United reports first quarter 2017 performance - United Hub

United Airlines Reports First-Quarter 2017 Performance

April 17, 2017

CHICAGO, April 17, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- United Airlines (UAL) today announced its first-quarter 2017 financial results.

  • UAL reported first-quarter net income of $96 million, diluted earnings per share of $0.31, pre-tax earnings of $145 million and pre-tax margin of 1.7 percent.
  • Excluding special items, UAL reported first-quarter net income of $129 million, diluted earnings per share of $0.41, pre-tax earnings of $196 million and pre-tax margin of 2.3 percent.

Oscar Munoz, chief executive officer of United Airlines, said, "In the first quarter of 2017, our financial and operational performance gives us a lot of confidence about the foundation we are building. It is obvious from recent experiences that we need to do a much better job serving our customers. The incident that took place aboard Flight 3411 has been a humbling experience, and I take full responsibility. This will prove to be a watershed moment for our company, and we are more determined than ever to put our customers at the center of everything we do. We are dedicated to setting the standard for customer service among U.S. airlines, as we elevate the experience our customers have with us from booking to baggage claim."

First-Quarter Revenue

For the first quarter of 2017, revenue was $8.4 billion, an increase of 2.7 percent year-over-year. First-quarter 2017 consolidated passenger revenue per available seat mile (PRASM) was flat and consolidated yield increased 0.4 percent compared to the first quarter of 2017.

Scott Kirby, president of United Airlines, said, "United is delivering on the commitments we made at investor day last fall. We saw positive trends in the revenue environment in the quarter and are optimistic about the year ahead. Looking forward, we expect second-quarter consolidated PRASM to be up 1.0 to 3.0 percent. This would mark the fifth straight quarter of sequential improvement and the first quarter of positive unit revenue growth in two years."

First-Quarter Costs

Operating expense was $8.1 billion in the first quarter, up 7.9 percent year-over-year. Excluding special charges, operating expense was $8.1 billion, a 10.0 percent increase year-over-year. Consolidated unit cost per available seat mile (CASM) increased 5.1 percent compared to the first quarter of 2017 due largely to higher fuel expense and the impact of labor agreements ratified in 2017. First-quarter consolidated CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing, increased 5.0 percent year-over-year, driven mainly by higher labor expense.

Liquidity and Capital Allocation

In the first quarter of 2017, UAL increased its revolving credit facility by $650 million to a total capacity of $2.0 billion with the full amount currently undrawn and increased its existing term loan by approximately $440 million with more favorable terms and rates. Also in the first quarter, the company raised $300 million of unsecured debt at 5 percent.

UAL generated $547 million in operating cash flow and ended the quarter with $6.4 billion in unrestricted liquidity, including its $2.0 billion revolving credit facility. The company's capital expenditures were $691 million in the first quarter. Including assets acquired through the issuance of debt and airport construction financing and excluding fully reimbursable projects, the company invested $1.4 billion during the first quarter in adjusted capital expenditures. The company contributed $80 million to its pension plans and made debt and capital lease principal payments of $346 million in the first quarter.

For the 12 months ended March 31, 2017, the company's pre-tax income was $3.5 billion and return on invested capital (ROIC) was 17.5 percent. In the quarter, UAL purchased $0.3 billion of its common shares at an average price of $68.41 per share. As of March 31, 2017, the company had approximately $1.5 billion remaining to purchase shares under its existing share repurchase authority.

Andrew Levy, executive vice president and chief financial officer of United Airlines, said, "During the quarter, we improved our liquidity and continued to return cash to shareholders. We remain focused on maintaining a strong balance sheet and finding incremental cost savings opportunities."

For more information on UAL's second-quarter 2017 guidance, please visit ir.united.com for the company's investor update.

First-Quarter Highlights

Customer Experience

  • Modernized airport screening experience with fully redesigned security checkpoint at Newark Liberty International Airport.
  • Debuted new Terminal C North at Houston's George Bush Intercontinental Airport – elevating the customer experience with roomier gate areas, the latest technology and chef-inspired dining choices.
  • United named "Eco-Airline of the Year" from Air Transport World magazine for its leadership in environmental action.
  • Launched United Jetstream, a new online portal for corporate and travel agency customers that simplifies the travel management process and gives customers an intuitive suite of self-service tools.
  • Launched new Basic Economy fare for travel between Minneapolis/St. Paul and any of United's seven U.S. hubs.

Network and Fleet

  • Began implementing plan to improve the company's route network with more destinations, more flights and more convenient connections, with expectations to add service to 31 destinations across the U.S. and Europe in 2017.
  • Took delivery of six Boeing 777-300ER aircraft, two Boeing 787-9 aircraft and one used Airbus A319 aircraft in the quarter.
  • Purchased 12 currently operated Boeing 737NG aircraft previously leased to the company.
  • Entered into a new partnership with Air Wisconsin Airlines to operate 50 regional jets under the United Express brand.

Operations and Employees

  • Achieved a record-setting 25 zero-cancellation days for the mainline operation in the quarter.
  • Consolidated completion factor was 97.5 percent in the first quarter, 0.6 points higher than the 96.9 percent from first-quarter 2017. This represents over 2,500 fewer flight cancellations compared to the first quarter of 2017.
  • Achieved best-ever consolidated on-time departure rate for both February and March and lowest-ever first-quarter mishandled bag rate in company history.
  • Employees earned cash-incentive payments of approximately $18 million for achieving operational performance goals in the quarter.

About United

United Airlines and United Express operate approximately 4,500 flights a day to 337 airports across five continents. In 2016, United and United Express operated more than 1.6 million flights carrying more than 143 million customers. United is proud to have the world's most comprehensive route network, including U.S. mainland hubs in Chicago, Denver, Houston, Los Angeles, New York/Newark, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. United operates 743 mainline aircraft and the airline's United Express partners operate 478 regional aircraft. The airline is a founding member of Star Alliance, which provides service to 190 countries via 28 member airlines. For more information, visit united.com, follow @United on Twitter or connect on Facebook. The common stock of United's parent, United Continental Holdings, Inc., is traded on the NYSE under the symbol "UAL".

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: 

Certain statements included in this release are forward-looking and thus reflect our current expectations and beliefs with respect to certain current and future events and anticipated financial and operating performance. Such forward-looking statements are and will be subject to many risks and uncertainties relating to our operations and business environment that may cause actual results to differ materially from any future results expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. Words such as "expects," "will," "plans," "anticipates," "indicates," "believes," "forecast," "guidance," "outlook," "goals" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Additionally, forward-looking statements include statements that do not relate solely to historical facts, such as statements which identify uncertainties or trends, discuss the possible future effects of current known trends or uncertainties or which indicate that the future effects of known trends or uncertainties cannot be predicted, guaranteed or assured. All forward-looking statements in this release are based upon information available to us on the date of this release. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. Our actual results could differ materially from these forward-looking statements due to numerous factors including, without limitation, the following: our ability to comply with the terms of our various financing arrangements; the costs and availability of financing; our ability to maintain adequate liquidity; our ability to execute our operational plans and revenue-generating initiatives, including optimizing our revenue; our ability to control our costs, including realizing benefits from our resource optimization efforts, cost reduction initiatives and fleet replacement programs; costs associated with any modification or termination of our aircraft orders; our ability to utilize our net operating losses; our ability to attract and retain customers; potential reputational or other impact from adverse events in our operations; demand for transportation in the markets in which we operate; an outbreak of a disease that affects travel demand or travel behavior; demand for travel and the impact that global economic and political conditions have on customer travel patterns; excessive taxation and the inability to offset future taxable income; general economic conditions (including interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, investment or credit market conditions, crude oil prices, costs of aircraft fuel and energy refining capacity in relevant markets); our ability to cost-effectively hedge against increases in the price of aircraft fuel if we decide to do so; any potential realized or unrealized gains or losses related to fuel or currency hedging programs; economic and political instability and other risks of doing business globally; the effects of any hostilities, act of war or terrorist attack; the ability of other air carriers with whom we have alliances or partnerships to provide the services contemplated by the respective arrangements with such carriers; the effects of any technology failures or cybersecurity breaches; disruptions to our regional network; the costs and availability of aviation and other insurance; industry consolidation or changes in airline alliances; the success of our investments in airlines in other parts of the world; competitive pressures on pricing and on demand; our capacity decisions and the capacity decisions of our competitors; U.S. or foreign governmental legislation, regulation and other actions (including Open Skies agreements and environmental regulations); the impact of regulatory, investigative and legal proceedings and legal compliance risks; the impact of any management changes; labor costs; our ability to maintain satisfactory labor relations and the results of any collective bargaining agreement process with our union groups; any disruptions to operations due to any potential actions by our labor groups; weather conditions; and other risks and uncertainties set forth under Part I, Item 1A., "Risk Factors," of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, as well as other risks and uncertainties set forth from time to time in the reports we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

-tables attached-

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
(In millions, except per share data)

(In millions, except per share data) Three Months Ended
March 31, 2017
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2016
%
Increase/
(Decrease)
Operating revenue:
Passenger:
Mainline
$5,831 $5,577 4.6
Operating revenue: Passenger: Regional 1,343 1,413 (5.0)
Operating revenue: Passenger: Total passenger revenue (B) 7,174 6,990 2.6
Operating revenue: Cargo 220 194 13.4
Operating revenue: Other operating revenue 1,026 1,011 1.5
Operating revenue: Total operating revenue 8,420 8,195 2.7
Operating expense:
Salaries and related costs
2,661 2,490 6.9
Operating expense: Aircraft fuel (C) 1,560 1,218 28.1
Operating expense: Landing fees and other rent 544 525 3.6
Operating expense: Regional capacity purchase 536 522 2.7
Operating expense: Depreciation and amortization 518 479 8.1
Operating expense: Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs 454 402 12.9
Operating expense: Distribution expenses 307 303 1.3
Operating expense: Aircraft rent 179 178 0.6
Operating expense: Special charges (D) 51 190 NM1
Operating expense: Other operating expenses 1,332 1,239 7.5
Operating expense: Other Operating Expenses: Total operating expenses 8,142 7,546 7.9
Operating income: Operating income 278 649 (57.2)
Operating margin 3.3% 7.9% (4.6) pts.
Operating margin, excluding special charges (A) (Non-GAAP) 3.9% 10.2% (6.3) pts.
Nonoperating income (expense):
Interest expense
(150) (159) (5.7)
Nonoperating income (expense): Interest capitalized 23 14 64.3
Nonoperating income (expense): Interest income 11 8 37.5
Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net (D) (17) (18) (5.6)
Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net (D): Total nonoperating expense (133) (155) (14.2)
Income before income taxes: Income before income taxes 145 494 (70.6)
Pre-tax margin 1.7% 6.0% (4.3) pts.
Pre-tax margin, excluding special items (A) (Non-GAAP) 2.3% 8.4% (6.1) pts.
Income tax expense (benefit) (E) 49 181 (72.9)
Net income $96 $313 (69.3)
Earnings per share, diluted $0.31 $0.88 (64.8)
Weighted average shares, diluted 315 355 (11.3)
  1. NM means Not Meaningful

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
STATISTICS
Statistics: Three Months Ended
March 31, 2017
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2016
%
Increase/
(Decrease)
Mainline:
Passengers (thousands)
23,825 22,277 6.9
Mainline:Revenue passenger miles (millions) 42,183 40,856 3.2
Mainline:Available seat miles (millions) 53,054 51,165 3.7
Mainline:Cargo ton miles (millions) 748 622 20.3
Mainline:Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents) 10.99 10.90 0.8
Mainline:Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents) 13.82 13.65 (1.2
Mainline:Aircraft in fleet at end of period 743 719 3.3
Mainline:Average stage length (miles) 1,802 1,859 (3.1)
Mainline:Average daily utilization of each aircraft (hours) 9:45 9:36 1.6
Regional:
Passengers (thousands)
9,280 9,810 (5.4)
Regional:Revenue passenger miles (millions) 5,428 5,726 (5.2)
Regional:Available seat miles (millions) 6,754 7,108 (5.0)
Regional:Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents) 19.88 19.88
Regional:Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents) 24.74 24.68 0.2
Regional:Aircraft in fleet at end of period 478 503 (5.0)
Regional:Average stage length (miles) 573 575 (0.3)
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):
Passengers (thousands)
33,105 32,087 3.2
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Revenue passenger miles (millions) 47,611 46,582 2.2
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Available seat miles (millions) 59,808 58,273 2.6
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Passenger load factor:
Consolidated
79.6% 79.9% (0.3) pts.
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Domestic 83.3% 82.9% 0.4 pts.
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):International 75.2% 76.4% (1.2) pts.
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents) 12.00 12.00
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Total revenue per available seat mile (cents) 14.08 14.06 0.1
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents) 15.07 15.01 0.4
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Aircraft in fleet at end of period 1,221 1,222 (0.1)
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Average stage length (miles) 1,451 1,461 (0.7)
Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):Average full-time equivalent employees (thousands) 85.2 82.5 3.3
  • Note: See Part II, Item 6 Selected Financial Data of the company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 for the definition of these statistics.

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
SUMMARY FINANCIAL METRICS

Note (A) provides a reconciliation of non-GAAP financial metrics to the comparable GAAP financial metrics and provides the reasons UAL management believes these financial metrics are useful.
(In millions, except per share data)

Summary Financial Metrics: Three Months Ended
March 31, 2017
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2016
%
Increase/
(Decrease)
Operating income (GAAP) $278 $649 (57.2)
Operating margin (GAAP) 3.3% 7.9% (4.6) pts.
Operating income, excluding Special charges (Non-GAAP) 329 839 (60.8)
Operating margin, excluding Special charges (Non-GAAP) 3.9% 10.2% (6.3) pts.
Adjusted EBITDA, excluding special items (Non-GAAP) $830 $1,304 (36.3)
Adjusted EBITDA margin, excluding special items (Non-GAAP) 9.9% 15.9% (6.0) pts.
Adjusted EBITDAR, excluding special items (Non-GAAP) 1,009 1,482 (31.9)
Adjusted EBITDAR margin, excluding special items (Non-GAAP) 12.0% 18.1% (6.1) pts.
Pre-tax income (GAAP) $145 $494 (70.6)
Pre-tax margin (GAAP) 1.7% 6.0% (4.3) pts.
Pre-tax income, excluding special items (Non-GAAP) 196 688 (71.5)
Pre-tax margin, excluding special items (Non-GAAP) 2.3% 8.4% (6.1) pts.
Net income (GAAP) $96 $313 (69.3)
Net income, excluding special items (Non-GAAP) 129 435 (70.3)
Diluted earnings per share (GAAP) $0.31 $0.88 (64.8)
Diluted earnings per share, excluding special items (Non-GAAP) 0.41 1.23 (66.7)
Net cash provided by operating activities $547 $1,199 (54.4)
Capital expenditures $691 $816 (15.3)
Adjusted capital expenditures 1,354 823 64.5
Free cash flow, net of financings (Non-GAAP) $(144) $383 NM
Free cash flow (Non-GAAP) (807) 376 NM

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
RETURN ON INVESTED CAPITAL (ROIC)

ROIC is a Non-GAAP financial measure that we believe provides useful supplemental information for management and investors by measuring the effectiveness of our operations' use of invested capital to generate profits.
Return on invested captial: Twelve Months Ended
March 31, 2017
Net Operating Profit After Tax (NOPAT)
Pre-tax income excluding special items 2
$3,970
Pre-tax income excluding special items: NOPAT adjustments 3 975
NOPAT $4,945
Effective cash tax rate 4 0.5%
Invested Capital (five-quarter average)
Total assets
$40,552
Total assets: Invested capital adjustments 5 12,271
Average Invested Capital $28,281
Return on Invested Capital 17.5%
  1. Non-GAAP Financial Reconciliation
  2. NOPAT adjustments include: adding back (net of tax shield) interest expense, the interest component of capitalized aircraft rent and net interest on pension.
  3. Effective cash tax rate is calculated by dividing cash taxes paid by adjusted pre-tax income.
  4. Invested capital adjustments include: adding back capital aircraft rent (at 7.0X) and deferred income taxes, less advance ticket sales, frequent flyer deferred revenue, tax valuation allowance and other non-interest bearing liabilities.
Notes: Twelve Months Ended
March 31, 2017
Pre-tax income $3,470
Pre-tax income: Add: Special items 500
Pre-tax income excluding special items $3,970

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)

(A) Pursuant to SEC Regulation G, UAL has included the following reconciliations of reported Non-GAAP financial measures to comparable financial measures reported on a GAAP basis.

CASM is a common metric used in the airline industry to measure an airline's cost structure and efficiency. UAL reports CASM excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are non-recurring charges not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL also believes that excluding third-party business expenses, such as maintenance, ground handling and catering services for third parties, fuel sales and non-air mileage redemptions, provides more meaningful disclosure because these expenses are not directly related to UAL's core business. UAL also believes that excluding fuel costs from certain measures is useful to investors because it provides an additional measure of management's performance excluding the effects of a significant cost item over which management has limited influence. UAL excludes profit sharing because this exclusion allows investors to better understand and analyze our recurring cost performance and provides a more meaningful comparison of our core operating costs to the airline industry. In addition, the company believes that adjusting for MTM gains and losses from fuel derivative contracts settling in future periods and prior period gains and losses on fuel derivative contracts settled in the current period is useful because the adjustments allow investors to better understand the cash impact of settled fuel derivative contracts in a given period.
Non-GAAP Financial Reconciliation: Three Months Ended
March 31, 2017 in cents
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2016 in cents
%
Increase/
(Decrease)
CASM Mainline Operations (cents)
Cost per available seat mile (CASM)
13.22 12.47 6.0
CASM Mainline Operations (cents): Cost per available seat mile (CASM):Less: Special charges (D) 0.09 0.37 NM1
CASM Mainline Operations (cents): Cost per available seat mile (CASM): Less: Third-party business expenses 0.13 0.13
CASM Mainline Operations (cents): Cost per available seat mile (CASM): Less: Fuel expense 2.44 2.00 22.0
CASM Mainline Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses and fuel 10.56 9.97 5.9
CASM Mainline Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses and fuel: Less: Profit sharing per available seat mile 0.03 0.18 (83.3)
CASM Mainline Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing 10.53 9.79 7.6
CASM Consolidated Operations (cents)
Cost per available seat mile (CASM)
13.61 12.95 5.1
CASM Consolidated Operations (cents): Cost per available seat mile (CASM):Less: Special charges (D) 0.08 0.33 NM1
CASM Consolidated Operations (cents): Cost per available seat mile (CASM): Less: Third-party business expenses 0.12 0.11 9.1
CASM Consolidated Operations (cents): Cost per available seat mile (CASM): Less: Fuel expense 2.60 2.09 24.4
CASM Consolidated Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses and fuel 10.81 10.42 3.7
CASM Consolidated Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses and fuel: Less: Profit sharing per available seat mile 0.04 0.16 (75.0)
CASM Consolidated Operations (cents): CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing 10.77 10.26 5.0

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)

UAL evaluates its financial performance utilizing various accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and Non-GAAP financial measures, including operating income (loss) excluding special charges, income (loss) before income taxes excluding special items, net income (loss) excluding special items, and net earnings (loss) per share excluding special items, among others. UAL also presented diluted earnings per share excluding special items for the periods presented in 2016 adjusted for the impact of tax expense using the effective tax rate from the respective period in 2017 in order to make the financial measures more comparable. UAL had minimal income tax expense in the second half of 2016 that was offset by the release of its deferred tax asset valuation allowance resulting in a net income tax benefit.
Non-GAAP Financial Reconciliation continued: Three Months Ended
March 31, 2017 (In millions)
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2016 (In millions)
$
Increase/
(Decrease)
%
Increase/
(Decrease)
Operating expenses $8,142 $7,546 $596 7.9
Operating expenses: Less: Special charges (D) 51 190 (139) NM1
Operating expenses, excluding special charges 8,091 7,356 735 10.0
Operating expenses, excluding special charges: Less: Third-party business expenses 68 67 1 1.5
Operating expenses, excluding special charges: Less: Fuel expense 1,560 1,218 342 28.1
Operating expenses, excluding special charges: Less: Profit sharing, including taxes 20 93 (73) (78.5)
Operating expenses, excluding fuel, profit sharing, special charges and third-party business expenses $6,443 $5,978 $465 7.8
Operating income $278 $649 $(371) (57.2)
Operating income: Less: Special charges (D) 51 190 (139) NM1
Operating income, excluding special charges $329 $839 $(510) (60.8)
Income before income taxes $145 $494 $(349) (70.6)
Income before income taxes: Less: special items before income taxes (D) 51 194 (143) NM1
Income before income taxes and excluding special items $196 $688 $(492) (71.5)
Net income $96 $313 $(217) (69.3)
Net income: Less: special items, net of tax (D) 33 122 (89) NM1
Net income, excluding special items 129 435 (306) (70.3)
Diluted earnings per share $0.31 $0.88 $(0.57) (64.8)
Diluted earnings per share: Less: special items 0.16 0.55 (0.39) NM1
Diluted earnings per share: Less: tax effect related to special items (0.06) (0.20) 0.14 NM1
Diluted earnings per share, excluding special items $0.41 $1.23 $(0.82) (66.7)

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)

UAL provides financial metrics, including earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as well as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, and aircraft rent (EBITDAR), that we believe provides useful supplemental information for management and investors by measuring profit and profit as a percentage of total operating revenues. These financial metrics are adjusted for special items that are non-recurring and that management believes are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance.
EBITDA and EBITDAR (in millions) Three Months Ended
March 31, 2017
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2016
Net income $96 $313
Adjusted For:
Depreciation and amortization
518 479
Adjusted For: Interest expense 150 159
Adjusted For: Interest capitalized (23) (14)
Adjusted For: Interest income (11) (8)
Adjusted For: Income tax expense 49 181
Adjusted For: Special items before income taxes (D) 51 194
Adjusted EBITDA, excluding special items 830 1,304
Adjusted EBITDA, excluding special items: Aircraft rent 179 178
Adjusted EBITDAR, excluding special items $1,009 $1,482
UAL believes that adjusting capital expenditures for assets acquired through the issuance of debt, airport construction financing and excluding fully reimbursable projects is useful to investors in order to appropriately reflect the non-reimbursable funds spent on capital expenditures.

 

Capital Expenditures (in millions) Three Months Ended
March 31, 2017
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2016
Capital Expenditures: Capital expenditures – GAAP $691 $816
Capital Expenditures: Capital expenditures – GAAP:Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt 711 59
Capital Expenditures: Capital expenditures – GAAP:Airport construction financing 21 9
Capital Expenditures: Capital expenditures – GAAP:Fully reimbursable projects (69) (61)
Capital Expenditures:Adjusted capital expenditures – Non-GAAP $1,354 $823
Free Cash Flow (in millions) Three Months Ended
March 31, 2017
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2016
Free Cash Flow: Net cash provided by operating activities $547 $1,199
Free Cash Flow: Net cash provided by operating activities: Less capital expenditures – Non-GAAP 691 816
Free Cash Flow: Free cash flow, net of financings - Non-GAAP $(144) $383
Free Cash Flow: Net cash provided by operating activities $547 $1,199
Free Cash Flow: Net cash provided by operating activities: Less adjusted capital expenditures – Non-GAAP 1,354 823
Free Cash Flow: Free cash flow - Non-GAAP $(807) $376

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES (UNAUDITED)

(B) Select passenger revenue information is as follows (in millions):
Notes unaudited: 1Q 2017
Passenger
Revenue
(millions)
Passenger
Revenue
vs.
1Q 2016
PRASM
vs.
1Q 2016
Yield
vs.
1Q 2016
Available
Seat Miles
vs.
1Q 2016
Domestic $4,358 3.0% (0.1%) (0.6%) 3.1%
Atlantic 1,048 0.8% 2.1% 3.7% (1.3%)
Pacific 987 3.7% (3.5%) (0.1%) 7.4%
Latin America 781 2.0% 2.8% 2.3% (0.8%)
International 2,816 2.1% 0.0% 1.6% 2.1%
Consolidated $7,174 2.6% 0.0% 0.4% 2.6%
Mainline $5,831 4.6% 0.8% 1.2% 3.7%
Regional 1,343 (5.0%) 0.0% 0.2% (5.0%)
Consolidated $7,174

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES (UNAUDITED)

(C) UAL's results of operations include fuel expense for both mainline and regional operations. (In millions, except per gallon)
Notes unaudited: Three Months Ended
March 31, 2017
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2016
%
Increase/
(Decrease)
Mainline fuel expense excluding hedge impacts $1,290 $885 45.8
Hedge losses reported in fuel expense 6 (2) (138) NM1
Total mainline fuel expense 1,292 1,023 26.3
Regional fuel expense 268 195 37.4
Consolidated fuel expense 1,560 1,218 28.1
Mainline fuel consumption (gallons) 761 734 3.7
Mainline average aircraft fuel price per gallon $1.70 $1.39 22.3
Mainline average aircraft fuel price per gallon excluding hedge losses recorded in fuel expense $1.70 $1.21 40.5
Regional fuel consumption (gallons) 149 156 (4.5)
Regional average aircraft fuel price per gallon $1.80 $1.25 44.0
Consolidated fuel consumption (gallons) 910 890 2.2
Consolidated average aircraft fuel price per gallon $1.71 $1.37 24.8
Consolidated average aircraft fuel price per gallon excluding hedge losses recorded in fuel expense $1.71 $1.21 41.3
  1. Includes losses from settled hedges that were designated for hedge accounting. UAL allocates 100 percent of hedge accounting gains (losses) to mainline fuel expense.
  2. Includes ineffectiveness losses on settled hedges and losses on settled hedges that were not designated for hedge accounting. Ineffectiveness gains (losses) and gains (losses) on hedges that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recorded in Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net.

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES (UNAUDITED)

(D) Special items include the following:
(In millions) Three Months Ended
March 31, 2017 (In millions)
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2016 (In millions)
Operating:
Operating: Severance and benefit costs
$37 $8
Labor agreement costs 100
Operating: Cleveland airport lease restructuring 74
Operating: (Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges 14 8
Operating: (Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges: Special charges 51 190
Nonoperating and income taxes:
Foreign currency loss
8
Nonoperating and income taxes: Income tax benefit related to special charges (18) (72)
Nonoperating and income taxes: Income tax expense (benefit) related to special charges: Total operating and nonoperating special charges, net of income taxes 33 126
Nonoperating and income taxes: Prior period losses on fuel derivative contracts settled in the current period (4)
Nonoperating and income taxes: Prior period gains (losses) on fuel derivative contracts settled in the current period:Total special items, net of income taxes $33 $122

 

Special items

 

Severance and benefit costs: During the three months ended March 31, 2017, the company recorded $21 million ($14 million net of taxes) of severance and benefit costs primarily related to a voluntary early-out program for its technicians and related employees represented by the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. In the first quarter of 2017, approximately 1,000 technicians and related employees elected to voluntarily separate from the company and will receive a severance payment, with a maximum value of $100,000 per participant, based on years of service, with retirement dates through early 2019. The company also recorded $16 million ($10 million net of taxes) of severance related to its management reorganization initiative.

During the three months ended March 31, 2016, the company recorded $8 million ($5 million net of taxes) of severance and benefit costs primarily related to a voluntary early-out program for its flight attendants.

 

Labor agreement costs: In April 2016, the fleet service, passenger service, storekeeper and other employees represented by the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers ratified seven new contracts with the company which extended the contracts through 2021. The company recorded a $100 million ($64 million net of taxes) special charge for bonus payments in conjunction with the ratification of these contracts.

 

Cleveland airport lease restructuring: During the three months ended March 31, 2016, the City of Cleveland agreed to amend the lease, which runs through 2029, associated with certain excess airport terminal space (principally Terminal D) and related facilities at Hopkins International Airport ("Cleveland"). The company recorded an accrual for remaining payments under the lease for facilities that the company no longer uses and will continue to incur costs under the lease without economic benefit to the company. This liability was measured and recorded at its fair value when the company ceased its right to use such facilities leased to it pursuant to the lease. The company recorded a net charge of $74 million ($47 million net of taxes) related to the amended lease.

 

Foreign currency loss: During the three months ended March 31, 2016, the company recorded $8 million of losses ($5 million net of taxes) due to exchange rate changes in Venezuela applicable to funds held in local currency.

 

Prior period losses on fuel derivative contracts settled in the current period: Prior to 2017, the company used certain combinations of derivative contracts that were economic hedges but did not qualify for hedge accounting under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.  As with derivatives that qualified for hedge accounting, the economic hedges and individual contracts were part of the company's program to mitigate the adverse financial impact of potential increases in the price of fuel. The company recorded changes in the fair value of the various contracts that were not designated for hedge accounting to Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net in the statements of consolidated operations. For fuel derivative contracts that settled in the three months ended March 31, 2016, the company recorded mark-to-market losses of $4 million in prior periods.

 

(E) Effective tax rate: The company's effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 was 33.8% and 36.6%, respectively, which represented a blend of federal, state and foreign taxes and included the impact of certain nondeductible items. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2017 reflects the impact of discrete events including the recognition of excess tax benefits related to employee stock compensation as a result of the adoption of ASU 2016-09, as well as a change in the mix of domestic and foreign earnings.

 
 

 

 

 

SOURCE United Airlines

For further information: United Airlines Worldwide Media Relations, +1-872-825-8640, media.relations@united.com

United Airlines Raises Full Year 2019 Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share Guidance

October 15, 2019

CHICAGO, Oct. 15, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- United Airlines (UAL) today announced that it has achieved third quarter diluted earnings per share (EPS) of $3.99 and adjusted diluted EPS2 of $4.07, and raised its full year 2019 adjusted diluted EPS1 guidance, with a new range of $11.25 to $12.25.

"Thanks to the outstanding efforts of our employees, United extended our streak of expanding pre-tax margin on a quarterly basis. It provides us further confidence to raise our full year 2019 adjusted diluted EPS guidance, putting us ahead of pace to achieve our goal of $11 to $13 in adjusted diluted EPS by the end of 2020," said Oscar Munoz, CEO of United Airlines. "While headwinds affected the sector as a whole this quarter, United's team once again demonstrated a robust ability to overcome adverse cost pressure, managing to continue growing our network while investing in winning our customers' loyalty through smart enhancements to the United experience."

  • Reported third quarter net income of $1.0 billion, diluted earnings per share of $3.99, pre-tax earnings of $1.3 billion and pre-tax margin of 11.9 percent, expanding pre-tax margin 2.3 points versus the third quarter of 2018.
  • Reported third quarter adjusted net income of $1.0 billion, adjusted diluted EPS of $4.07, adjusted pre-tax earnings of $1.4 billion and adjusted pre-tax margin of 12.1 percent, expanding adjusted pre-tax margin 2.5 points versus the third quarter of 2018.²
  • Consolidated third quarter passenger revenue per available seat mile (PRASM) increased 1.7 percent year-over-year.
  • Consolidated third quarter unit cost per available seat mile (CASM) decreased 0.9 percent year-over-year.
  • Consolidated third quarter CASM, excluding special charges, third party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing, increased 2.1 percent year-over-year.
  • Repurchased $363 million of its common shares in the third quarter of 2019 at an average purchase price of $88.22 per share.
  • Raised $1.2 billion in Enhanced Equipment Trust Certificates at a record low blended interest rate of 2.8% in connection with the financing of certain aircraft.

 

1 Excludes special charges and the mark-to-market impact of financial instruments, the nature of which are not determined at this time, and imputed interest on certain finance leases. Accordingly, UAL is not providing earnings guidance on a GAAP basis.

2 Excludes special charges, the mark-to-market impact of financial instruments and imputed interest on certain finance leases. Reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are included in the tables accompanying this release.

For more information on UAL's fourth quarter and full year 2019 guidance, please visit ir.united.com for the company's investor update.

Third Quarter 2019 Highlights
Customer Experience

  • Announced MileagePlus award miles never expire, giving members a lifetime to use miles on flights, experiences, hotels and more.
  • Announced partnership with CLEAR which includes a free or discounted CLEAR membership for U.S. based MileagePlus members.
  • MileagePlus members between the ages of 18 to 22 receive a 10% discount on domestic flights when booked through the United mobile app by Dec. 31, 2019.
  • Announced improvements to United PassPlus, the airline's prepaid program that offers discounts, fixed fares and amenities to both individual and corporate customers.
  • Customers are now provided three inflight snack options on domestic flights regardless of departure time, including the Stroopwafel.
  • Customers can now pre pay for bags as soon as their ticket is issued. Previously customers had to wait until check-in to pay for their bags.
  • MileagePlus loyalty program was awarded Favorite Frequent-Flyer Program for the fourth time by Trazee Awards and the United Explorer Card from Chase was awarded Favorite Credit Card for the second consecutive year.

Operations

  • Achieved No. 1 in on-time departures in all hubs where United faces large hub competitors: Denver, Chicago and Los Angeles.
  • Completed introduction of ConnectionSaver to all of seven domestic hubs, saving over 35,000 connections in the quarter.

Employees

  • Honored with being recognized by search site indeed.com as a "Top 50 Workplace" for 2019.
  • Recognized for fourth consecutive year as a top-scoring company and best place to work for disability and inclusion with a perfect score of 100% on the 2019 Disability Equality Index.
  • Expects to hire about 8,000 people by the end of 2019.

Network

  • Announced 12 new and expanded international routes from Chicago, Denver, New York/Newark and San Francisco including Nice, France; Palermo, Italy; and Curacao.
  • Announced nonstop service to Tokyo Haneda with routes from Chicago, Los Angeles, New York/Newark and Washington, D.C., beginning March 28, 2020.
  • Resumed daily nonstop service between New York/Newark and Delhi and Mumbai on September 6.

Fleet

  • Launched Boeing 767-300ER ultra-premium United Polaris business class configuration on all flights between New York/Newark and London-Heathrow starting Sept. 15, 2019.
  • Took delivery of six used Airbus A319 aircraft and nine new Embraer E175 aircraft.

Community

  • Launched Crowdrise fundraising campaign for those affected by Hurricane Dorian.
  • Operated a Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner crewed exclusively by women to the largest airshow in the world, EAA AirVenture in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, to symbolize the airline's commitment to supporting women in aviation.

Investor Day

On March 5, 2020 United will host an investor event in New York. More details will be provided at a later date.

Earnings Call

UAL will hold a conference call to discuss its third-quarter 2019 financial results and its financial and operational outlook for fourth-quarter and full-year 2019 on Wednesday, October 16, 2019, at 9:30 a.m. Central time /10:30 a.m. Eastern time. A live, listen-only webcast of the conference call will be available at ir.united.com. The webcast will be available for replay within 24 hours of the conference call and then archived on the website for three months.

Every customer. Every flight. Every day.

In 2019, United is focusing more than ever on its commitment to its customers, looking at every aspect of its business to ensure that the carrier keeps customers' best interests at the heart of its service. In addition to today's announcement, this year United:

  • Announced that MileagePlus award miles will never expire
  • Gave Economy customers a choice of complimentary snacks on domestic flights
  • Made DIRECTV free for every customer on more than 200 aircraft
  • Released a new version of the award-winning, most downloaded app in the airline industry
  • Launched a new tool called ConnectionSaver, dedicated to improving the experience for customers with connecting flights
  • Partnered with CLEAR on free or discounted memberships for MileagePlus members
  • Announced PlusPoints, new upgrade benefits for MileagePlus Premier members
  • And introduced products in its amenity kits made exclusively for the airline by luxury skincare line Sunday Riley

About United

United's shared purpose is "Connecting People. Uniting the World." We are more focused than ever on our commitment to customers through a series of innovations and improvements designed to help build a great experience: Every customer. Every flight. Every day. Together, United Airlines and United Express operate approximately 4,900 flights a day to 358 airports across five continents. In 2018, United and United Express operated more than 1.7 million flights carrying more than 158 million customers. United is proud to have the world's most comprehensive route network, including U.S. mainland hubs in Chicago, Denver, Houston, Los Angeles, New York/Newark, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. United operates 788 mainline aircraft and the airline's United Express carriers operate 560 regional aircraft. United is a founding member of Star Alliance, which provides service to 195 countries via 26 member airlines. For more information, visit united.com, follow @United on Twitter and Instagram or connect on Facebook. The common stock of United's parent, United Airlines Holdings, Inc., is traded on the Nasdaq under the symbol "UAL".

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: Certain statements included in this release are forward-looking and thus reflect our current expectations and beliefs with respect to certain current and future events and anticipated financial and operating performance. Such forward-looking statements are and will be subject to many risks and uncertainties relating to our operations and business environment that may cause actual results to differ materially from any future results expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. Words such as "expects," "will," "plans," "anticipates," "indicates," "believes," "estimates," "forecast," "guidance," "outlook," "goals," "targets" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Additionally, forward-looking statements include statements that do not relate solely to historical facts, such as statements which identify uncertainties or trends, discuss the possible future effects of current known trends or uncertainties, or which indicate that the future effects of known trends or uncertainties cannot be predicted, guaranteed or assured. All forward-looking statements in this release are based upon information available to us on the date of this release. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. Our actual results could differ materially from these forward-looking statements due to numerous factors including, without limitation, the following: our ability to execute our strategic operating plan, including our growth, revenue-generating and cost-control initiatives; general economic conditions (including interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, investment or credit market conditions, crude oil prices, costs of aircraft fuel and energy refining capacity in relevant markets); risks of doing business globally, including instability and political developments that may impact our operations in certain countries; demand for travel and the impact that global economic and political conditions have on customer travel patterns; our capacity decisions and the capacity decisions of our competitors; competitive pressures on pricing and on demand; changes in aircraft fuel prices; disruptions in our supply of aircraft fuel; our ability to cost-effectively hedge against increases in the price of aircraft fuel, if we decide to do so; the effects of any technology failures or cybersecurity breaches; disruptions to services provided by third-party service providers; potential reputational or other impact from adverse events involving our aircraft or operations, the aircraft or operations of our regional carriers or our code share partners or the aircraft or operations of another airline; our ability to attract and retain customers; the effects of any terrorist attacks, international hostilities or other security events, or the fear of such events; the mandatory grounding of aircraft in our fleet; disruptions to our regional network; the impact of regulatory, investigative and legal proceedings and legal compliance risks; the success of our investments in other airlines, including in other parts of the world; industry consolidation or changes in airline alliances; the ability of other air carriers with whom we have alliances or partnerships to provide the services contemplated by the respective arrangements with such carriers; costs associated with any modification or termination of our aircraft orders; disruptions in the availability of aircraft, parts or support from our suppliers; our ability to maintain satisfactory labor relations and the results of any collective bargaining agreement process with our union groups; any disruptions to operations due to any potential actions by our labor groups; labor costs; an outbreak of a disease that affects travel demand or travel behavior; the impact of any management changes; extended interruptions or disruptions in service at major airports where we operate; U.S. or foreign governmental legislation, regulation and other actions (including Open Skies agreements, environmental regulations and the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union); the seasonality of the airline industry; weather conditions; the costs and availability of aviation and other insurance; the costs and availability of financing; our ability to maintain adequate liquidity; our ability to comply with the terms of our various financing arrangements; our ability to realize the full value of our intangible assets and long-lived assets; and other risks and uncertainties set forth under Part I, Item 1A., "Risk Factors," of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2019, as well as other risks and uncertainties set forth from time to time in the reports we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

-tables attached-

On January 1, 2019, United Airlines Holdings, Inc. ("UAL") adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases ("Topic 842"). As such, certain previously reported 2018 figures are adjusted in this report on a basis consistent with Topic 842.

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)



Three Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/



Nine Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/


(In millions, except per share data)

2019


2018


(Decrease)



2019


2018


(Decrease)


Operating revenue:














Passenger

$

10,481



$

10,120



3.6




$

29,692



$

28,150



5.5



Cargo

282



296



(4.7)




863



903



(4.4)



Other operating revenue

617



587



5.1




1,816



1,759



3.2



Total operating revenue

11,380



11,003



3.4




32,371



30,812



5.1

















Operating expense:














Salaries and related costs

3,063



2,930



4.5




8,993



8,534



5.4



Aircraft fuel

2,296



2,572



(10.7)




6,704



6,927



(3.2)



Regional capacity purchase

721



676



6.7




2,124



1,999



6.3



Landing fees and other rent

645



618



4.4




1,893



1,822



3.9



Depreciation and amortization

575



545



5.5




1,682



1,607



4.7



Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs

490



455



7.7




1,319



1,333



(1.1)



Distribution expenses

432



427



1.2




1,234



1,162



6.2



Aircraft rent

67



109



(38.5)




221



355



(37.7)



Special charges (B)

27



17



NM




116



186



NM



Other operating expenses

1,591



1,467



8.5




4,645



4,293



8.2



Total operating expense

9,907



9,816



0.9




28,931



28,218



2.5

















Operating income

1,473



1,187



24.1




3,440



2,594



32.6

















Operating margin

12.9

%


10.8

%


2.1


pts.


10.6

%


8.4

%


2.2


pts.

Adjusted operating margin (Non-GAAP) (A)

13.2

%


10.9

%


2.3


pts.


11.0

%


9.0

%


2.0


pts.















Nonoperating income (expense):














Interest expense

(191)



(172)



11.0




(570)



(497)



14.7



Interest capitalized

22



16



37.5




65



46



41.3



Interest income

36



28



28.6




103



70



47.1



Miscellaneous, net (B)

9



(1)



NM




32



(118)



NM



Total nonoperating expense

(124)



(129)



(3.9)




(370)



(499)



(25.9)

















Income before income taxes

1,349



1,058



27.5




3,070



2,095



46.5

















Pre-tax margin

11.9

%


9.6

%


2.3


pts.


9.5

%


6.8

%


2.7


pts.

Adjusted pre-tax margin (Non-GAAP) (A)

12.1

%


9.6

%


2.5


pts.


9.8

%


7.6

%


2.2


pts.















Income tax expense (D)

325



225



44.4




702



434



61.8



Net income

$

1,024



$

833



22.9




$

2,368



$

1,661



42.6

















Diluted earnings per share

$

3.99



$

3.05



30.8




$

9.04



$

5.98



51.2



Diluted weighted average shares

256.4



273.6



(6.3)




262.0



278.0



(5.8)




NM Not meaningful

 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

PASSENGER REVENUE INFORMATION AND STATISTICS


Passenger revenue information is as follows (in millions, except for percentage changes):



3Q 2019

Passenger

Revenue


3Q 2018

Passenger

Revenue (a)


Reporting
Adjustments
(b)


3Q 2018

Passenger

Revenue
(b)


Passenger

Revenue

vs.

3Q 2018
(b)


PRASM
vs.
3Q 2018
(b)


Yield vs.
3Q 2018
(b)


Available

Seat Miles

vs.

3Q 2018


3Q 2019
Available
Seat
Miles


3Q 2019
Revenue
Passenger
Miles

Domestic

$

6,554



$

6,253



$

56



$

6,309



3.9%


2.1%


2.3%


1.7%


42,670


36,940





















Atlantic

1,963



1,933



(38)



1,895



3.6%


0.8%


1.0%


2.8%


15,219


13,216

Pacific

1,121



1,163



(30)



1,133



(1.1)%


(3.4)%


(4.0)%


2.3%


10,858


9,038

Latin America

843



771



12



783



7.7%


7.2%


5.9%


0.4%


6,329


5,435

International

3,927



3,867



(56)



3,811



3.0%


0.9%


0.5%


2.2%


32,406


27,689





















Consolidated

$

10,481



$

10,120



$



$

10,120



3.6%


1.7%


1.6%


1.9%


75,076


64,629


(a) As previously reported.

(b) During the third quarter of 2019, United implemented a new revenue accounting software system which allowed it to more precisely determine the geographic regions associated with certain ancillary passenger revenue items. Prior to July 2019, those ancillary revenue items were determined using an allocation method that was based on revenue from passenger travel. While the total passenger revenue is not impacted, the geographic totals for each period are not comparable year-over-year due to the change. The third quarter 2018 passenger revenue presented in the table above, and utilized in the year-over-year comparisons displayed, was adjusted using the third quarter 2019 percentages.

 

Select operating statistics are as follows:



Three Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/

(Decrease)



Nine Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/

(Decrease)



2019


2018





2019


2018




Passengers (thousands)

43,091



42,886



0.5




122,137



118,439



3.1



Revenue passenger miles (millions)

64,629



63,393



1.9




180,727



173,187



4.4



Available seat miles (millions)

75,076



73,681



1.9




213,961



206,360



3.7



Passenger load factor:














Consolidated

86.1

%


86.0

%


0.1


pts.


84.5

%


83.9

%


0.6


pts.

Domestic

86.6

%


86.7

%


(0.1)


pts.


85.7

%


85.7

%



pts.

International

85.4

%


85.2

%


0.2


pts.


82.9

%


81.6

%


1.3


pts.

Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents)

13.96



13.73



1.7




13.88



13.64



1.8



Total revenue per available seat mile (cents)

15.16



14.93



1.5




15.13



14.93



1.3



Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents)

16.22



15.96



1.6




16.43



16.25



1.1



Cargo ton miles

804



851



(5.5)




2,440



2,523



(3.3)



Aircraft in fleet at end of period

1,348



1,306



3.2




1,348



1,306



3.2



Average stage length (miles)

1,473



1,454



1.3




1,464



1,453



0.8



Average full-time equivalent employees

90,591



89,022



1.8




90,071



87,112



3.4



Average aircraft fuel price per gallon

$

2.02



$

2.32



(12.9)




$

2.08



$

2.23



(6.7)



Fuel gallons consumed (millions)

1,134



1,111



2.1




3,221



3,101



3.9




Note: See Part II, Item 6, Selected Financial Data, of UAL's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, for definitions of these statistics.

 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)


(In millions)

September 30, 2019


December 31, 2018

ASSETS




Current assets:




Cash and cash equivalents

$

2,959



$

1,694


Short-term investments

2,167



2,256


Receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts

1,617



1,426


Aircraft fuel, spare parts and supplies, less obsolescence allowance

1,065



985


Prepaid expenses and other

725



733


Total current assets

8,533



7,094






Total operating property and equipment, net

29,332



27,399


Operating lease right-of-use assets

4,937



5,262






Other assets:




Goodwill

4,523



4,523


Intangibles, less accumulated amortization

3,114



3,159


Restricted cash

100



105


Notes receivable, net

529



516


Investments in affiliates and other, net

1,131



966


Total other assets

9,397



9,269


Total assets

$

52,199



$

49,024






LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY




Current liabilities:




Advance ticket sales

$

5,515



$

4,381


Accounts payable

2,848



2,363


Frequent flyer deferred revenue

2,537



2,286


Accrued salaries and benefits

2,104



2,184


Current maturities of long-term debt

1,243



1,230


Current maturities of finance leases

92



123


Current maturities of operating leases

778



719


Other

574



553


Total current liabilities

15,691



13,839






Other long-term liabilities and deferred credits:




Long-term debt

12,900



12,215


Long-term obligations under finance leases

186



224


Long-term obligations under operating leases

4,941



5,276


Frequent flyer deferred revenue

2,682



2,719


Postretirement benefit liability

836



1,295


Pension liability

1,087



1,576


Deferred income taxes

1,594



828


Other

981



1,010


Total other long-term liabilities and deferred credits

25,207



25,143


Stockholders' equity

11,301



10,042


Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

52,199



$

49,024


 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)


(In millions)

Nine Months Ended

September 30,


2019


2018

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:




Net cash provided by operating activities

$

5,728



$

5,035






Cash Flows from Investing Activities:




Capital expenditures

(3,336)



(2,496)


Purchases of short-term and other investments

(2,168)



(1,975)


Proceeds from sale of short-term and other investments

2,282



1,979


Investment in affiliates

(36)



(139)


Proceeds from sale of property and equipment

47



30


Loans made to others

(10)



(10)


Other, net

(10)



104


Net cash used in investing activities

(3,231)



(2,507)






Cash Flows from Financing Activities:




Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

1,109



1,241


Payments of long-term debt

(726)



(1,519)


Repurchases of common stock

(1,431)



(1,010)


Principal payments under finance leases

(105)



(57)


Capitalized financing costs

(51)



(31)


Other, net

(29)



(17)


Net cash used in financing activities

(1,233)



(1,393)


Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

1,264



1,135


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of the period

1,799



1,591


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of the period

$

3,063



$

2,726






Investing and Financing Activities Not Affecting Cash:




Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt

$

306



$

125


Operating lease conversions to finance lease

36



52


Right-of-use assets acquired through operating leases

344



537


Property and equipment acquired through finance leases

8




 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

RETURN ON INVESTED CAPITAL (ROIC)—Non-GAAP


ROIC is a non-GAAP financial measure that UAL believes provides useful supplemental information for management and investors by measuring the effectiveness of the company's operations' use of invested capital to generate profits.


(in millions)

Twelve Months Ended

September 30, 2019

Net Operating Profit After Tax ("NOPAT")


Pre-tax income

$

3,623


Adjustments:


Special charges and mark-to-market ("MTM") gains on financial instruments:


Impairment of assets

301


Termination of a maintenance service agreement

64


Severance and benefit costs

21


MTM gains on financial instruments

(128)


(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges

31


Pre-tax income excluding special charges and MTM gains on financial instruments (Non-GAAP)

3,912


add: Interest expense (net of income tax benefit) (a)

739


add: Interest component of capitalized aircraft rent (net of income tax benefit) (a)

163


add: Net interest on pension (net of income tax benefit) (a)

(14)


less: Income taxes paid

(22)


NOPAT (Non-GAAP)

$

4,778






Average Invested Capital (five-quarter average)


Total assets

$

50,642


less: Non-interest bearing liabilities (b)

(17,823)


Average invested capital (Non-GAAP)

$

32,819




ROIC (Non-GAAP)

14.6

%



(a)

Income tax benefit measured based on the effective cash tax rate. The effective cash tax rate is calculated by dividing cash taxes paid by pre-tax income excluding special charges and MTM gains on financial instruments. For the twelve months ended September 30, 2019, the effective cash tax rate was 0.6%.

(b)

Non-interest bearing liabilities include advance ticket sales, frequent flyer deferred revenue, deferred income taxes and other non-interest bearing liabilities.

 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION


(A) UAL evaluates its financial performance utilizing various accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and Non-GAAP financial measures, including adjusted operating income (loss), adjusted operating margin, adjusted pre-tax income (loss), adjusted pre-tax margin, adjusted net income (loss), adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share and CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing, among others. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL believes that adjusting for MTM gains and losses on financial instruments is useful to investors because those unrealized gains or losses may not ultimately be realized on a cash basis. UAL believes that adjusting for interest expense related to finance leases of Embraer ERJ 145 aircraft is useful to investors because of the accelerated recognition of interest expense.


CASM is a common metric used in the airline industry to measure an airline's cost structure and efficiency. UAL reports CASM excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL also believes that excluding third-party business expenses, such as maintenance, ground handling and catering services for third parties and fuel sales, provides more meaningful disclosure because these expenses are not directly related to UAL's core business. UAL also believes that excluding fuel costs from certain measures is useful to investors because it provides an additional measure of management's performance excluding the effects of a significant cost item over which management has limited influence. UAL excludes profit sharing because this exclusion allows investors to better understand and analyze our operating cost performance and provides a more meaningful comparison of our core operating costs to the airline industry.


Reconciliations of reported non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are included below.



Three Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/


Nine Months Ended

September 30,


%

Increase/


2019


2018


(Decrease)


2019


2018


(Decrease)

CASM (cents)












Cost per available seat mile (CASM) (GAAP)

13.20



13.32



(0.9)



13.52



13.67



(1.1)


Special charges (B)

0.04



0.02



NM



0.05



0.09



NM


Third-party business expenses

0.07



0.04



75.0



0.06



0.04



50.0


Fuel expense

3.05



3.49



(12.6)



3.13



3.36



(6.8)


Profit sharing, including taxes

0.24



0.17



41.2



0.17



0.12



41.7


CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing (Non-GAAP)

9.80



9.60



2.1



10.11



10.06



0.5



NM Not Meaningful

 

UNITED AIRLINES HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)



Three Months Ended

September 30,


$

Increase/


%

Increase/


Nine Months Ended

September 30,


$

Increase/


%

Increase/

(in millions)

2019


2018


(Decrease)


(Decrease)


2019


2018


(Decrease)


(Decrease)

Operating expenses (GAAP)

$

9,907



$

9,816



$

91



0.9



$

28,931



$

28,218



$

713



2.5


Special charges (B)

27



17



10



NM



116



186



(70)



NM


Operating expenses, excluding special charges

9,880



9,799



81



0.8



28,815



28,032



783



2.8


Adjusted to exclude:
















Third-party business expenses

49



29



20



69.0



120



89



31



34.8


Fuel expense

2,296



2,572



(276)



(10.7)



6,704



6,927



(223)



(3.2)


Profit sharing, including taxes

174



127



47



37.0



368



252



116



46.0


Adjusted operating expenses (Non-GAAP)

$

7,361



$

7,071



$

290



4.1



$

21,623



$

20,764



$

859



4.1


















Operating income (GAAP)

$

1,473



$

1,187



$

286



24.1



$

3,440



$

2,594



$

846



32.6


Adjusted to exclude:
















Special charges (B)

27



17



10



NM



116



186



(70)



NM


Adjusted operating income (Non-GAAP)

$

1,500



$

1,204



$

296



24.6



$

3,556



$

2,780



$

776



27.9


















Pre-tax income (GAAP)

$

1,349



$

1,058



$

291



27.5



$

3,070



$

2,095



$

975



46.5


Adjusted to exclude:
















Special charges (B)

27



17



10



NM



116



186



(70)



NM


MTM (gains) losses on financial instruments (B)

(21)



(29)



8