United Announces Full-Year 2015 Profit - United Hub

United Airlines Announces Full-Year 2015 Profit

January 21, 2016

CHICAGO, Jan. 21, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- United Airlines (UAL) today reported its fourth-quarter and full-year 2015 financial results.

  • UAL reported full-year net income of $4.5 billion, or $11.88 per diluted share, excluding special items. Including special items, UAL reported full-year net income of $7.3 billion. These results include a nonrecurring $3.1 billion non-cash benefit associated with the reversal of the company's income tax valuation allowance.
  • UAL reported fourth-quarter net income of $934 million, or $2.54 per diluted share, excluding special items. Including special items, UAL reported fourth-quarter net income of $823 million.
  • Today, UAL announced it reached an agreement to acquire 40 new Boeing 737-700 aircraft which will enter the fleet beginning in mid-2017, replacing a portion of the capacity currently operated by regional partners.
  • Employees earned a record $698 million in profit sharing for full-year 2015.

"We improved our operational performance, continued to invest in our products and services and achieved record financial performance," said Brett J. Hart, UAL's acting chief executive officer. "We have great momentum as we head into 2016 and are committed to continuously earning the trust of our customers and employees. I'm proud of what we accomplished together, running a reliable airline and making the right investments to deliver shareholder value. We expect first-quarter pre-tax margin to be between 8 and 10 percent, excluding special items."

Full-Year and Fourth-Quarter Revenue and Capacity

For the fourth quarter of 2015, total revenue was $9.0 billion, a decrease of 3.0 percent year-over-year. Fourth-quarter 2015 consolidated PRASM decreased 6.0 percent and consolidated yield decreased 7.2 percent compared to the fourth quarter of 2014. For the full-year 2015, consolidated PRASM declined 4.4 percent versus the prior year. The declines in PRASM and yield were driven largely by a strong U.S. dollar, lower surcharges, travel reductions from customers impacted by declining oil prices and softening domestic and international yields.

Passenger revenue for the fourth quarter and full year of 2015 and period-to-period comparisons of related statistics for UAL's mainline and regional operations are included in the tables in the back of this document.

Full-Year and Fourth-Quarter Costs

Total operating expense excluding special charges was $7.8 billion in the fourth quarter, down 8.1 percent year-over-year. Including special charges, total operating expense was $8.0 billion, an 8.4 percent decrease year-over-year. The decrease was largely driven by lower oil prices. Consolidated unit cost (CASM), excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing, was flat compared to the fourth quarter of 2014. Consolidated CASM including those items decreased 10 percent year-over-year. For the full year, consolidated CASM excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing decreased 0.7 percent year-over-year. This strong cost performance was largely the result of improved efficiency as part of the company's Project Quality and upgauging initiatives and better completion as a result of improved operational performance. Consolidated CASM including those items decreased 11.9 percent compared to full-year 2014.

Liquidity and Capital Allocation

In the fourth quarter, UAL generated $1.1 billion in operating cash flow and $324 million in free cash flow, and ended the quarter with $6.5 billion in unrestricted liquidity, including $1.35 billion of undrawn commitments under its revolving credit facility. During the fourth quarter, the company continued to invest in its business through gross capital expenditures of $791 million, excluding fully reimbursable projects, including approximately $300 million in aircraft-related deposits that shifted to the fourth quarter of 2015 from the first quarter of 2016.

The company spent $520 million toward its $3 billion share repurchase authorization in the fourth quarter. For the year, United repurchased approximately $1.2 billion worth of shares.

UAL earned a 21.0 percent return on invested capital for the 12 months ended Dec. 31, 2015.

Fleet Updates

Today, UAL announced it would take delivery of 40 new Boeing 737-700 aircraft, which will enter the fleet beginning in mid-2017. These aircraft will replace a portion of the capacity currently operated by the company's regional partners, as the company expects to reduce by more than half the number of 50-seat aircraft in its fleet by 2019.

"Our customers have a preference for an improved travel experience, including first class seats, Economy Plus, and Wi-Fi. These aircraft are an efficient way to meet those needs while reducing 50-seat flying," said Gerry Laderman, UAL's acting chief financial officer.

For more information on UAL's first-quarter 2016 guidance, please visit ir.united.com for the company's investor update.

The company will provide further details on its full-year 2015 financial results on an investor conference call today at 9:30 a.m. CT. Participants in the call will include Oscar Munoz, president and CEO; Brett J. Hart, acting CEO; Gerry Laderman, acting chief financial officer; Jim Compton, vice chairman and chief revenue officer; and Greg Hart, executive vice president and chief operations officer.

About United

United Airlines and United Express operate an average of nearly 5,000 flights a day to 342 airports across six continents. In 2015, United and United Express operated nearly two million flights carrying 140 million customers. United is proud to have the world's most comprehensive route network, including U.S. mainland hubs in Chicago, Denver, Houston, Los Angeles, New York/Newark, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. United operates more than 700 mainline aircraft, and this year, the airline anticipates taking delivery of 20 new Boeing aircraft, including 737NGs, 787s and 777s. The airline is a founding member of Star Alliance, which provides service to 192 countries via 28 member airlines. Approximately 84,000 United employees reside in every U.S. state and in countries around the world. For more information, visit united.com, follow @United on Twitter or connect on Facebook. The common stock of United's parent, United Continental Holdings, Inc., is traded on the NYSE under the symbol UAL.

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: Certain statements included in this release are forward-looking and thus reflect our current expectations and beliefs with respect to certain current and future events and financial performance. Such forward-looking statements are and will be subject to many risks and uncertainties relating to our operations and business environment that may cause actual results to differ materially from any future results expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. Words such as "expects," "will," "plans," "anticipates," "indicates," "believes," "forecast," "guidance," "outlook," "goals" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Additionally, forward-looking statements include statements that do not relate solely to historical facts, such as statements which identify uncertainties or trends, discuss the possible future effects of current known trends or uncertainties or which indicate that the future effects of known trends or uncertainties cannot be predicted, guaranteed or assured. All forward-looking statements in this report are based upon information available to us on the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. Our actual results could differ materially from these forward-looking statements due to numerous factors including, without limitation, the following: our ability to comply with the terms of our various financing arrangements; the costs and availability of financing; our ability to maintain adequate liquidity; our ability to execute our operational plans, including optimizing our revenue; our ability to control our costs, including realizing benefits from our resource optimization efforts, cost reduction initiatives and fleet replacement programs; our ability to utilize our net operating losses; our ability to attract and retain customers; demand for transportation in the markets in which we operate; an outbreak of a disease that affects travel demand or travel behavior; demand for travel and the impact that global economic conditions have on customer travel patterns; excessive taxation and the inability to offset future taxable income; general economic conditions (including interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, investment or credit market conditions, crude oil prices, costs of aircraft fuel and energy refining capacity in relevant markets); our ability to cost-effectively hedge against increases in the price of aircraft fuel; any potential realized or unrealized gains or losses related to fuel or currency hedging programs; the effects of any hostilities, act of war or terrorist attack; the ability of other air carriers with whom we have alliances or partnerships to provide the services contemplated by the respective arrangements with such carriers; the costs and availability of aviation and other insurance; industry consolidation or changes in airline alliances; competitive pressures on pricing and on demand; our capacity decisions and the capacity decisions of our competitors; U.S. or foreign governmental legislation, regulation and other actions (including open skies agreements and environmental regulations); the impact of regulatory, investigative and legal proceedings and legal compliance risks; the impact of any management changes; our CEO's health prognosis and return from medical leave; labor costs; our ability to maintain satisfactory labor relations and the results of the collective bargaining agreement process with our union groups; any disruptions to operations due to any potential actions by our labor groups; weather conditions; and other risks and uncertainties set forth under Item 1A., Risk Factors, of UAL's Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as other risks and uncertainties set forth from time to time in the reports we file with the SEC.

-tables attached-

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
THREE MONTHS AND YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015 AND 2014
(In millions, except per share data)

(In millions, except per share data) Three Months Ended
December 31, 2015
Three Months Ended
December 31, 2014
%
Increase/
(Decrease)
Year Ended
December 31, 2015
Year Ended
December 31, 2014
%
Increase/
(Decrease)
Operating revenue:
Passenger: (A)
Mainline
$6,180 $6,375 (3.1) $26,333 $26,785 (1.7)
Operating revenue: Passenger: (A) Regional 1,549 1,708 (9.3) 6,452 6,977 (7.5)
Operating revenue: Passenger: (A) Total passenger revenue 7,729 8,083 (4.4) 32,785 33,762 (2.9)
Operating revenue: Cargo 231 260 (11.2) 937 938 (0.1)
Operating revenue: Other operating revenue 1,076 970 10.9 4,142 4,201 (1.4)
Operating revenue:Other operating revenue: Total operating revenue 9,036 9,313 (3.0) 37,864 38,901 (2.7)
Operating expense:
Salaries and related costs
2,424 2,251 7.7 9,713 8,935 8.7
Operating expense: Aircraft fuel(B) 1,618 2,530 (36.0) 7,522 11,675 (35.6)
Operating expense: Regional capacity purchase 565 597 (5.4) 2,290 2,344 (2.3)
Operating expense: Landing fees and other rent 556 568 (2.1) 2,203 2,274 (3.1)
Operating expense: Depreciation and amortization 476 431 10.4 1,819 1,679 8.3
Operating expense: Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs 399 415 (3.9) 1,651 1,779 (7.2)
Operating expense: Distribution expenses 316 334 (5.4) 1,342 1,373 (2.3)
Operating expense: Aircraft rent 174 215 (19.1) 754 883 (14.6)
Operating expense: Special charges (C) 131 179 NM1 326 443 NM1
Operating expense: Other operating expenses 1,296 1,168 11.0 5,078 5,143 (1.3)
Operating expense: Other Operating Expenses: Total operating expenses 7,955 8,688 (8.4) 32,698 36,528 (10.5)
Operating income: Operating income 1,081 625 73.0 5,166 2,373 117.7
Nonoperating income (expense):
Interest expense
(165) (176) (6.3) (669) (735) (9.0)
Nonoperating income (expense): Interest capitalized 11 12 (8.3) 49 52 (5.8)
Nonoperating income (expense): Interest income 9 5 80.0 25 22 13.6
Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net (C) (31) (443) (93.0) (352) (584) (39.7)
Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net (C): Total nonoperating expense (176) (602) (70.8) (947) (1,245) (23.9)
Income before income taxes: Income before income taxes 905 23 NM 4,219 1,128 274.0
Income tax expense: Income tax expense (benefit) (D) 82 (5) NM1 (3,121) (4) NM1
Net income: Net income $823 $28 NM $7,340 $1,132 NM
Earnings per share: Earnings per share, basic $2.24 $0.08 NM $19.52 $3.05 NM
Earnings per share: Earnings per share, diluted $2.24 $0.07 NM $19.47 $2.93 NM
Weighted average shares: Weighted average shares, basic 367 372 (1.3) 376 371 1.3
Weighted average shares: Weighted average shares, diluted 367 376 (2.4) 377 390 (3.3)
  1. NM means Not Meaningful

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES (UNAUDITED)

(A) Select passenger revenue information is as follows (in millions):
4Q 2015
Passenger
Revenue
(millions)
Passenger
Revenue
vs.
4Q 2014
PRASM
vs.
4Q 2014
Yield
vs.
4Q 2014
Available
Seat Miles
vs.
4Q 2014
Domestic $3,249 0.9% (3.2%) (5.6%) 4.3%
Atlantic 1,314 (3.2%) (2.7%) (1.5%) (0.5%)
Pacific 1,012 (8.6%) (8.6%) (9.2%) 0.0%
Latin America 605 (12.6%) (20.9%) (20.8%) 10.5%
International 2,931 (7.1%) (8.9%) (8.7%) 1.9%
Mainline 6,180 (3.1%) (6.0%) (7.1%) 3.1%
Regional 1,549 (9.3%) (3.0%) (4.2%) (6.6%)
Consolidated $7,729 (4.4%) (6.0%) (7.2%) 1.8%

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES (UNAUDITED)

(B) UAL's results of operations include fuel expense for both mainline and regional operations. (In millions, except per share data)
Three Months Ended
December 31, 2015
Three Months Ended
December 31, 2014
%
Increase/
(Decrease)
Year Ended
December 31, 2015
Year Ended
December 31, 2014
%
Increase/
(Decrease)
Mainline fuel expense excluding hedge impacts $1,184 $1,982 (40.3) $5,711 $9,408 (39.3)
Hedge losses reported in fuel expense 2 (175) (85) NM1 (604) (89) NM1
Total mainline fuel expense 1,359 2,067 (34.3) 6,315 9,497 (33.5)
Regional fuel expense 259 463 (44.1) 1,207 2,178 (44.6)
Consolidated fuel expense 1,618 2,530 (36.0) 7,522 11,675 (35.6)
Cash paid on settled hedges that did not qualify for hedge accounting 3 (115) (151) NM1 (329) (138) NM1
Fuel expense including all losses from settled hedges $1,733 $2,681 (35.4) $7,851 $11,813 (33.5)
Mainline fuel consumption (gallons) 784 769 2.0 3,216 3,183 1.0
Mainline average aircraft fuel price per gallon excluding hedge losses recorded in fuel expense $1.51 $2.58 (41.5) $1.78 $2.96 (39.9)
Mainline average aircraft fuel price per gallon $1.73 $2.69 (35.7) $1.96 $2.98 (34.2)
Mainline average aircraft fuel price per gallon including cash paid on settled hedges that did not qualify for hedge accounting $1.88 $2.88 (34.7) $2.07 $3.03 (31.7)
Regional fuel consumption (gallons) 167 179 (6.7) 670 722 (7.2)
Regional average aircraft fuel price per gallon $1.55 $2.59 (40.2) $1.80 $3.02 (40.4)
Consolidated fuel consumption (gallons) 951 948 0.3 3,886 3,905 (0.5)
Consolidated average aircraft fuel price per gallon excluding hedge losses recorded in fuel expense $1.52 $2.58 (41.1) $1.78 $2.97 (40.1)
Consolidated average aircraft fuel price per gallon $1.70 $2.67 (36.3) $1.94 $2.99 (35.1)
Consolidated average aircraft fuel price per gallon including cash paid on settled hedges that did not qualify for hedge accounting $1.82 $2.83 (35.7) $2.02 $3.03 (33.3)
  1. Includes losses from settled hedges that were designated for hedge accounting. UAL allocates 100 percent of hedge accounting gains (losses) to mainline fuel expense.
  2. Includes ineffectiveness losses on settled hedges and losses on settled hedges that were not designated for hedge accounting. Ineffectiveness gains (losses) and gains (losses) on hedges that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recorded in Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net.
UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES (UNAUDITED)

(C) Special items include the following:
(In millions) Three Months Ended
December 31, 2015 (In millions)
Three Months Ended
December 31, 2014 (In millions)
Year Ended
December 31, 2015 (In millions)
Year Ended
December 31, 2014 (In millions)
Operating:
Impairment of assets
$48 $16 $79 $49
Operating:Integration-related costs 13 17 60 96
Operating:Severance and benefit costs 4 141 107 199
Operating:(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other miscellaneous (gains) losses, net 66 5 80 99
Operating: (Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges:Special charges 131 179 326 443
Nonoperating and income taxes:
Losses on extinguishment of debt and other, net
7 53 202 74
Nonoperating and income taxes:Income tax benefit related to special charges (11) (6) (11) (10)
Nonoperating and income taxes:Income tax expense (benefit) associated with valuation allowance release (D) 88 (3,130)
Nonoperating and income taxes: Income tax expense (benefit) associated with valuation allowance release (D): Total operating and nonoperating special charges, net of income taxes 215 226 (2,613) 507
Nonoperating and income taxes:Mark-to-market (MTM) losses from fuel derivative contracts settling in future periods 1 225 (8) 244
Nonoperating and income taxes:Prior period gains (losses) on fuel derivative contracts settled in the current period (105) (18) (241) 83
Nonoperating and income taxes: Prior period gains (losses) on fuel derivative contracts settled in the current period:Total special items, net of income taxes $111 $433 $(2,862) $834

 

   
 

2014 - Special items




Impairment of assets: During 2014, the company recorded a charge of $16 million ($10 million net of related income tax benefits) related to its annual assessment of impairment of its indefinite-lived intangible assets (certain international Pacific routes). In addition, the company also recorded $33 million for charges related primarily to impairment of its flight equipment held for disposal associated with its Boeing 737-300 and 737-500 fleets.




Integration-related costs: Integration-related costs included compensation costs related to systems integration, training, severance and relocation for employees.




Severance and benefit costs: During the fourth quarter of 2014, the company recorded $141 million of severance and benefit costs related primarily to a voluntary early-out program for its flight attendants. More than 2,500 participants elected a one-time opportunity to voluntarily separate from the company and will receive a severance payment, with a maximum value of $100,000 per participant, based on years of service, with retirement dates through the end of 2016. In addition, the company recorded $58 million of severance and benefits primarily related to reductions of management and front-line employees, including from Hopkins International Airport (Cleveland), as part of its cost savings initiatives. The company is currently evaluating its options regarding its long-term contractual lease commitments at Cleveland. The capacity reductions at Cleveland may result in further special charges, which could be significant, related to our contractual commitments.




(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other miscellaneous (gains) losses, net: During 2014, the company recorded $66 million for the permanent grounding of 21 of the company's Embraer ERJ 135 regional aircraft under lease through 2018, which included an accrual for remaining lease payments and an amount for maintenance return conditions. The company decided to permanently ground these 21 Embraer ERJ 135 aircraft as a result of new Embraer E175 regional jet deliveries, the impact of pilot shortages at regional carriers and fuel prices. In addition, the company also recorded $33 million for losses on the sale of assets and other special charges.




Loss on extinguishment of debt and other, net: On October 10, 2014, United used cash to retire, at par, the entire $248 million principal balance of the 6% Convertible Junior Subordinated Debentures and the 6% Convertible Preferred Securities, Term Income Deferrable Equity Securities (TIDES). The $53 million expense is primarily associated with the write-off of non-cash debt discounts recorded on the TIDES due to purchase accounting during the company's merger transaction in 2010.




MTM losses from fuel derivative contracts settling in future periods and prior period gains (losses) on fuel derivative contracts settled in the current period: The company utilizes certain derivative instruments that are economic hedges but do not qualify for hedge accounting under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The company records changes in the fair value of these economic hedges to Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net in the statements of consolidated operations. During the three months and year ended December 31, 2014, the company recorded $225 million and $244 million, respectively, in MTM losses on economic hedges that will settle in future periods. For economic hedges that settled in the three months and year ended December 31, 2014, the company recorded MTM gains (losses) of ($18) million and $83 million, respectively, in prior periods. The figures above also include an insignificant amount of ineffectiveness on hedges that are designated for hedge accounting.




(D)  

The company's income tax benefit was $3.1 billion for the year ended December 31, 2015. During 2015, after considering all positive and negative evidence and the four sources of taxable income, the Company concluded that its deferred income tax assets are more likely than not to be realized. In evaluating the likelihood of utilizing the Company's net federal and state deferred tax assets, the significant relevant factors that the Company considered are: (1) its recent history and forecasted profitability; (2) growth in the U.S. and global economies; and (3) future impact of taxable temporary differences. Therefore, the Company released almost all of its valuation allowance in 2015, resulting in a $3.1 billion benefit in its provision for income taxes.

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
STATISTICS
Three Months Ended
December 31, 2015
Three Months Ended
December 31, 2014
%
Increase/
(Decrease)
Year Ended
December 31, 2015
Year Ended
December 31, 2014
%
Increase/
(Decrease)
Mainline:
Passengers (thousands)
24,169 22,087 9.4 96,327 91,475 5.3
Mainline:Revenue passenger miles (millions) 44,470 42,609 4.4 183,642 179,015 2.6
Mainline:Available seat miles (millions) 53,814 52,197 3.1 219,989 214,105 2.7
Mainline:Cargo ton miles (millions) 679 674 0.7 2,614 2,487 5.1
Mainline:Passenger load factor:
Mainline
82.6% 81.6% 1.0 pts. 83.5% 83.6% (0.1) pts.
Mainline:Domestic 86.1% 84.1% 2.0 pts. 86.3% 86.0% 0.3 pts.
Mainline:International 79.1% 79.2% (0.1) pts. 80.8% 81.3% (0.5) pts.
Mainline:Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents) 11.48 12.21 (6.0) 11.97 12.51 (4.3)
Mainline:Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents) 13.90 14.96 (7.1) 14.34 14.96 (4.1)
Mainline:Average aircraft fuel price per gallon excluding hedge losses recorded in fuel expense 4 $1.51 $2.58 (41.5) $1.78 $2.96 (39.9)
Mainline:Average aircraft fuel price per gallon 4 $1.73 $2.69 (35.7) $1.96 $2.98 (34.2)
Mainline:Average aircraft fuel price per gallon including cash paid on settled hedges that did not qualify for hedge accounting 3 $1.88 $2.88 (34.7) $2.07 $3.03 (31.7)
Mainline:Fuel gallons consumed (millions) 784 769 2.0 3,216 3,183 1.0
Mainline:Aircraft in fleet at end of period 715 691 3.5 715 691 3.5
Mainline:Average stage length (miles) 1,869 1,936 (3.5) 1,922 1,958 (1.8)
Mainline:Average daily utilization of each aircraft (hours) 9:59 10:11 (2.0) 10:24 10:26 (0.3)
Regional:
Passengers (thousands)
10,983 11,470 (4.2) 44,042 46,554 (5.4)
Regional:Revenue passenger miles (millions) 6,248 6,602 (5.4) 24,969 26,544 (5.9)
Regional:Available seat miles (millions) 7,490 8,016 (6.6) 30,014 31,916 (6.0)
Regional:Passenger load factor 83.4% 82.4% 1.0 pts. 83.2% 83.2% — pts.
Regional:Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents) 20.68 21.31 (3.0) 21.50 21.86 (1.6)
Regional:Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents) 24.79 25.87 (4.2) 25.84 26.28 (1.7)
Regional:Aircraft in fleet at end of period 524 566 (7.4) 524 566 (7.4)
Regional:Average stage length (miles) 562 570 (1.4) 559 561 (0.4)
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):
Passengers (thousands)
35,152 33,557 4.8 140,369 138,029 1.7
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Revenue passenger miles (millions) 50,718 49,211 3.1 208,611 205,559 1.5
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Available seat miles (millions) 61,304 60,213 1.8 250,003 246,021 1.6
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Passenger load factor 82.7% 81.7% 1.0 pts. 83.4% 83.6% (0.2) pts.
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents) 12.61 13.42 (6.0) 13.11 13.72 (4.4)
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Total revenue per available seat mile (cents) 14.74 15.47 (4.7) 15.15 15.81 (4.2)
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents) 15.24 16.43 (7.2) 15.72 16.42 (4.3)
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Average aircraft fuel price per gallon excluding hedge losses recorded in fuel expense 4 $1.52 $2.58 (41.1) $1.78 $2.97 (40.1)
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Average aircraft fuel price per gallon 4 $1.70 $2.67 (36.3) $1.94 $2.99 (35.1)
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Average aircraft fuel price per gallon including cash paid on settled hedges that did not qualify for hedge accounting 4 $1.82 $2.83 (35.7) $2.02 $3.03 (33.3)
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Fuel gallons consumed (millions) 951 948 0.3 3,886 3,905 (0.5)
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Average full-time equivalent employees (thousands) 82.1 80.5 2.0 82.1 82.0 0.1
  1. Fuel price per gallon includes aircraft fuel and related taxes.

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION

UAL evaluates its financial performance utilizing various accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and Non-GAAP financial measures, including income (loss) before income taxes excluding special items, net income (loss) excluding special items, net earnings (loss) per share excluding special items, and CASM, among others. CASM is a common metric used in the airline industry to measure an airline's cost structure and efficiency. Pursuant to SEC Regulation G, UAL has included the following reconciliation of reported Non-GAAP financial measures to comparable financial measures reported on a GAAP basis. UAL believes that adjusting for special items is useful to investors because special charges are non-recurring charges not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. In addition, the company believes that adjusting for MTM gains and losses from fuel derivative contracts settling in future periods and prior period gains and losses on fuel derivative contracts settled in the current period is useful because the adjustments allow investors to better understand the cash impact of settled fuel derivative contracts in a given period. UAL also believes that excluding third-party business expenses, such as maintenance, ground handling and catering services for third parties, fuel sales and non-air mileage redemptions, provides more meaningful disclosure because these expenses are not directly related to UAL's core business. UAL also believes that excluding fuel costs from certain measures is useful to investors because it provides an additional measure of management's performance excluding the effects of a significant cost item over which management has limited influence. UAL excludes profit sharing because this exclusion allows investors to better understand and analyze our recurring cost performance and provides a more meaningful comparison of our core operating costs to the airline industry. UAL also believes that adjusting capital expenditures for fully reimbursable projects is useful to investors in order to appropriately reflect the non-reimbursable funds spent on capital expenditures.

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)
Three Months Ended
December 31, 2015 (In millions)
Three Months Ended
December 31, 2014 (In millions)
$
Increase/
(Decrease)
%
Increase/
(Decrease)
Year Ended
December 31, 2015 (In millions)
Year Ended
December 31, 2014 (In millions)
$
Increase/
(Decrease)
%
Increase/
(Decrease)
Operating expenses $7,955 $8,688 $(733) (8.4) $32,698 $36,528 $(3,830) (10.5)
Operating expensesLess: Special charges (C) 131 179 (48) NM1 326 443 (117) NM1
Operating expenses, excluding special charges 7,824 8,509 (685) (8.1) 32,372 36,085 (3,713) (10.3)
Operating expenses, excluding special charges:Less: Third-party business expenses 86 65 21 32.3 291 534 (243) (45.5)
Operating expenses, excluding special charges:Less: Fuel expense 1,618 2,530 (912) (36.0) 7,522 11,675 (4,153) (35.6)
Operating expenses, excluding special charges:Less: Profit sharing, including taxes 153 53 100 188.7 698 235 463 197.0
Operating expenses, excluding fuel, profit sharing, special charges and third-party business expenses $5,967 $5,861 $106 1.8 $23,861 $23,641 $220 0.9
Income before income taxes $905 $23 $882 NM $4,219 $1,128 $3,091 274.0
Income before income taxes:Less: Special items before income tax benefit 34 439 (405) NM1 279 844 (565) NM1
Income before income taxes and excluding special items $939 $462 $477 103.2 $4,498 $1,972 $2,526 128.1
Net income $823 $28 $795 NM $7,340 $1,132 $6,208 NM
Net income:Less: special items, net of tax (C) 111 433 (322) NM1 (2,862) 834 (3,696) NM1
Net income, excluding special items $934 $461 $473 102.6 $4,478 $1,966 $2,512 127.8
Diluted earnings per share $2.24 $0.07 $2.17 NM $19.47 $2.93 $16.54 NM
Diluted earnings per share:Add back: special items 0.30 1.12 (0.82) NM1 (7.59) 2.12 (9.71) NM1
Diluted earnings per share:Add back: Impact of dilution, net 0.01 (0.01) NM1 0.01 (0.01) NM1
Diluted earnings per share, excluding special items $2.54 $1.20 $1.34 111.7 $11.88 $5.06 $6.82 134.8

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)
Three Months Ended
December 31, 2015 in cents
Three Months Ended
December 31, 2014 in cents
%
Increase/
(Decrease)
Year Ended
December 31, 2015 in cents
Year Ended
December 31, 2014 in cents
%
Increase/
(Decrease)
CASM Mainline Operations (cents)
Cost per available seat mile (CASM)
12.37 13.68 (9.6) 12.42 14.03 (11.5)
CASM Mainline Operations (cents): Cost per available seat mile (CASM):Less: Special charges (C) 0.24 0.34 NM1 0.15 0.21 NM1
CASM Mainline Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges 12.13 13.34 (9.1) 12.27 13.82 (11.2)
CASM Mainline Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special chargesLess: Third-party business expenses 0.16 0.12 33.3 0.13 0.25 (48.0)
CASM Mainline Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges and third-party business expenses 11.97 13.22 (9.5) 12.14 13.57 (10.5)
CASM Mainline Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges and third-party business expensesLess: Fuel expense 2.53 3.96 (36.1) 2.87 4.44 (35.4)
CASM Mainline Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses and fuel 9.44 9.26 1.9 9.27 9.13 1.5
CASM Mainline Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses and fuelLess: Profit sharing per available seat mile 0.28 0.10 180.0 0.32 0.11 190.9
CASM Mainline Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing 9.16 9.16 8.95 9.02 (0.8)
CASM Consolidated Operations (cents)
Cost per available seat mile (CASM)
12.98 14.43 (10.0) 13.08 14.85 (11.9)
CASM Consolidated Operations (cents): Cost per available seat mile (CASM)Less: Special charges (C) 0.22 0.30 NM1 0.13 0.18 NM1
CASM Consolidated Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges 12.76 14.13 (9.7) 12.95 14.67 (11.7)
CASM Consolidated Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special chargesLess: Third-party business expenses 0.14 0.11 27.3 0.12 0.22 (45.5)
CASM Consolidated Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges and third-party business expenses 12.62 14.02 (10.0) 12.83 14.45 (11.2)
CASM Consolidated Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges and third-party business expensesLess: Fuel expense 2.64 4.20 (37.1) 3.01 4.75 (36.6)
CASM Consolidated Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses and fuel 9.98 9.82 1.6 9.82 9.70 1.2
CASM Consolidated Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses and fuelLess: Profit sharing per available seat mile 0.25 0.09 177.8 0.28 0.09 211.1
CASM Consolidated Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing 9.73 9.73 9.54 9.61 (0.7)

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
CAPITAL EXPENDITURES AND FREE CASH FLOW
Capital Expenditures (in millions) Three Months Ended
December 31, 2015
Year Ended
December 31, 2015
Capital ExpendituresCapital expenditures – GAAP $763 $2,747
Capital Expenditures: Capital expenditures – GAAP:Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt 69 866
Capital Expenditures: Capital expenditures – GAAP:Airport construction financing 12 17
Capital Expenditures: Capital expenditures – GAAP:Fully reimbursable projects (53) (124)
Capital Expenditures:Adjusted capital expenditures – Non-GAAP $791 $3,506
Free Cash Flow (in millions) Three Months Ended
December 31, 2015
Year Ended
December 31, 2015
Free Cash Flow:Net cash provided by operating activities $1,115 $5,992
Free Cash Flow: Net cash provided by operating activities:Less adjusted capital expenditures – Non-GAAP 791 3,506
Free Cash Flow:Free cash flow - Non-GAAP $324 $2,486

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
RETURN ON INVESTED CAPITAL (ROIC)

ROIC is a Non-GAAP financial measure that we believe provides useful supplemental information for management and investors by measuring the effectiveness of our operations' use of invested capital to generate profits.
Twelve Months Ended
December 31, 2015
Return On Invested CapitalNet Operating Profit After Tax (NOPAT)
Pre-tax income excluding special items 5
$4,498
Return On Invested CapitalNOPAT adjustments 6 1,100
Return On Invested CapitalNOPAT $5,598
Return On Invested CapitalEffective cash tax rate 7 0.4%
Return On Invested CapitalInvested Capital (five-quarter average)
Total assets
$39,210
Return On Invested CapitalInvested capital adjustments 8 12,507
Return On Invested CapitalAverage Invested Capital $26,703
Return On Invested CapitalReturn on Invested Capital 21.0%
  1. Non-GAAP Financial Reconciliation
  2. NOPAT adjustments include: adding back (net of tax shield) interest expense, the interest component of capitalized aircraft rent and net interest on pension.
  3. Effective cash tax rate is calculated by dividing cash taxes paid by adjusted pre-tax income.
  4. Invested capital adjustments include: adding back capital aircraft rent (at 7.0X) and deferred income taxes, less advance ticket sales, frequent flyer deferred revenue, tax valuation allowance and other non-interest bearing liabilities.
Notes: Twelve Months Ended
December 31, 2015
Pre-tax income $4,219
Return On Invested CapitalAdd: Special items 279
Return On Invested CapitalPre-tax income excluding special items $4,498

 

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Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130404/MM89155LOGO

 

SOURCE United Airlines

For further information: United Airlines Worldwide Media Relations, +1-872-825-8640, media.relations@united.com

United Airlines Raises Full Year 2019 Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share Guidance

October 15, 2019

CHICAGO, Oct. 15, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- United Airlines (UAL) today announced that it has achieved third quarter diluted earnings per share (EPS) of $3.99 and adjusted diluted EPS2 of $4.07, and raised its full year 2019 adjusted diluted EPS1 guidance, with a new range of $11.25 to $12.25.

"Thanks to the outstanding efforts of our employees, United extended our streak of expanding pre-tax margin on a quarterly basis. It provides us further confidence to raise our full year 2019 adjusted diluted EPS guidance, putting us ahead of pace to achieve our goal of $11 to $13 in adjusted diluted EPS by the end of 2020," said Oscar Munoz, CEO of United Airlines. "While headwinds affected the sector as a whole this quarter, United's team once again demonstrated a robust ability to overcome adverse cost pressure, managing to continue growing our network while investing in winning our customers' loyalty through smart enhancements to the United experience."

  • Reported third quarter net income of $1.0 billion, diluted earnings per share of $3.99, pre-tax earnings of $1.3 billion and pre-tax margin of 11.9 percent, expanding pre-tax margin 2.3 points versus the third quarter of 2018.
  • Reported third quarter adjusted net income of $1.0 billion, adjusted diluted EPS of $4.07, adjusted pre-tax earnings of $1.4 billion and adjusted pre-tax margin of 12.1 percent, expanding adjusted pre-tax margin 2.5 points versus the third quarter of 2018.²
  • Consolidated third quarter passenger revenue per available seat mile (PRASM) increased 1.7 percent year-over-year.
  • Consolidated third quarter unit cost per available seat mile (CASM) decreased 0.9 percent year-over-year.
  • Consolidated third quarter CASM, excluding special charges, third party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing, increased 2.1 percent year-over-year.
  • Repurchased $363 million of its common shares in the third quarter of 2019 at an average purchase price of $88.22 per share.
  • Raised $1.2 billion in Enhanced Equipment Trust Certificates at a record low blended interest rate of 2.8% in connection with the financing of certain aircraft.

 

1 Excludes special charges and the mark-to-market impact of financial instruments, the nature of which are not determined at this time, and imputed interest on certain finance leases. Accordingly, UAL is not providing earnings guidance on a GAAP basis.

2 Excludes special charges, the mark-to-market impact of financial instruments and imputed interest on certain finance leases. Reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are included in the tables accompanying this release.

For more information on UAL's fourth quarter and full year 2019 guidance, please visit ir.united.com for the company's investor update.

Third Quarter 2019 Highlights
Customer Experience

  • Announced MileagePlus award miles never expire, giving members a lifetime to use miles on flights, experiences, hotels and more.
  • Announced partnership with CLEAR which includes a free or discounted CLEAR membership for U.S. based MileagePlus members.
  • MileagePlus members between the ages of 18 to 22 receive a 10% discount on domestic flights when booked through the United mobile app by Dec. 31, 2019.
  • Announced improvements to United PassPlus, the airline's prepaid program that offers discounts, fixed fares and amenities to both individual and corporate customers.
  • Customers are now provided three inflight snack options on domestic flights regardless of departure time, including the Stroopwafel.
  • Customers can now pre pay for bags as soon as their ticket is issued. Previously customers had to wait until check-in to pay for their bags.
  • MileagePlus loyalty program was awarded Favorite Frequent-Flyer Program for the fourth time by Trazee Awards and the United Explorer Card from Chase was awarded Favorite Credit Card for the second consecutive year.

Operations

  • Achieved No. 1 in on-time departures in all hubs where United faces large hub competitors: Denver, Chicago and Los Angeles.
  • Completed introduction of ConnectionSaver to all of seven domestic hubs, saving over 35,000 connections in the quarter.

Employees

  • Honored with being recognized by search site indeed.com as a "Top 50 Workplace" for 2019.
  • Recognized for fourth consecutive year as a top-scoring company and best place to work for disability and inclusion with a perfect score of 100% on the 2019 Disability Equality Index.
  • Expects to hire about 8,000 people by the end of 2019.

Network

  • Announced 12 new and expanded international routes from Chicago, Denver, New York/Newark and San Francisco including Nice, France; Palermo, Italy; and Curacao.
  • Announced nonstop service to Tokyo Haneda with routes from Chicago, Los Angeles, New York/Newark and Washington, D.C., beginning March 28, 2020.
  • Resumed daily nonstop service between New York/Newark and Delhi and Mumbai on September 6.

Fleet

  • Launched Boeing 767-300ER ultra-premium United Polaris business class configuration on all flights between New York/Newark and London-Heathrow starting Sept. 15, 2019.
  • Took delivery of six used Airbus A319 aircraft and nine new Embraer E175 aircraft.

Community

  • Launched Crowdrise fundraising campaign for those affected by Hurricane Dorian.
  • Operated a Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner crewed exclusively by women to the largest airshow in the world, EAA AirVenture in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, to symbolize the airline's commitment to supporting women in aviation.

Investor Day

On March 5, 2020 United will host an investor event in New York. More details will be provided at a later date.

Earnings Call

UAL will hold a conference call to discuss its third-quarter 2019 financial results and its financial and operational outlook for fourth-quarter and full-year 2019 on Wednesday, October 16, 2019, at 9:30 a.m. Central time /10:30 a.m. Eastern time. A live, listen-only webcast of the conference call will be available at ir.united.com. The webcast will be available for replay within 24 hours of the conference call and then archived on the website for three months.

Every customer. Every flight. Every day.

In 2019, United is focusing more than ever on its commitment to its customers, looking at every aspect of its business to ensure that the carrier keeps customers' best interests at the heart of its service. In addition to today's announcement, this year United:

  • Announced that MileagePlus award miles will never expire
  • Gave Economy customers a choice of complimentary snacks on domestic flights
  • Made DIRECTV free for every customer on more than 200 aircraft
  • Released a new version of the award-winning, most downloaded app in the airline industry
  • Launched a new tool called ConnectionSaver, dedicated to improving the experience for customers with connecting flights
  • Partnered with CLEAR on free or discounted memberships for MileagePlus members
  • Announced PlusPoints, new upgrade benefits for MileagePlus Premier members
  • And introduced products in its amenity kits made exclusively for the airline by luxury skincare line Sunday Riley

About United

United's shared purpose is "Connecting People. Uniting the World." We are more focused than ever on our commitment to customers through a series of innovations and improvements designed to help build a great experience: Every customer. Every flight. Every day. Together, United Airlines and United Express operate approximately 4,900 flights a day to 358 airports across five continents. In 2018, United and United Express operated more than 1.7 million flights carrying more than 158 million customers. United is proud to have the world's most comprehensive route network, including U.S. mainland hubs in Chicago, Denver, Houston, Los Angeles, New York/Newark, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. United operates 788 mainline aircraft and the airline's United Express carriers operate 560 regional aircraft. United is a founding member of Star Alliance, which provides service to 195 countries via 26 member airlines. For more information, visit united.com, follow @United on Twitter and Instagram or connect on Facebook. The common stock of United's parent, United Airlines Holdings, Inc., is traded on the Nasdaq under the symbol "UAL".

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: Certain statements included in this release are forward-looking and thus reflect our current expectations and beliefs with respect to certain current and future events and anticipated financial and operating performance. Such forward-looking statements are and will be subject to many risks and uncertainties relating to our operations and business environment that may cause actual results to differ materially from any future results expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. Words such as "expects," "will," "plans," "anticipates," "indicates," "believes," "estimates," "forecast," "guidance," "outlook," "goals," "targets" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Additionally, forward-looking statements include statements that do not relate solely to historical facts, such as statements which identify uncertainties or trends, discuss the possible future effects of current known trends or uncertainties, or which indicate that the future effects of known trends or uncertainties cannot be predicted, guaranteed or assured. All forward-looking statements in this release are based upon information available to us on the date of this release. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. Our actual results could differ materially from these forward-looking statements due to numerous factors including, without limitation, the following: our ability to execute our strategic operating plan, including our growth, revenue-generating and cost-control initiatives; general economic conditions (including interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, investment or credit market conditions, crude oil prices, costs of aircraft fuel and energy refining capacity in relevant markets); risks of doing business globally, including instability and political developments that may impact our operations in certain countries; demand for travel and the impact that global economic and political conditions have on customer travel patterns; our capacity decisions and the capacity decisions of our competitors; competitive pressures on pricing and on demand; changes in aircraft fuel prices; disruptions in our supply of aircraft fuel; our ability to cost-effectively hedge against increases in the price of aircraft fuel, if we decide to do so; the effects of any technology failures or cybersecurity breaches; disruptions to services provided by third-party service providers; potential reputational or other impact from adverse events involving our aircraft or operations, the aircraft or operations of our regional carriers or our code share partners or the aircraft or operations of another airline; our ability to attract and retain customers; the effects of any terrorist attacks, international hostilities or other security events, or the fear of such events; the mandatory grounding of aircraft in our fleet; disruptions to our regional network; the impact of regulatory, investigative and legal proceedings and legal compliance risks; the success of our investments in other airlines, including in other parts of the world; industry consolidation or changes in airline alliances; the ability of other air carriers with whom we have alliances or partnerships to provide the services contemplated by the respective arrangements with such carriers; costs associated with any modification or termination of our aircraft orders; disruptions in the availability of aircraft, parts or support from our suppliers; our ability to maintain satisfactory labor relations and the results of any collective bargaining agreement process with our union groups; any disruptions to operations due to any potential actions by our labor groups; labor costs; an outbreak of a disease that affects travel demand or travel behavior; the impact of any management changes; extended interruptions or disruptions in service at major airports where we operate; U.S. or foreign governmental legislation, regulation and other actions (including Open Skies agreements, environmental regulations and the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union); the seasonality of the airline industry; weather conditions; the costs and availability of aviation and other insurance; the costs and availability of financing; our ability to maintain adequate liquidity; our ability to comply with the terms of our various financing arrangements; our ability to realize the full value of our intangible assets and long-lived assets; and other risks and uncertainties set forth under Part I, Item 1A., "Risk Factors," of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2019, as well as other risks and uncertainties set forth from time to time in the reports we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

-tables attached-

On January 1, 2019, United Airlines Holdings, Inc. ("UAL") adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases ("Topic 842"). As such, certain previously reported 2018 figures are adjusted in this report on a basis consistent with Topic 842.

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)



Three Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/



Nine Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/


(In millions, except per share data)

2019


2018


(Decrease)



2019


2018


(Decrease)


Operating revenue:














Passenger

$

10,481



$

10,120



3.6




$

29,692



$

28,150



5.5



Cargo

282



296



(4.7)




863



903



(4.4)



Other operating revenue

617



587



5.1




1,816



1,759



3.2



Total operating revenue

11,380



11,003



3.4




32,371



30,812



5.1

















Operating expense:














Salaries and related costs

3,063



2,930



4.5




8,993



8,534



5.4



Aircraft fuel

2,296



2,572



(10.7)




6,704



6,927



(3.2)



Regional capacity purchase

721



676



6.7




2,124



1,999



6.3



Landing fees and other rent

645



618



4.4




1,893



1,822



3.9



Depreciation and amortization

575



545



5.5




1,682



1,607



4.7



Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs

490



455



7.7




1,319



1,333



(1.1)



Distribution expenses

432



427



1.2




1,234



1,162



6.2



Aircraft rent

67



109



(38.5)




221



355



(37.7)



Special charges (B)

27



17



NM




116



186



NM



Other operating expenses

1,591



1,467



8.5




4,645



4,293



8.2



Total operating expense

9,907



9,816



0.9




28,931



28,218



2.5

















Operating income

1,473



1,187



24.1




3,440



2,594



32.6

















Operating margin

12.9

%


10.8

%


2.1


pts.


10.6

%


8.4

%


2.2


pts.

Adjusted operating margin (Non-GAAP) (A)

13.2

%


10.9

%


2.3


pts.


11.0

%


9.0

%


2.0


pts.















Nonoperating income (expense):














Interest expense

(191)



(172)



11.0




(570)



(497)



14.7



Interest capitalized

22



16



37.5




65



46



41.3



Interest income

36



28



28.6




103



70



47.1



Miscellaneous, net (B)

9



(1)



NM




32



(118)



NM



Total nonoperating expense

(124)



(129)



(3.9)




(370)



(499)



(25.9)

















Income before income taxes

1,349



1,058



27.5




3,070



2,095



46.5

















Pre-tax margin

11.9

%


9.6

%


2.3


pts.


9.5

%


6.8

%


2.7


pts.

Adjusted pre-tax margin (Non-GAAP) (A)

12.1

%


9.6

%


2.5


pts.


9.8

%


7.6

%


2.2


pts.















Income tax expense (D)

325



225



44.4




702



434



61.8



Net income

$

1,024



$

833



22.9




$

2,368



$

1,661



42.6

















Diluted earnings per share

$

3.99



$

3.05



30.8




$

9.04



$

5.98



51.2



Diluted weighted average shares

256.4



273.6



(6.3)




262.0



278.0



(5.8)




NM Not meaningful

 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

PASSENGER REVENUE INFORMATION AND STATISTICS


Passenger revenue information is as follows (in millions, except for percentage changes):



3Q 2019

Passenger

Revenue


3Q 2018

Passenger

Revenue (a)


Reporting
Adjustments
(b)


3Q 2018

Passenger

Revenue
(b)


Passenger

Revenue

vs.

3Q 2018
(b)


PRASM
vs.
3Q 2018
(b)


Yield vs.
3Q 2018
(b)


Available

Seat Miles

vs.

3Q 2018


3Q 2019
Available
Seat
Miles


3Q 2019
Revenue
Passenger
Miles

Domestic

$

6,554



$

6,253



$

56



$

6,309



3.9%


2.1%


2.3%


1.7%


42,670


36,940





















Atlantic

1,963



1,933



(38)



1,895



3.6%


0.8%


1.0%


2.8%


15,219


13,216

Pacific

1,121



1,163



(30)



1,133



(1.1)%


(3.4)%


(4.0)%


2.3%


10,858


9,038

Latin America

843



771



12



783



7.7%


7.2%


5.9%


0.4%


6,329


5,435

International

3,927



3,867



(56)



3,811



3.0%


0.9%


0.5%


2.2%


32,406


27,689





















Consolidated

$

10,481



$

10,120



$



$

10,120



3.6%


1.7%


1.6%


1.9%


75,076


64,629


(a) As previously reported.

(b) During the third quarter of 2019, United implemented a new revenue accounting software system which allowed it to more precisely determine the geographic regions associated with certain ancillary passenger revenue items. Prior to July 2019, those ancillary revenue items were determined using an allocation method that was based on revenue from passenger travel. While the total passenger revenue is not impacted, the geographic totals for each period are not comparable year-over-year due to the change. The third quarter 2018 passenger revenue presented in the table above, and utilized in the year-over-year comparisons displayed, was adjusted using the third quarter 2019 percentages.

 

Select operating statistics are as follows:



Three Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/

(Decrease)



Nine Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/

(Decrease)



2019


2018





2019


2018




Passengers (thousands)

43,091



42,886



0.5




122,137



118,439



3.1



Revenue passenger miles (millions)

64,629



63,393



1.9




180,727



173,187



4.4



Available seat miles (millions)

75,076



73,681



1.9




213,961



206,360



3.7



Passenger load factor:














Consolidated

86.1

%


86.0

%


0.1


pts.


84.5

%


83.9

%


0.6


pts.

Domestic

86.6

%


86.7

%


(0.1)


pts.


85.7

%


85.7

%



pts.

International

85.4

%


85.2

%


0.2


pts.


82.9

%


81.6

%


1.3


pts.

Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents)

13.96



13.73



1.7




13.88



13.64



1.8



Total revenue per available seat mile (cents)

15.16



14.93



1.5




15.13



14.93



1.3



Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents)

16.22



15.96



1.6




16.43



16.25



1.1



Cargo ton miles

804



851



(5.5)




2,440



2,523



(3.3)



Aircraft in fleet at end of period

1,348



1,306



3.2




1,348



1,306



3.2



Average stage length (miles)

1,473



1,454



1.3




1,464



1,453



0.8



Average full-time equivalent employees

90,591



89,022



1.8




90,071



87,112



3.4



Average aircraft fuel price per gallon

$

2.02



$

2.32



(12.9)




$

2.08



$

2.23



(6.7)



Fuel gallons consumed (millions)

1,134



1,111



2.1




3,221



3,101



3.9




Note: See Part II, Item 6, Selected Financial Data, of UAL's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, for definitions of these statistics.

 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)


(In millions)

September 30, 2019


December 31, 2018

ASSETS




Current assets:




Cash and cash equivalents

$

2,959



$

1,694


Short-term investments

2,167



2,256


Receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts

1,617



1,426


Aircraft fuel, spare parts and supplies, less obsolescence allowance

1,065



985


Prepaid expenses and other

725



733


Total current assets

8,533



7,094






Total operating property and equipment, net

29,332



27,399


Operating lease right-of-use assets

4,937



5,262






Other assets:




Goodwill

4,523



4,523


Intangibles, less accumulated amortization

3,114



3,159


Restricted cash

100



105


Notes receivable, net

529



516


Investments in affiliates and other, net

1,131



966


Total other assets

9,397



9,269


Total assets

$

52,199



$

49,024






LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY




Current liabilities:




Advance ticket sales

$

5,515



$

4,381


Accounts payable

2,848



2,363


Frequent flyer deferred revenue

2,537



2,286


Accrued salaries and benefits

2,104



2,184


Current maturities of long-term debt

1,243



1,230


Current maturities of finance leases

92



123


Current maturities of operating leases

778



719


Other

574



553


Total current liabilities

15,691



13,839






Other long-term liabilities and deferred credits:




Long-term debt

12,900



12,215


Long-term obligations under finance leases

186



224


Long-term obligations under operating leases

4,941



5,276


Frequent flyer deferred revenue

2,682



2,719


Postretirement benefit liability

836



1,295


Pension liability

1,087



1,576


Deferred income taxes

1,594



828


Other

981



1,010


Total other long-term liabilities and deferred credits

25,207



25,143


Stockholders' equity

11,301



10,042


Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

52,199



$

49,024


 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)


(In millions)

Nine Months Ended

September 30,


2019


2018

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:




Net cash provided by operating activities

$

5,728



$

5,035






Cash Flows from Investing Activities:




Capital expenditures

(3,336)



(2,496)


Purchases of short-term and other investments

(2,168)



(1,975)


Proceeds from sale of short-term and other investments

2,282



1,979


Investment in affiliates

(36)



(139)


Proceeds from sale of property and equipment

47



30


Loans made to others

(10)



(10)


Other, net

(10)



104


Net cash used in investing activities

(3,231)



(2,507)






Cash Flows from Financing Activities:




Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

1,109



1,241


Payments of long-term debt

(726)



(1,519)


Repurchases of common stock

(1,431)



(1,010)


Principal payments under finance leases

(105)



(57)


Capitalized financing costs

(51)



(31)


Other, net

(29)



(17)


Net cash used in financing activities

(1,233)



(1,393)


Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

1,264



1,135


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of the period

1,799



1,591


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of the period

$

3,063



$

2,726






Investing and Financing Activities Not Affecting Cash:




Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt

$

306



$

125


Operating lease conversions to finance lease

36



52


Right-of-use assets acquired through operating leases

344



537


Property and equipment acquired through finance leases

8




 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

RETURN ON INVESTED CAPITAL (ROIC)—Non-GAAP


ROIC is a non-GAAP financial measure that UAL believes provides useful supplemental information for management and investors by measuring the effectiveness of the company's operations' use of invested capital to generate profits.


(in millions)

Twelve Months Ended

September 30, 2019

Net Operating Profit After Tax ("NOPAT")


Pre-tax income

$

3,623


Adjustments:


Special charges and mark-to-market ("MTM") gains on financial instruments:


Impairment of assets

301


Termination of a maintenance service agreement

64


Severance and benefit costs

21


MTM gains on financial instruments

(128)


(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges

31


Pre-tax income excluding special charges and MTM gains on financial instruments (Non-GAAP)

3,912


add: Interest expense (net of income tax benefit) (a)

739


add: Interest component of capitalized aircraft rent (net of income tax benefit) (a)

163


add: Net interest on pension (net of income tax benefit) (a)

(14)


less: Income taxes paid

(22)


NOPAT (Non-GAAP)

$

4,778






Average Invested Capital (five-quarter average)


Total assets

$

50,642


less: Non-interest bearing liabilities (b)

(17,823)


Average invested capital (Non-GAAP)

$

32,819




ROIC (Non-GAAP)

14.6

%



(a)

Income tax benefit measured based on the effective cash tax rate. The effective cash tax rate is calculated by dividing cash taxes paid by pre-tax income excluding special charges and MTM gains on financial instruments. For the twelve months ended September 30, 2019, the effective cash tax rate was 0.6%.

(b)

Non-interest bearing liabilities include advance ticket sales, frequent flyer deferred revenue, deferred income taxes and other non-interest bearing liabilities.

 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION


(A) UAL evaluates its financial performance utilizing various accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and Non-GAAP financial measures, including adjusted operating income (loss), adjusted operating margin, adjusted pre-tax income (loss), adjusted pre-tax margin, adjusted net income (loss), adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share and CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing, among others. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL believes that adjusting for MTM gains and losses on financial instruments is useful to investors because those unrealized gains or losses may not ultimately be realized on a cash basis. UAL believes that adjusting for interest expense related to finance leases of Embraer ERJ 145 aircraft is useful to investors because of the accelerated recognition of interest expense.


CASM is a common metric used in the airline industry to measure an airline's cost structure and efficiency. UAL reports CASM excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL also believes that excluding third-party business expenses, such as maintenance, ground handling and catering services for third parties and fuel sales, provides more meaningful disclosure because these expenses are not directly related to UAL's core business. UAL also believes that excluding fuel costs from certain measures is useful to investors because it provides an additional measure of management's performance excluding the effects of a significant cost item over which management has limited influence. UAL excludes profit sharing because this exclusion allows investors to better understand and analyze our operating cost performance and provides a more meaningful comparison of our core operating costs to the airline industry.


Reconciliations of reported non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are included below.



Three Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/


Nine Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/


2019


2018


(Decrease)


2019


2018


(Decrease)

CASM (cents)












Cost per available seat mile (CASM) (GAAP)

13.20



13.32



(0.9)



13.52



13.67



(1.1)


Special charges (B)

0.04



0.02



NM



0.05



0.09



NM


Third-party business expenses

0.07



0.04



75.0



0.06



0.04



50.0


Fuel expense

3.05



3.49



(12.6)



3.13



3.36



(6.8)


Profit sharing, including taxes

0.24



0.17



41.2



0.17



0.12



41.7


CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing (Non-GAAP)

9.80



9.60



2.1



10.11



10.06



0.5



NM Not Meaningful

 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)



Three Months Ended

September 30,


$

Increase/


%

Increase/


Nine Months Ended

September 30,


$

Increase/


%

Increase/

(in millions)

2019


2018


(Decrease)


(Decrease)


2019


2018


(Decrease)


(Decrease)

Operating expenses (GAAP)

$

9,907



$

9,816



$

91



0.9



$

28,931



$

28,218



$

713



2.5


Special charges (B)

27



17



10



NM



116



186



(70)



NM


Operating expenses, excluding special charges

9,880



9,799



81



0.8



28,815



28,032



783



2.8


Adjusted to exclude:
















Third-party business expenses

49



29



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