, net of income taxes


$

205



$

28



$

201



$

61



Impairment of assets:  In May 2018, the Brazil–United States open skies agreement was ratified, which provides air carriers with unrestricted access between the United States and Brazil. The company determined that the approval of the open skies agreement impaired the entire value of its Brazil route authorities because the agreement removes all limitations or reciprocity requirements for flights between the United States and Brazil. Accordingly, the company recorded a $105 million special charge ($82 million net of taxes) to write off the entire value of the intangible asset associated with its Brazil routes. This asset is not part of any collateral pledged against any of the company's borrowings. The company continues to maintain its slot assets related to Brazil since airport access is still restricted by slot allocations that are limited by airport facility constraints. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the company also recorded $6 million ($5 million net of taxes) and $29 million ($22 million net of taxes), respectively, of fair value adjustments related to aircraft purchased off lease and other impairments related to certain fleet types and international slots no longer in use.


Severance and benefit costs:  During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the company recorded severance and benefit costs related to a voluntary early-out program for its technicians and related employees represented by the International Brotherhood of Teamsters of $6 million ($4 million net of taxes) and $14 million ($11 million net of taxes), respectively. In the first quarter of 2017, approximately 1,000 technicians and related employees elected to voluntarily separate from the company and will receive a severance payment, with a maximum value of $100,000 per participant, based on years of service, with retirement dates through 2018. Also during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the company recorded other management severance of $5 million ($4 million net of taxes) and $11 million ($8 million net of taxes), respectively.


During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the company recorded $36 million ($23 million net of taxes) and $57 million ($37 million net of taxes), respectively, of severance and benefit costs related to the voluntary early-out program for its technicians and related employees, and $5 million ($3 million net of taxes) and $21 million ($13 million net of taxes), respectively, of management severance.


(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges: During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recorded $7 million ($5 million net of taxes) and $10 million ($8 million net of taxes), respectively, of other special charges related primarily to contract termination of regional aircraft operations in Guam.


MTM losses on equity investments:  During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the company recorded losses of $135 million ($105 million net of taxes) and $90 million ($70 million net of taxes), respectively, for the change in market value of its investment in Azul, S.A. For equity investments subject to MTM accounting, the company records gains and losses to Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net in its statements of consolidated operations.


(D)    Effective tax rate


The company's effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 was 20.2%, and the effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 was 35.7% and 35.5%, respectively. The effective tax rate represents a blend of federal, state and foreign taxes and included the impact of certain nondeductible items. The effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 also reflects the reduced federal corporate income tax rate as a result of the enactment of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Tax Act") in December 2017 and the impact of a change in the company's mix of domestic and foreign earnings. We continue to analyze the different aspects of the Tax Act which could potentially affect the provisional estimates that were recorded at December 31, 2017.

 

 

SOURCE United Airlines

For further information: United Airlines Worldwide Media Relations, +1-872-825-8640, media.relations@united.com

United Airlines Expects To Deliver Peer-Leading Pre-Tax Margin Growth During First-Quarter 2019

April 16, 2019

CHICAGO, April 16, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- United Airlines (UAL) today announced that a combination of strong top-line revenue performance and effective cost management led to first-quarter pre-tax margin growth that is expected to lead its peers. The company remains confident that it will deliver on its long-term adjusted diluted earnings per share2 (EPS) targets of $10 to $12 in 2019 and $11 to $13 in 2020.

  • Reported first-quarter net income of $292 million, diluted EPS of $1.09, pre-tax earnings of $367 million and pre-tax margin of 3.8 percent, expanding pre-tax margin 1.8 points versus the first quarter of 2018.
  • Reported first-quarter adjusted net income of $309 million, adjusted diluted EPS of $1.15, adjusted pre-tax earnings of $389 million, adjusted pre-tax margin of 4.1 percent, expanding adjusted pre-tax margin 2.1 points versus the first quarter of 2018.1
  • Total passenger revenue increased 7.1 percent versus the first quarter of 2018.
  • First-quarter passenger revenue per available seat mile (PRASM) increased 1.1 percent year-over-year.
  • Consolidated first-quarter unit cost per available seat mile (CASM) decreased 2.1 percent year-over-year.
  • Consolidated first-quarter CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing, decreased 1.8 percent year-over-year.
  • Repurchased $527 million of its common shares in the first-quarter of 2019, at an average purchase price of $83.68 per share.
  • For the second consecutive quarter the airline reported adjusted pre-tax margin expansion.

"We delivered another strong financial quarter in which we made important progress on our customer investments while making strategic decisions to manage our costs and producing pre-tax margin growth that we expect will lead our peers," said Oscar Munoz, chief executive officer of United Airlines. "That's why we are more confident than ever that we'll reach our long-term adjusted EPS targets we unveiled last year. I want to thank all 93,000 of our employees for their incredible work as we overcame some unique challenges and refocused our efforts in 2019 toward elevating the United experience for our customers."

For more information on UAL's second-quarter and full-year 2019 guidance, please visit ir.united.com for the company's investor update.

First-Quarter 2019 Highlights

Operations and Employees

  • Flew the most revenue passengers ever for a first quarter in company history.
  • Despite a weather-challenged first quarter, achieved second-highest mainline on-time departures rate performance versus the major U.S. airlines.
  • Launched Backstage 2019 which will bring all 25,000 flight attendants to Chicago for an event which will help us elevate the way customers feel about their United experience.
  • Earned 100 percent score on Human Rights Campaign Foundation's annual scorecard on LGBTQ workplace equality.
  • Broke ground on a state-of-the-art Technical Operations Center at Los Angeles International Airport that will enable the airline to provide exceptional service for all of its aircraft fleets.
  • Announced headquarters will remain at the iconic Willis Tower in the airline's hometown of Chicago, while making investments to completely transform the current workspace and experience.

Customer Experience

  • Introduced a re-imagined mobile app to customers around the world featuring a more dynamic experience that updates customers at each step of their travel journey while adding enhancements that make managing travel easier.
  • Announced free live DIRECTV on 211 Boeing 737 United aircraft equipped with seat back TV, providing more than 100 channels of live television.
  • Introduced the relaunch of the United MileagePlus X app, which offers United MileagePlus® members a unique opportunity to earn award miles for everyday purchases.
  • Opened the fifth of its award-winning United Polaris Lounges at Los Angeles International Airport.
  • Opened a brand-new 5,000-square-foot United Club at Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport - the first of four new United Club locations set to open in 2019.
  • Announced next step in airline's commitment to making customers more comfortable by adding more than 1,600 United Polaris® business class and United First seats to nearly 250 international and domestic aircraft.
  • Launched new state-of-the-art United Meetings product, available on the airline's business portal, United Jetstream, which makes managing travel and redeeming rewards for meetings and events quicker and more streamlined.
  • Became the first U.S. airline to offer non-binary gender options throughout all booking channels in addition to providing the option to select the title "Mx." during booking and in a MileagePlus customer profile, providing customers the ability to identify themselves corresponding with what is indicated on their passports or identification.

Network

  • Began new service from four hubs to 18 cities in 12 states and one province and launched new nonstop seasonal service between San Francisco and Amsterdam.
  • Announced 11 new domestic routes.
  • Filed an application with the U.S. Department of Transportation for a total of six daily nonstop flights to Tokyo Haneda Airport from six of the airline's hubs.

Fleet

  • Announced a brand new and revolutionary regional flying experience with the addition of the two-cabin, 50-seat Bombardier CRJ 550 aircraft, offering customers on key regional routes more legroom, storage and amenities than any other 50-seat regional aircraft operating today.
  • Became first carrier in the world to operate all three Dreamliner models as its first 787-10 began regular service in January from Los Angeles International Airport to Newark Liberty International Airport.
  • Took delivery of four Boeing 737 MAX 9 aircraft (prior to the March 13, 2019 Federal Aviation Administration order grounding U.S.-registered 737 MAX aircraft) and four Boeing 787-10 aircraft.

Community and Environment

  • Donated $1 million to Feeding America's Shutdown Response Fund to directly support the food banks providing food for families of federal workers.
  • Launched Her Art Here, a first-of-its-kind contest designed to find and uplift underrepresented women artists by providing a chance to paint a canvas like no other - a United Airlines aircraft.

Earnings Call

UAL will hold a conference call to discuss its first-quarter 2019 financial results and its financial and operational outlook for second-quarter and full-year 2019 on Wednesday, April 17, at 9:30 a.m. Central time /10:30 a.m. Eastern time. A live, listen-only webcast of the conference call will be available at ir.united.com. The webcast will be available for replay within 24 hours of the conference call and then archived on the website for three months.

Every customer. Every flight. Every day.

In 2019, United is focusing more than ever on its commitment to its customers, looking at every aspect of its business to ensure that the carrier keeps customers' best interests at the heart of its service. In addition to today's announcement, United recently announced that luxury skincare line Sunday Riley will make products exclusively for United customers to experience in amenity kits, released a re-imagined version of the most downloaded app in the airline industry and made DIRECTV free for every passenger on 211 aircraft, offering more than 100 channels on seat back monitors on more than 30,000 seats.

About United

United's shared purpose is "Connecting People. Uniting the World." We are more focused than ever on our commitment to customers through a series of innovations and improvements designed to help build a great experience: Every customer. Every flight. Every day. Together, United Airlines and United Express operate approximately 4,900 flights a day to 355 airports across five continents. In 2018, United and United Express operated more than 1.7 million flights carrying more than 158 million customers. United is proud to have the world's most comprehensive route network, including U.S. mainland hubs in Chicago, Denver, Houston, Los Angeles, New York/Newark, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. United operates 779 mainline aircraft and the airline's United Express carriers operate 569 regional aircraft. United is a founding member of Star Alliance, which provides service to 193 countries via 28 member airlines. For more information, visit united.com, follow @United on Twitter and Instagram or connect on Facebook. The common stock of United's parent, United Continental Holdings, Inc., is traded on the Nasdaq under the symbol "UAL".

1 Excludes special charges, the mark-to-market impact of financial instruments and imputed interest on certain finance leases. Reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are included in the tables accompanying this release.
2Excludes special charges and the mark-to-market impact of financial instruments, the nature of which are not determined at this time, and imputed interest on certain finance leases. Accordingly, UAL is not providing earnings guidance on a GAAP basis.

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: Certain statements included in this release are forward-looking and thus reflect our current expectations and beliefs with respect to certain current and future events and anticipated financial and operating performance. Such forward-looking statements are and will be subject to many risks and uncertainties relating to our operations and business environment that may cause actual results to differ materially from any future results expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. Words such as "expects," "will," "plans," "anticipates," "indicates," "believes," "estimates," "forecast," "guidance," "outlook," "goals," "targets" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Additionally, forward-looking statements include statements that do not relate solely to historical facts, such as statements which identify uncertainties or trends, discuss the possible future effects of current known trends or uncertainties, or which indicate that the future effects of known trends or uncertainties cannot be predicted, guaranteed or assured. All forward-looking statements in this release are based upon information available to us on the date of this release. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. Our actual results could differ materially from these forward-looking statements due to numerous factors including, without limitation, the following: our ability to execute our strategic operating plan, including our growth, revenue-generating and cost-control initiatives; general economic conditions (including interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, investment or credit market conditions, crude oil prices, costs of aircraft fuel and energy refining capacity in relevant markets); risks of doing business globally, including instability and political developments that may impact our operations in certain countries; demand for travel and the impact that global economic and political conditions have on customer travel patterns; our capacity decisions and the capacity decisions of our competitors; competitive pressures on pricing and on demand; changes in aircraft fuel prices; disruptions in our supply of aircraft fuel; our ability to cost-effectively hedge against increases in the price of aircraft fuel, if we decide to do so; the effects of any technology failures or cybersecurity breaches; disruptions to services provided by third-party service providers; potential reputational or other impact from adverse events involving our aircraft or operations, the aircraft or operations of our regional carriers or our code share partners or the aircraft or operations of another airline; our ability to attract and retain customers; the effects of any terrorist attacks, international hostilities or other security events, or the fear of such events; the mandatory grounding of aircraft in our fleet; disruptions to our regional network; the impact of regulatory, investigative and legal proceedings and legal compliance risks; the success of our investments in other airlines, including in other parts of the world; industry consolidation or changes in airline alliances; the ability of other air carriers with whom we have alliances or partnerships to provide the services contemplated by the respective arrangements with such carriers; costs associated with any modification or termination of our aircraft orders; disruptions in the availability of aircraft, parts or support from our suppliers; our ability to maintain satisfactory labor relations and the results of any collective bargaining agreement process with our union groups; any disruptions to operations due to any potential actions by our labor groups; labor costs; an outbreak of a disease that affects travel demand or travel behavior; the impact of any management changes; extended interruptions or disruptions in service at major airports where we operate; U.S. or foreign governmental legislation, regulation and other actions (including Open Skies agreements, environmental regulations and the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union); the seasonality of the airline industry; weather conditions; the costs and availability of aviation and other insurance; the costs and availability of financing; our ability to maintain adequate liquidity; our ability to comply with the terms of our various financing arrangements; our ability to realize the full value of our intangible assets and long-lived assets;-; and other risks and uncertainties set forth under Part I, Item 1A., "Risk Factors," of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, as well as other risks and uncertainties set forth from time to time in the reports we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

-tables attached-

On January 1, 2019, United Continental Holdings, Inc. ("UAL") adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases ("Topic 842"). As such, certain previously reported 2018 figures are adjusted in this report on a basis consistent with Topic 842.

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)




Three Months Ended
March 31,


%
Increase/
(Decrease)


(In millions, except per share data)


2019


2018



Operating revenue:








Passenger


$

8,725



$

8,149



7.1



Cargo


286



293



(2.4)



Other operating revenue


578



590



(2.0)



Total operating revenue


9,589



9,032



6.2











Operating expense:








Salaries and related costs


2,873



2,726



5.4



Aircraft fuel


2,023



1,965



3.0



Regional capacity purchase


688



630



9.2



Landing fees and other rent


588



579



1.6



Depreciation and amortization


547



524



4.4



Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs


408



440



(7.3)



Distribution expenses


360



342



5.3



Aircraft rent


81



127



(36.2)



Special charges (B)


18



40



NM



Other operating expenses


1,508



1,397



7.9



Total operating expense


9,094



8,770



3.7











Operating income


495



262



88.9











Operating margin


5.2

%


2.9

%


2.3


pts.

Adjusted operating margin (Non-GAAP) (A)


5.3

%


3.3

%


2.0


pts.









Nonoperating income (expense):








Interest expense


(188)



(162)



16.0



Interest capitalized


22



18



22.2



Interest income


29



17



70.6



Miscellaneous, net (B)


9



47



(80.9)



Total nonoperating expense


(128)



(80)



60.0











Income before income taxes


367



182



101.6











Pre-tax margin


3.8

%


2.0

%


1.8


pts.

Adjusted pre-tax margin (Non-GAAP) (A)


4.1

%


2.0

%


2.1


pts.









Income tax expense (D)


75



37



102.7



Net income


$

292



$

145



101.4











Diluted earnings per share


$

1.09



$

0.51



113.7



Diluted weighted average shares


268.3



284.9



(5.8)











NM Not meaningful








UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

PASSENGER REVENUE INFORMATION AND STATISTICS


Passenger revenue information is as follows:




1Q 2019
Passenger
Revenue
(millions)


Passenger
Revenue
vs.
1Q 2018


PRASM
vs.
1Q 2018


Yield
vs.
1Q 2018


Available
Seat Miles
vs.
1Q 2018


1Q 2019
Available Seat
Miles (millions)

Domestic


$

5,367



8.0%


0.6%


0.9%


7.4%


36,726















Atlantic


1,331



6.3%


(2.8%)


(4.8%)


9.4%


10,626


Pacific


1,121



4.9%


4.5%


2.2%


0.3%


10,923


Latin America


906



5.3%


2.6%


2.3%


2.6%


7,370


International


3,358



5.6%


1.4%


(0.1%)


4.1%


28,919















Consolidated


$

8,725



7.1%


1.1%


0.5%


5.9%


65,645















Select operating statistics are as follows:




Three Months Ended
March 31,


%
Increase/
(Decrease)




2019


2018




Passengers (thousands)


36,454



34,495



5.7



Revenue passenger miles (millions)


53,097



49,849



6.5



Available seat miles (millions)


65,645



61,977



5.9



Passenger load factor:








Consolidated


80.9

%


80.4

%


0.5


pts.

Domestic


82.6

%


82.8

%


(0.2)


pts.

International


78.7

%


77.5

%


1.2


pts.

Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents)


13.29



13.15



1.1



Total revenue per available seat mile (cents)


14.61



14.57



0.3



Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents)


16.43



16.35



0.5



Aircraft in fleet at end of period


1,348



1,295



4.1



Average stage length (miles)


1,448



1,443



0.3



Average full-time equivalent employees


88,730



85,561



3.7



Average aircraft fuel price per gallon


$

2.05



$

2.11



(2.8)



Fuel gallons consumed (millions)


985



932



5.7




Note: See Part II, Item 6, Selected Financial Data, of UAL's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, for definitions of these statistics.

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)


(In millions)

March 31, 2019


December 31, 2018

ASSETS




Current assets:




Cash and cash equivalents

$

1,848



$

1,694


Short-term investments

2,219



2,256


Receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts

1,789



1,426


Aircraft fuel, spare parts and supplies, less obsolescence allowance

972



985


Prepaid expenses and other

780



733


Total current assets

7,608



7,094






Total operating property and equipment, net

28,586



27,399


Operating lease right-of-use assets

5,065



5,262






Other assets:




Goodwill

4,523



4,523


Intangibles, less accumulated amortization

3,144



3,159


Restricted cash

103



105


Notes receivable, net

512



516


Investments in affiliates and other, net

1,098



966


Total other assets

9,380



9,269


Total assets

$

50,639



$

49,024






LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY




Current liabilities:




Advance ticket sales

$

6,006



$

4,381


Accounts payable

2,707



2,363


Frequent flyer deferred revenue

2,388



2,286


Accrued salaries and benefits

1,660



2,184


Current maturities of long-term debt

1,201



1,230


Current maturities of finance leases

133



123


Current maturities of operating leases

639



719


Other

601



553


Total current liabilities

15,335



13,839






Other long-term liabilities and deferred credits:




Long-term debt

12,734



12,215


Long-term obligations under finance leases

236



224


Long-term obligations under operating leases

5,145



5,276


Frequent flyer deferred revenue

2,750



2,719


Postretirement benefit liability

1,287



1,295


Pension liability

1,454



1,576


Deferred income taxes

898



828


Other

998



1,010


Total other long-term liabilities and deferred credits

25,502



25,143


Stockholders' equity

9,802



10,042


Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

50,639



$

49,024


UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)


(In millions)

Three Months Ended
March 31,


2019


2018

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:




Net cash provided by operating activities

$

1,915



$

1,709






Cash Flows from Investing Activities:




Capital expenditures

(1,609)



(944)


Purchases of short-term and other investments

(724)



(596)


Proceeds from sale of short-term and other investments

768



840


Loans made to others



(10)


Investment in affiliates

(27)




Other, net

12



15


Net cash used in investing activities

(1,580)



(695)






Cash Flows from Financing Activities:




Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

646



673


Payments of long-term debt

(250)



(189)


Repurchases of common stock

(513)



(529)


Principal payments under finance leases

(20)



(18)


Capitalized financing costs

(17)



(16)


Other, net

(29)



(16)


Net cash used in financing activities

(183)



(95)


Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

152



919


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of the period

1,799



1,591


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of the period

$

1,951



$

2,510






Investing and Financing Activities Not Affecting Cash:




Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt

$

92



$

60


Operating lease conversions to finance lease

36




Right-of-use assets acquired through operating leases

51



103


Property and equipment acquired through finance leases

8




UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

RETURN ON INVESTED CAPITAL (ROIC)—Non-GAAP


ROIC is a non-GAAP financial measure that UAL believes provides useful supplemental information for management and investors by measuring the effectiveness of the company's operations' use of invested capital to generate profits.

(in millions)

Twelve Months Ended
March 31, 2019

Net Operating Profit After Tax ("NOPAT")


Pre-tax income

$

2,833


Adjustments:


Special charges and mark-to-market ("MTM") losses on financial instruments:


Impairment of assets

362


Termination of a maintenance service agreement

64


Severance and benefit costs

33


MTM losses on financial instruments

33


(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges

6


Pre-tax income excluding special charges and MTM losses on financial instruments (Non-GAAP)

3,331


add: Interest expense (net of income tax benefit) (a)

693


add: Interest component of capitalized aircraft rent (net of income tax benefit) (a)

193


add: Net interest on pension (net of income tax benefit) (a)

(12)


less: Income taxes paid

(14)


NOPAT (Non-GAAP)

$

4,191






Average Invested Capital (five-quarter average)


Total assets

$

49,392


less: Non-interest bearing liabilities (b)

(16,966)


Average invested capital (Non-GAAP)

$

32,426




ROIC (Non-GAAP)

12.9

%



(a)

Income tax benefit measured based on the effective cash tax rate. The effective cash tax rate is calculated by dividing cash taxes paid by pre-tax income excluding special charges and MTM gains on financial instruments. For the twelve months ended March 31, 2019, the effective cash tax rate was 0.4%.

(b)

Non-interest bearing liabilities include advance ticket sales, frequent flyer deferred revenue, deferred income taxes and other non-interest bearing liabilities.

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION


(A) UAL evaluates its financial performance utilizing various accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and Non-GAAP financial measures, including adjusted operating income (loss), adjusted operating margin, adjusted pre-tax income (loss), adjusted pre-tax margin, adjusted net income (loss), adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share and CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing, among others. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL believes that adjusting for MTM gains and losses on financial instruments is useful to investors because those unrealized gains or losses may not ultimately be realized on a cash basis. UAL believes that adjusting for interest expense related to finance leases of Embraer ERJ 145 aircraft is useful to investors because of the accelerated recognition of interest expense.


CASM is a common metric used in the airline industry to measure an airline's cost structure and efficiency. UAL reports CASM excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL also believes that excluding third-party business expenses, such as maintenance, ground handling and catering services for third parties and fuel sales, provides more meaningful disclosure because these expenses are not directly related to UAL's core business. UAL also believes that excluding fuel costs from certain measures is useful to investors because it provides an additional measure of management's performance excluding the effects of a significant cost item over which management has limited influence. UAL excludes profit sharing because this exclusion allows investors to better understand and analyze our operating cost performance and provides a more meaningful comparison of our core operating costs to the airline industry.


Reconciliations of reported non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are included below.



Three Months Ended

March 31,


%
Increase/
(Decrease)




2019


2018



CASM (cents)








Cost per available seat mile (CASM) (GAAP)


13.85



14.15



(2.1)



Special charges (B)


0.02



0.07



NM



Third-party business expenses


0.05



0.05





Fuel expense


3.08



3.17



(2.8)



Profit sharing, including taxes


0.05



0.02



150.0



CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing (Non-GAAP)


10.65



10.84



(1.8)




NM Not Meaningful

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)




Three Months Ended
March 31,


$
Increase/
(Decrease)


%
Increase/
(Decrease)


(in millions)


2019


2018



Operating expenses (GAAP)


$

9,094



$

8,770



$

324



3.7



Special charges (B)


18



40



(22)



NM



Operating expenses, excluding special charges


9,076



8,730



346



4.0



Adjusted to exclude:










Third-party business expenses


30



31



(1)



(3.2)



Fuel expense


2,023



1,965



58



3.0



Profit sharing, including taxes


33



17



16



94.1



Adjusted operating expenses (Non-GAAP)


$

6,990



$

6,717



$

273



4.1













Operating income (GAAP)


$

495



$

262



$

233



88.9



Adjusted to exclude:










Special charges (B)


18



40



(22)



NM



Adjusted operating income (Non-GAAP)


$

513



$

302



$

211



69.9













Pre-tax income (GAAP)


$

367



$

182



$

185



101.6



Adjusted to exclude:










Special charges (B)


18



40



(22)



NM



MTM gains on financial instruments (B)


(17)



(45)



28



NM



Interest expense on ERJ 145 finance leases (C)


21





21



NM



Adjusted pre-tax income (Non-GAAP)


$

389



$

177



$

212



119.8













Net income (GAAP)


$

292



$

145



$

147



101.4



Adjusted to exclude:










Special charges (B)


18



40



(22)



NM



MTM gains on financial instruments (B)


(17)



(45)



28



NM



Interest expense on ERJ 145 finance leases (C)


21





21



NM



Income tax expense (benefit) related to adjustments above


(5)



1



(6)



NM



Adjusted net income (Non-GAAP)


$

309



$

141



$

168



119.1













Diluted earnings per share (GAAP)


$

1.09



$

0.51



$

0.58



113.7



Adjusted to exclude:










Special charges (B)


0.07



0.14



(0.07)



NM



MTM gains on financial instruments (B)


(0.07)



(0.16)



0.09



NM



Interest expense on ERJ 145 finance leases (C)


0.08





0.08



NM



Income tax benefit related to adjustments


(0.02)





(0.02)



NM



Adjusted diluted earnings per share (Non-GAAP)


$

1.15



$

0.49



$

0.66



134.7




NM Not Meaningful

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)


UAL believes that adjusting capital expenditures for assets acquired through the issuance of debt and finance leases is useful to investors in order to appropriately reflect the total amounts spent on capital expenditures. UAL also believes that adjusting net cash provided by operating activities for capital expenditures and adjusted capital expenditures is useful to allow investors to evaluate the company's ability to generate cash that is available for debt service or general corporate initiatives.



Three Months Ended
March 31,


Capital Expenditures (in millions)


2019


2018


Capital expenditures (GAAP)


$

1,609



$

944



Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt


92



60



Property and equipment acquired through finance leases


8





Adjusted capital expenditures (Non-GAAP)


$

1,709



$

1,004









Free Cash Flow (in millions)






Net cash provided by operating activities (GAAP)


$

1,915



$

1,709



Less capital expenditures


1,609



944



Free cash flow, net of financings (Non-GAAP)


$

306



$

765









Net cash provided by operating activities (GAAP)


$

1,915



$

1,709



Less adjusted capital expenditures (Non-GAAP)


1,709



1,004



Free cash flow (Non-GAAP)


$

206



$

705



UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NOTES (UNAUDITED)


(B) Special charges and MTM gains on financial instruments include the following:



Three Months Ended
March 31,


(In millions)


2019


2018


Operating:






Impairment of assets


$

8



$

23



Severance and benefit costs


6



14



(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges


4



3



Total special charges


18



40



Nonoperating MTM gains on financial instruments


(17)



(45)



Total special charges and MTM gains on financial instruments


1



(5)



Income tax expense related to special charges and MTM gains on financial instruments




1



Total special charges and MTM gains on financial instruments, net of income taxes


$

1



$

(4)



Impairment of assets: During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the company recorded an $8 million fair value adjustment for aircraft purchased off lease. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the company recorded a $23 million fair value adjustment for aircraft purchased off lease and impairments related to certain fleet types and certain international slots no longer in use.


Severance and benefit costs: During the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the company recorded $2 million and $8 million, respectively, of severance and benefit costs primarily related to a voluntary early-out program for its technicians and related employees represented by the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. In the first quarter of 2017, approximately 1,000 technicians and related employees elected to voluntarily separate from the company and received a severance payment, with a maximum value of $100,000 per participant, based on years of service, with retirement dates through early 2019. Also during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the company recorded $4 million and $6 million, respectively, of management severance.


MTM gains on financial instruments: During the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the company recorded gains of $14 million and $45 million, respectively, for the change in market value of its investment in Azul Linhas Aéreas Brasileiras S.A. During the first quarter of 2019, the company recorded gains of $3 million for the change in fair value of certain derivative assets related to equity of Avianca Holdings S.A. For equity investments and derivative assets subject to MTM accounting, the company records gains and losses as part of Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net in its statements of consolidated operations.


(C) Interest expense related to finance leases of Embraer ERJ 145 aircraft


During the third quarter of 2018, United entered into an agreement with the lessor of 54 Embraer ERJ 145 aircraft to purchase those aircraft in 2019. The provisions of the new lease agreement resulted in a change in accounting classification of these new leases from operating leases to finance leases up until the purchase date. The company recognized $21 million of additional interest expense in the three months ended March 31, 2019 as a result of this change.


(D